Advanced

The Nom/Acc alternation in Germanic

Sigurðsson, Halldor Armann LU (2006) In Comparative Studies in Germanic Syntax p.13-50
Abstract
This paper describes the distribution of accusative case and discusses the nature of the nominative / accusative distinction in the standard Germanic languages. In addition, it illustrates and discusses the well-known fact that inherent accusatives and certain other types of accusatives do not behave in accordance with Bruzio’s Generalization. In spite of these Non-Burzionian accusatives, there is a general dependency relation between the so-called ‘structural’ cases, Nom and Acc, here referred to as the relational cases, such that relational Acc is licensed only in the precense of Nom (as has been argued by many). This relation is here referred to as the Sibling Correlation, SC. Contrary to common belief, however, SC is not a structural... (More)
This paper describes the distribution of accusative case and discusses the nature of the nominative / accusative distinction in the standard Germanic languages. In addition, it illustrates and discusses the well-known fact that inherent accusatives and certain other types of accusatives do not behave in accordance with Bruzio’s Generalization. In spite of these Non-Burzionian accusatives, there is a general dependency relation between the so-called ‘structural’ cases, Nom and Acc, here referred to as the relational cases, such that relational Acc is licensed only in the precense of Nom (as has been argued by many). This relation is here referred to as the Sibling Correlation, SC. Contrary to common belief, however, SC is not a structural correlation, but a simple morphological one, such that Nom is the first, independent case, CASE1 (‘an only child’ or an ‘older sibling’, as it were), whereas Acc is the second, dependent case, CASE 2, serving the sole purpose of being distinct from Nom – the Nom-Acc distinction, in turn, being a morphological inerpretation or translation of syntactic structure. It has been an unresolved (and largely a neglected) problem that the Germanic languages split with respect to case-marking of predicative DPs: nominative versus accusative (It is I/me, etc.). However, the morphological approach to the relational cases argued for in this paper offers a solution to this riddle: The predicative Acc languages have extended the domain of the Sibling Correlation, such that it does not apply to only arguments but to adjacent DPs in general. That is, the English type of predicative Acc is not ‘default’, nor is it caused by ‘grammatical viruses’, but a well-behaved subtype of relational Acc. The central conclusion of the paper is that we need to abandon the structural approach to the relational cases in favor of a more traditional morphological understanding. However, this is not a conservative but a radical move. It requires that we understand morphology (and PF in general) not as a direct reflection of syntax but as a translation of syntax into an understandable but foreign code or ‘language’, the language of morphology. Nom and Acc are not syntactic features but morphological translations of syntactic correlations. It is thus no wonder that they are uninterpretable to the semantic interface. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
the Sibling Correlation, inherent accusatives, relational case, predicative case, structural case, the nominative/accusative alternation, Burzio’s Generalization
in
Comparative Studies in Germanic Syntax
pages
13 - 50
publisher
John Benjamins Publishing Company
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
63e37ddb-b386-44a9-ab80-6b08bde8019b (old id 539368)
alternative location
http://ling.auf.net/lingBuzz/000299
date added to LUP
2007-10-20 17:13:33
date last changed
2016-04-16 08:27:06
@article{63e37ddb-b386-44a9-ab80-6b08bde8019b,
  abstract     = {This paper describes the distribution of accusative case and discusses the nature of the nominative / accusative distinction in the standard Germanic languages. In addition, it illustrates and discusses the well-known fact that inherent accusatives and certain other types of accusatives do not behave in accordance with Bruzio’s Generalization. In spite of these Non-Burzionian accusatives, there is a general dependency relation between the so-called ‘structural’ cases, Nom and Acc, here referred to as the relational cases, such that relational Acc is licensed only in the precense of Nom (as has been argued by many). This relation is here referred to as the Sibling Correlation, SC. Contrary to common belief, however, SC is not a structural correlation, but a simple morphological one, such that Nom is the first, independent case, CASE1 (‘an only child’ or an ‘older sibling’, as it were), whereas Acc is the second, dependent case, CASE 2, serving the sole purpose of being distinct from Nom – the Nom-Acc distinction, in turn, being a morphological inerpretation or translation of syntactic structure. It has been an unresolved (and largely a neglected) problem that the Germanic languages split with respect to case-marking of predicative DPs: nominative versus accusative (It is I/me, etc.). However, the morphological approach to the relational cases argued for in this paper offers a solution to this riddle: The predicative Acc languages have extended the domain of the Sibling Correlation, such that it does not apply to only arguments but to adjacent DPs in general. That is, the English type of predicative Acc is not ‘default’, nor is it caused by ‘grammatical viruses’, but a well-behaved subtype of relational Acc. The central conclusion of the paper is that we need to abandon the structural approach to the relational cases in favor of a more traditional morphological understanding. However, this is not a conservative but a radical move. It requires that we understand morphology (and PF in general) not as a direct reflection of syntax but as a translation of syntax into an understandable but foreign code or ‘language’, the language of morphology. Nom and Acc are not syntactic features but morphological translations of syntactic correlations. It is thus no wonder that they are uninterpretable to the semantic interface.},
  author       = {Sigurðsson, Halldor Armann},
  keyword      = {the Sibling Correlation,inherent accusatives,relational case,predicative case,structural case,the nominative/accusative alternation,Burzio’s Generalization},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {13--50},
  publisher    = {John Benjamins Publishing Company},
  series       = {Comparative Studies in Germanic Syntax},
  title        = {The Nom/Acc alternation in Germanic},
  year         = {2006},
}