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Hasteners and delayers: why rains don't cause fires

Torpe Touborg, Caroline LU (2018) In Philosophical Studies 175(7). p.1557-1576
Abstract
We typically judge that hasteners are causes of what they hasten, while delayers are not causes of what they delay. These judgements, I suggest, are sensitive to an underlying metaphysical distinction. To see this, we need to pay attention to a relation that I call positive security-dependence, where an event E security-depends positively on an earlier event C just in case E could more easily have failed to occur if C had not occurred. I suggest that we judge that an event C is a cause of a later event E only if E security-depends positively on C. This explains our causal judgements in typical cases of hastening and delaying as well as in atypical cases, where we judge that hasteners are not causes of what they hasten or that delayers are... (More)
We typically judge that hasteners are causes of what they hasten, while delayers are not causes of what they delay. These judgements, I suggest, are sensitive to an underlying metaphysical distinction. To see this, we need to pay attention to a relation that I call positive security-dependence, where an event E security-depends positively on an earlier event C just in case E could more easily have failed to occur if C had not occurred. I suggest that we judge that an event C is a cause of a later event E only if E security-depends positively on C. This explains our causal judgements in typical cases of hastening and delaying as well as in atypical cases, where we judge that hasteners are not causes of what they hasten or that delayers are causes of what they delay. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Causation, Hastening, Delaying
in
Philosophical Studies
volume
175
issue
7
pages
1557 - 1576
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85019770213
ISSN
0031-8116
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
53eb09bd-2366-4c73-8f65-5e94c96c2573
alternative location
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11098-017-0923-4
date added to LUP
2018-10-23 13:52:05
date last changed
2020-04-07 05:04:30
@article{53eb09bd-2366-4c73-8f65-5e94c96c2573,
  abstract     = {We typically judge that hasteners are causes of what they hasten, while delayers are not causes of what they delay. These judgements, I suggest, are sensitive to an underlying metaphysical distinction. To see this, we need to pay attention to a relation that I call positive security-dependence, where an event E security-depends positively on an earlier event C just in case E could more easily have failed to occur if C had not occurred. I suggest that we judge that an event C is a cause of a later event E only if E security-depends positively on C. This explains our causal judgements in typical cases of hastening and delaying as well as in atypical cases, where we judge that hasteners are not causes of what they hasten or that delayers are causes of what they delay.},
  author       = {Torpe Touborg, Caroline},
  issn         = {0031-8116},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1557--1576},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Philosophical Studies},
  title        = {Hasteners and delayers: why rains don't cause fires},
  url          = {https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11098-017-0923-4},
  volume       = {175},
  year         = {2018},
}