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Transcontinental migratory connectivity predicts parasite prevalence in breeding populations of the European barn swallow

von Roenn, J. A. C.; Harrod, C.; Bensch, Staffan LU and Wolf, J. B. W. (2015) In Journal of Evolutionary Biology 28(3). p.535-546
Abstract
Parasites exert a major impact on the eco-evolutionary dynamics of their hosts and the associated biotic environment. Migration constitutes an effective means for long-distance invasions of vector-borne parasites and promotes their rapid spread. Yet, ecological and spatial information on population-specific host-parasite connectivity is essentially lacking. Here, we address this question in a system consisting of a transcontinental migrant species, the European barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) which serves as a vector for avian endoparasites in the genera Plasmodium, Haemoproteus andLeucocytozoon. Using feather stable isotope ratios as geographically informative markers, we first assessed migratory connectivity in the host: Northern European... (More)
Parasites exert a major impact on the eco-evolutionary dynamics of their hosts and the associated biotic environment. Migration constitutes an effective means for long-distance invasions of vector-borne parasites and promotes their rapid spread. Yet, ecological and spatial information on population-specific host-parasite connectivity is essentially lacking. Here, we address this question in a system consisting of a transcontinental migrant species, the European barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) which serves as a vector for avian endoparasites in the genera Plasmodium, Haemoproteus andLeucocytozoon. Using feather stable isotope ratios as geographically informative markers, we first assessed migratory connectivity in the host: Northern European breeding populations predominantly overwintered in dry, savannah-like habitats in Southern Africa, whereas Southern European populations were associated with wetland habitats in Western Central Africa. Wintering areas of swallows breeding in Central Europe indicated a migratory divide with both migratory programmes occurring within the same breeding population. Subsequent genetic screens of parasites in the breeding populations revealed a link between the host's migratory programme and its parasitic repertoire: controlling for effects of local breeding location, prevalence of Africa-transmitted Plasmodium lineages was significantly higher in individuals overwintering in the moist habitats of Western Central Africa, even among sympatrically breeding individuals with different overwintering locations. For the rarer Haemoproteus parasites, prevalence was best explained by breeding location alone, whereas no clear pattern emerged for the least abundant parasite Leucocytozoon. These results have implications for our understanding of spatio-temporal host-parasite dynamics in migratory species and the spread of avian borne diseases. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
avian malaria, avian migration, disease ecology, host-parasite, interaction, plasmodium, stable isotope, C-13, N-15
in
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
volume
28
issue
3
pages
535 - 546
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • wos:000352628400003
  • scopus:84926258794
ISSN
1420-9101
DOI
10.1111/jeb.12585
project
Malaria in birds
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9d4fc1a8-bc4e-4308-9620-d7c26771a2b4 (old id 5403068)
date added to LUP
2015-05-19 14:39:16
date last changed
2017-10-01 03:08:28
@article{9d4fc1a8-bc4e-4308-9620-d7c26771a2b4,
  abstract     = {Parasites exert a major impact on the eco-evolutionary dynamics of their hosts and the associated biotic environment. Migration constitutes an effective means for long-distance invasions of vector-borne parasites and promotes their rapid spread. Yet, ecological and spatial information on population-specific host-parasite connectivity is essentially lacking. Here, we address this question in a system consisting of a transcontinental migrant species, the European barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) which serves as a vector for avian endoparasites in the genera Plasmodium, Haemoproteus andLeucocytozoon. Using feather stable isotope ratios as geographically informative markers, we first assessed migratory connectivity in the host: Northern European breeding populations predominantly overwintered in dry, savannah-like habitats in Southern Africa, whereas Southern European populations were associated with wetland habitats in Western Central Africa. Wintering areas of swallows breeding in Central Europe indicated a migratory divide with both migratory programmes occurring within the same breeding population. Subsequent genetic screens of parasites in the breeding populations revealed a link between the host's migratory programme and its parasitic repertoire: controlling for effects of local breeding location, prevalence of Africa-transmitted Plasmodium lineages was significantly higher in individuals overwintering in the moist habitats of Western Central Africa, even among sympatrically breeding individuals with different overwintering locations. For the rarer Haemoproteus parasites, prevalence was best explained by breeding location alone, whereas no clear pattern emerged for the least abundant parasite Leucocytozoon. These results have implications for our understanding of spatio-temporal host-parasite dynamics in migratory species and the spread of avian borne diseases.},
  author       = {von Roenn, J. A. C. and Harrod, C. and Bensch, Staffan and Wolf, J. B. W.},
  issn         = {1420-9101},
  keyword      = {avian malaria,avian migration,disease ecology,host-parasite,interaction,plasmodium,stable isotope,C-13,N-15},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {535--546},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Journal of Evolutionary Biology},
  title        = {Transcontinental migratory connectivity predicts parasite prevalence in breeding populations of the European barn swallow},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jeb.12585},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2015},
}