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The safety of passengers in wheelchairs in special transportation services studied with interviews and assessments

Wretstrand, Anders LU ; Ståhl, Agneta LU and Petzäll, Jan (2003) In Technology and Disability 15(4). p.259-269
Abstract
It is important to provide scientific knowledge of wheelchairs as occupant-protecting seats in motor vehicles. This study aimed at examining the situation in Special Transportation Services (STS), an important mode of transport for wheelchair users in Sweden. The perceived safety levels were assessed and examined, and extensive field experience was gained. During the study in three Swedish cities onboard STS vehicles in regular operation, the observer developed an observation and questionnaire manuscript. Qualitative as well as quantitative methods were used to interpret the semi-structured data. On the one hand, the study revealed a high or very high general level of perceived safety. The trip as such was the most important factor for... (More)
It is important to provide scientific knowledge of wheelchairs as occupant-protecting seats in motor vehicles. This study aimed at examining the situation in Special Transportation Services (STS), an important mode of transport for wheelchair users in Sweden. The perceived safety levels were assessed and examined, and extensive field experience was gained. During the study in three Swedish cities onboard STS vehicles in regular operation, the observer developed an observation and questionnaire manuscript. Qualitative as well as quantitative methods were used to interpret the semi-structured data. On the one hand, the study revealed a high or very high general level of perceived safety. The trip as such was the most important factor for perceived high safety. On the other hand, however, the objective, expert-viewed safety level was regarded as unsatisfactory. The four-point wheelchair tie-down system was seldom used as intended, nor was the three-point safety belt. Methodologically, the participant approach succeeded in eliciting information with enhanced quality and dense structure, thus meeting the objectives of the study. Assessment and interview data revealed obvious similarities, and it was found that the interview method could be used to gather the passengers' perceptions of safety. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Special transportation services, participant observation, occupant restraints, wheelchairs, tie-down devices, perceived safety
in
Technology and Disability
volume
15
issue
4
pages
259 - 269
publisher
IOS Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:0842264831
ISSN
1878-643X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ca0ad567-59fa-4ff3-9e5c-4fe8fe9d180d (old id 588010)
date added to LUP
2007-11-15 13:24:05
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:00:57
@article{ca0ad567-59fa-4ff3-9e5c-4fe8fe9d180d,
  abstract     = {It is important to provide scientific knowledge of wheelchairs as occupant-protecting seats in motor vehicles. This study aimed at examining the situation in Special Transportation Services (STS), an important mode of transport for wheelchair users in Sweden. The perceived safety levels were assessed and examined, and extensive field experience was gained. During the study in three Swedish cities onboard STS vehicles in regular operation, the observer developed an observation and questionnaire manuscript. Qualitative as well as quantitative methods were used to interpret the semi-structured data. On the one hand, the study revealed a high or very high general level of perceived safety. The trip as such was the most important factor for perceived high safety. On the other hand, however, the objective, expert-viewed safety level was regarded as unsatisfactory. The four-point wheelchair tie-down system was seldom used as intended, nor was the three-point safety belt. Methodologically, the participant approach succeeded in eliciting information with enhanced quality and dense structure, thus meeting the objectives of the study. Assessment and interview data revealed obvious similarities, and it was found that the interview method could be used to gather the passengers' perceptions of safety.},
  author       = {Wretstrand, Anders and Ståhl, Agneta and Petzäll, Jan},
  issn         = {1878-643X},
  keyword      = {Special transportation services,participant observation,occupant restraints,wheelchairs,tie-down devices,perceived safety},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {259--269},
  publisher    = {IOS Press},
  series       = {Technology and Disability},
  title        = {The safety of passengers in wheelchairs in special transportation services studied with interviews and assessments},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2003},
}