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The burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2015 : findings from the global burden of disease 2015 study

Mokdad, Ali H.; , and Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar LU (2017) In International Journal of Public Health
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Mental disorders are among the leading causes of nonfatal burden of disease globally.

METHODS: We used the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors study 2015 to examine the burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). We defined mental disorders according to criteria proposed in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders IV and the 10th International Classification of Diseases.

RESULTS: Mental disorders contributed to 4.7% (95% uncertainty interval (UI) 3.7-5.6%) of total disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), ranking as the ninth leading cause of disease burden. Depressive disorders and anxiety disorders were the third and ninth leading causes of nonfatal... (More)

OBJECTIVES: Mental disorders are among the leading causes of nonfatal burden of disease globally.

METHODS: We used the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors study 2015 to examine the burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). We defined mental disorders according to criteria proposed in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders IV and the 10th International Classification of Diseases.

RESULTS: Mental disorders contributed to 4.7% (95% uncertainty interval (UI) 3.7-5.6%) of total disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), ranking as the ninth leading cause of disease burden. Depressive disorders and anxiety disorders were the third and ninth leading causes of nonfatal burden, respectively. Almost all countries in the EMR had higher age-standardized mental disorder DALYs rates compared to the global level, and in half of the EMR countries, observed mental disorder rates exceeded the expected values.

CONCLUSIONS: The burden of mental disorders in the EMR is higher than global levels, particularly for women. To properly address this burden, EMR governments should implement nationwide quality epidemiological surveillance of mental disorders and provide adequate prevention and treatment services.

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author
organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Journal Article
in
International Journal of Public Health
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85026836836
ISSN
1661-8564
DOI
10.1007/s00038-017-1006-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5853a8d4-ead4-4e95-a6d7-4003c53d8b5c
date added to LUP
2017-08-13 01:27:40
date last changed
2017-09-06 08:36:07
@article{5853a8d4-ead4-4e95-a6d7-4003c53d8b5c,
  abstract     = {<p>OBJECTIVES: Mental disorders are among the leading causes of nonfatal burden of disease globally.</p><p>METHODS: We used the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors study 2015 to examine the burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). We defined mental disorders according to criteria proposed in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders IV and the 10th International Classification of Diseases.</p><p>RESULTS: Mental disorders contributed to 4.7% (95% uncertainty interval (UI) 3.7-5.6%) of total disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), ranking as the ninth leading cause of disease burden. Depressive disorders and anxiety disorders were the third and ninth leading causes of nonfatal burden, respectively. Almost all countries in the EMR had higher age-standardized mental disorder DALYs rates compared to the global level, and in half of the EMR countries, observed mental disorder rates exceeded the expected values.</p><p>CONCLUSIONS: The burden of mental disorders in the EMR is higher than global levels, particularly for women. To properly address this burden, EMR governments should implement nationwide quality epidemiological surveillance of mental disorders and provide adequate prevention and treatment services.</p>},
  author       = {Mokdad, Ali H. and ,  and Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar},
  issn         = {1661-8564},
  keyword      = {Journal Article},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {International Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {The burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2015 : findings from the global burden of disease 2015 study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-017-1006-1},
  year         = {2017},
}