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Roots and verbs in North Saami

Julien, Marit LU (2007) In Saami Linguistics (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory) 288. p.137-166
Abstract
Although it has been argued lately that roots have no lexical category, a

close look at deadjectival and denominal verbs in North Saami reveals that roots nevertheless differ with respect to their semantic type, and that this semantic contrast between roots leads to systematic syntactic and semantic differences between derived verbs. More specifically, state-denoting (‘adjectival’) roots can combine directly with a verbalizer, yielding verbs that mean ‘be Root’, ‘become Root’ or ‘cause to be Root’. Entity-denoting roots, on the other hand, must combine with a (possibly abstract) preposition before the verbalizer is merged, and because of the obligatory presence of the preposition, the result is a verb that means ‘have Root’, ‘get... (More)
Although it has been argued lately that roots have no lexical category, a

close look at deadjectival and denominal verbs in North Saami reveals that roots nevertheless differ with respect to their semantic type, and that this semantic contrast between roots leads to systematic syntactic and semantic differences between derived verbs. More specifically, state-denoting (‘adjectival’) roots can combine directly with a verbalizer, yielding verbs that mean ‘be Root’, ‘become Root’ or ‘cause to be Root’. Entity-denoting roots, on the other hand, must combine with a (possibly abstract) preposition before the verbalizer is merged, and because of the obligatory presence of the preposition, the result is a verb that means ‘have Root’, ‘get Root’ or ‘cause to have Root’. Hence, it is not the case that any root can appear in just any syntactic environment. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
lexical category, North Saami, roots, denominal verbs, derived verbs, deadjectival verbs
in
Saami Linguistics (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory)
editor
Toivonen, Ida; Nelson, Diane; and
volume
288
pages
137 - 166
publisher
John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN
978 90 272 4803 9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
602c885b-84c1-4bab-86b6-c351feec318e (old id 586384)
date added to LUP
2007-11-02 12:34:53
date last changed
2016-04-16 07:58:58
@inbook{602c885b-84c1-4bab-86b6-c351feec318e,
  abstract     = {Although it has been argued lately that roots have no lexical category, a<br/><br>
close look at deadjectival and denominal verbs in North Saami reveals that roots nevertheless differ with respect to their semantic type, and that this semantic contrast between roots leads to systematic syntactic and semantic differences between derived verbs. More specifically, state-denoting (‘adjectival’) roots can combine directly with a verbalizer, yielding verbs that mean ‘be Root’, ‘become Root’ or ‘cause to be Root’. Entity-denoting roots, on the other hand, must combine with a (possibly abstract) preposition before the verbalizer is merged, and because of the obligatory presence of the preposition, the result is a verb that means ‘have Root’, ‘get Root’ or ‘cause to have Root’. Hence, it is not the case that any root can appear in just any syntactic environment.},
  author       = {Julien, Marit},
  editor       = {Toivonen, Ida and Nelson, Diane},
  isbn         = {978 90 272 4803 9},
  keyword      = {lexical category,North Saami,roots,denominal verbs,derived verbs,deadjectival verbs},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {137--166},
  publisher    = {John Benjamins Publishing Company},
  series       = {Saami Linguistics (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory)},
  title        = {Roots and verbs in North Saami},
  volume       = {288},
  year         = {2007},
}