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Determination of heat loss from the feet and insulation of the footwear

Kuklane, Kalev LU ; Afanasieva, Rallema; Burmistrova, Olga; Bessonova, Nina and Holmér, Ingvar LU (1999) In International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics 5(4). p.465-476
Abstract
This study compared the methods of determining the footwear insulation on human subjects and the thermal foot model. Another purpose was to find out minimal number of measurement points on human foot that is needed for insulation calculation. Bare foot was tested at three ambient temperatures on 6 subjects. Three types of footwear were tested on 2 subjects. The mean insulation for bare foot obtained on the subject and model were similar. The insulation of the warm footwear measured by the two methods was also similar. For thin footwear the insulation values from the subjects were higher than those from the thermal model. The differences could be related to an undefined physiological factors. Two points on foot can be enough to measure the... (More)
This study compared the methods of determining the footwear insulation on human subjects and the thermal foot model. Another purpose was to find out minimal number of measurement points on human foot that is needed for insulation calculation. Bare foot was tested at three ambient temperatures on 6 subjects. Three types of footwear were tested on 2 subjects. The mean insulation for bare foot obtained on the subject and model were similar. The insulation of the warm footwear measured by the two methods was also similar. For thin footwear the insulation values from the subjects were higher than those from the thermal model. The differences could be related to an undefined physiological factors. Two points on foot can be enough to measure the insulation of footwear on human subjects (r=0.98). However, due to the big individual differences of humans, and good repeatability and simplicity of the thermal foot method, the latter should be preferred for testing. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
thermal insulation, skin temperature, footwear, heat loss, thermal foot model, Foot
in
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
volume
5
issue
4
pages
465 - 476
publisher
Central Institute for Labour Protection, Warszawa, Poland
external identifiers
  • scopus:0033255779
ISSN
2376-9130
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
13563dfe-3d98-43a9-9f45-ba95063fd02f (old id 593360)
date added to LUP
2008-02-21 14:07:44
date last changed
2017-01-22 04:01:01
@article{13563dfe-3d98-43a9-9f45-ba95063fd02f,
  abstract     = {This study compared the methods of determining the footwear insulation on human subjects and the thermal foot model. Another purpose was to find out minimal number of measurement points on human foot that is needed for insulation calculation. Bare foot was tested at three ambient temperatures on 6 subjects. Three types of footwear were tested on 2 subjects. The mean insulation for bare foot obtained on the subject and model were similar. The insulation of the warm footwear measured by the two methods was also similar. For thin footwear the insulation values from the subjects were higher than those from the thermal model. The differences could be related to an undefined physiological factors. Two points on foot can be enough to measure the insulation of footwear on human subjects (r=0.98). However, due to the big individual differences of humans, and good repeatability and simplicity of the thermal foot method, the latter should be preferred for testing.},
  author       = {Kuklane, Kalev and Afanasieva, Rallema and Burmistrova, Olga and Bessonova, Nina and Holmér, Ingvar},
  issn         = {2376-9130},
  keyword      = {thermal insulation,skin temperature,footwear,heat loss,thermal foot model,Foot},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {465--476},
  publisher    = {Central Institute for Labour Protection, Warszawa, Poland},
  series       = {International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics},
  title        = {Determination of heat loss from the feet and insulation of the footwear},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {1999},
}