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Social work assessment of underage alcohol consumption: Non-specialised social services comparison between Sweden and Italy

Guidi, Paolo and Di Placido, Matteo LU (2015) In Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 32(2). p.199-218
Abstract
AIM - This research contributes to highlighting social work assessment of family situations with underage alcohol consumption and abuse. The comparative study invites reflection on the main features influencing an initial approach to adolescent problematic alcohol consumption outside specialised addiction services. DESIGN - The study is based on a cross-national comparison. A questionnaire including a vignette story of a young girl ("Nadja") and her family was submitted to thirty-five social workers employed in public social services in Stockholm, Malmo (Sweden), and Genoa (Italy). The participants were then invited to focus groups to discuss the main features that had emerged in the assessments. RESULTS - Results show significant... (More)
AIM - This research contributes to highlighting social work assessment of family situations with underage alcohol consumption and abuse. The comparative study invites reflection on the main features influencing an initial approach to adolescent problematic alcohol consumption outside specialised addiction services. DESIGN - The study is based on a cross-national comparison. A questionnaire including a vignette story of a young girl ("Nadja") and her family was submitted to thirty-five social workers employed in public social services in Stockholm, Malmo (Sweden), and Genoa (Italy). The participants were then invited to focus groups to discuss the main features that had emerged in the assessments. RESULTS - Results show significant variations between Italian and Swedish social workers' assessments. Italian social workers are in general more concerned and interventionist than are their Swedish colleagues. Swedish social workers tend to intervene less, assuming that Nadja's consumption is "normal" teenage behaviour, while the Italian social workers, less accustomed to considering such behaviour as common, are more worried and prone to intervene immediately, in particular when Nadja is found drunk in the city centre. CONCLUSION - The assessment proposed by public social workers appears to be informed by cultural understandings of alcohol consumption which permeate and reveal predominant tendencies in the two groups of professionals. Moreover, in Italy the social service mandate appears to be fragmented among different service units, whereas Swedish social workers operate within a broad welfare system that allocates specific resources for adolescent alcohol consumers. Further elements influencing the assessment are found in the legislative framework and consequently in the different practices and perspectives of intervention social workers assume in Sweden and Italy. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
adolescent alcohol consumption, social work assessment, vignette study, Italy, Sweden
in
Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
volume
32
issue
2
pages
199 - 218
publisher
Stakes, Forsknings- och utvecklingscentralen för social- och hälsovården i samarbete med Nordiska nämnden för alkohol- och drogforskning (NAD)
external identifiers
  • wos:000353306800009
  • scopus:84928686560
ISSN
1458-6126
DOI
10.1515/nsad-2015-0020
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5058e318-bf62-4cd8-adae-4dbe42dbcb61 (old id 5401098)
date added to LUP
2015-05-19 10:51:35
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:07:26
@article{5058e318-bf62-4cd8-adae-4dbe42dbcb61,
  abstract     = {AIM - This research contributes to highlighting social work assessment of family situations with underage alcohol consumption and abuse. The comparative study invites reflection on the main features influencing an initial approach to adolescent problematic alcohol consumption outside specialised addiction services. DESIGN - The study is based on a cross-national comparison. A questionnaire including a vignette story of a young girl ("Nadja") and her family was submitted to thirty-five social workers employed in public social services in Stockholm, Malmo (Sweden), and Genoa (Italy). The participants were then invited to focus groups to discuss the main features that had emerged in the assessments. RESULTS - Results show significant variations between Italian and Swedish social workers' assessments. Italian social workers are in general more concerned and interventionist than are their Swedish colleagues. Swedish social workers tend to intervene less, assuming that Nadja's consumption is "normal" teenage behaviour, while the Italian social workers, less accustomed to considering such behaviour as common, are more worried and prone to intervene immediately, in particular when Nadja is found drunk in the city centre. CONCLUSION - The assessment proposed by public social workers appears to be informed by cultural understandings of alcohol consumption which permeate and reveal predominant tendencies in the two groups of professionals. Moreover, in Italy the social service mandate appears to be fragmented among different service units, whereas Swedish social workers operate within a broad welfare system that allocates specific resources for adolescent alcohol consumers. Further elements influencing the assessment are found in the legislative framework and consequently in the different practices and perspectives of intervention social workers assume in Sweden and Italy.},
  author       = {Guidi, Paolo and Di Placido, Matteo},
  issn         = {1458-6126},
  keyword      = {adolescent alcohol consumption,social work assessment,vignette study,Italy,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {199--218},
  publisher    = {Stakes, Forsknings- och utvecklingscentralen för social- och hälsovården i samarbete med Nordiska nämnden för alkohol- och drogforskning (NAD)},
  series       = {Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs},
  title        = {Social work assessment of underage alcohol consumption: Non-specialised social services comparison between Sweden and Italy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/nsad-2015-0020},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2015},
}