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The evaluation of pilot’s situational awareness during mode changes on flight mode annunciators

Li, Wen Chin; White, James; Braithwaite, Graham; Greaves, Matt and Lin, Jr Hung (2016) 13th International Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, EPCE 2016 and Held as Part of 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2016 In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) 9736. p.409-418
Abstract

Current research investigates automation feedback design compared with a potential design solution that may increase pilot’s situation awareness of the Flight Mode Annunciators (FMAs) to reduce pilot workload and improve human-automation coordination. The research tools include an Eye Tracker and B747 flight simulator. This research evaluated two types of FMAs; a proposed glareshield mounted FMAs against the baseline FMA design mounted on the Primary Flight Display using an objective eye tracker. There are 19 participants including professional and private pilots and aerospace engineers. The results suggest that proposed glareshield design is the better design compared with the baseline design which demonstrated larger mean pupil sizes... (More)

Current research investigates automation feedback design compared with a potential design solution that may increase pilot’s situation awareness of the Flight Mode Annunciators (FMAs) to reduce pilot workload and improve human-automation coordination. The research tools include an Eye Tracker and B747 flight simulator. This research evaluated two types of FMAs; a proposed glareshield mounted FMAs against the baseline FMA design mounted on the Primary Flight Display using an objective eye tracker. There are 19 participants including professional and private pilots and aerospace engineers. The results suggest that proposed glareshield design is the better design compared with the baseline design which demonstrated larger mean pupil sizes related to the higher workload. A design solution was proposed that moved the FMAs to a MCP position, taking into account EASA and FAA design guidance, as well as several design principles including positioning to increase salience and the proximity compatibility principle. The results of the experiment found that FMAs on the MCP could increase pilot SA and reduced the mean fixation duration compared to the PFD position. Although the study used a small sample size, it demonstrates the value of further research to evaluate the proposed design.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Attention distribution, Eye movement, Flight deck design, Mode confusion, Proximity compatibility principle
in
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
volume
9736
pages
10 pages
publisher
Springer Verlag
conference name
13th International Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, EPCE 2016 and Held as Part of 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2016
external identifiers
  • scopus:84978221258
ISSN
03029743
16113349
ISBN
9783319400297
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-40030-3_40
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
56a5e5d7-c8b4-4e3e-ae04-acadb03e4bd3
date added to LUP
2017-02-22 14:13:53
date last changed
2017-07-30 05:22:08
@inproceedings{56a5e5d7-c8b4-4e3e-ae04-acadb03e4bd3,
  abstract     = {<p>Current research investigates automation feedback design compared with a potential design solution that may increase pilot’s situation awareness of the Flight Mode Annunciators (FMAs) to reduce pilot workload and improve human-automation coordination. The research tools include an Eye Tracker and B747 flight simulator. This research evaluated two types of FMAs; a proposed glareshield mounted FMAs against the baseline FMA design mounted on the Primary Flight Display using an objective eye tracker. There are 19 participants including professional and private pilots and aerospace engineers. The results suggest that proposed glareshield design is the better design compared with the baseline design which demonstrated larger mean pupil sizes related to the higher workload. A design solution was proposed that moved the FMAs to a MCP position, taking into account EASA and FAA design guidance, as well as several design principles including positioning to increase salience and the proximity compatibility principle. The results of the experiment found that FMAs on the MCP could increase pilot SA and reduced the mean fixation duration compared to the PFD position. Although the study used a small sample size, it demonstrates the value of further research to evaluate the proposed design.</p>},
  author       = {Li, Wen Chin and White, James and Braithwaite, Graham and Greaves, Matt and Lin, Jr Hung},
  booktitle    = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)},
  isbn         = {9783319400297},
  issn         = {03029743},
  keyword      = {Attention distribution,Eye movement,Flight deck design,Mode confusion,Proximity compatibility principle},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {409--418},
  publisher    = {Springer Verlag},
  title        = {The evaluation of pilot’s situational awareness during mode changes on flight mode annunciators},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40030-3_40},
  volume       = {9736},
  year         = {2016},
}