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Reversing the trend of weak policy implementation in the Kenyan health sector? : A study of budget allocations and spending of health resources versus set priorities

Glenngård, Anna LU and Maina, Tomas (2007) In Health Research Policy and Systems 5(3).
Abstract
Background: Policy implementation in the context of health systems is generally difficult and the Kenyan health sector situation is not an exception. In 2005, a new health sector strategic plan that outlines the vision and the policy direction of the health sector was launched and during the same year the health sector was allocated a substantial budget increment. On basis of these indications of a willingness to improve the health care system among policy makers, the objective of this study was to assess whether there was a change in policy implementation during 2005 in Kenya. 
Methodology: Budget allocations and actual expenditures compared to set policy objectives in the Kenyan health sector was studied. Three data... (More)
Background: Policy implementation in the context of health systems is generally difficult and the Kenyan health sector situation is not an exception. In 2005, a new health sector strategic plan that outlines the vision and the policy direction of the health sector was launched and during the same year the health sector was allocated a substantial budget increment. On basis of these indications of a willingness to improve the health care system among policy makers, the objective of this study was to assess whether there was a change in policy implementation during 2005 in Kenya. 
Methodology: Budget allocations and actual expenditures compared to set policy objectives in the Kenyan health sector was studied. Three data sources were used: budget estimates, interviews with key stakeholders in the health sector and government and donor documentation. 
Results: Budget allocations and actual expenditures in part go against policy objectives. Failures to use a significant proportion of available funds, reallocation of funds between line items and weak procurements systems at the local level and delays in disbursement of funds at the central level create gaps between policy objectives and policy implementation. Some of the discrepancy seems to be due to a mismatch between responsibilities and capabilities at different levels of the system. 
Conclusion: We found no evidence that the trend of weak policy implementation in the Kenyan health sector was reversed during 2005 but ongoing efforts towards hastening release of funds to the districts might help solving the issue of low absorption capacity at the district level. It is important, however, to work with clear definitions of roles and responsibilities and well-functioning communications between different levels of the system. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Health Research Policy and Systems
volume
5
issue
3
pages
9 pages
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • scopus:34247132217
ISSN
1478-4505
DOI
10.1186/1478-4505-5-3
language
Swedish
LU publication?
no
id
595a7727-8c46-4abf-97ba-63edbc2338a9
date added to LUP
2016-09-02 13:36:56
date last changed
2017-10-01 05:22:55
@article{595a7727-8c46-4abf-97ba-63edbc2338a9,
  abstract     = {<b>Background:</b> Policy implementation in the context of health systems is generally difficult and the Kenyan health sector situation is not an exception. In 2005, a new health sector strategic plan that outlines the vision and the policy direction of the health sector was launched and during the same year the health sector was allocated a substantial budget increment. On basis of these indications of a willingness to improve the health care system among policy makers, the objective of this study was to assess whether there was a change in policy implementation during 2005 in Kenya. <br/><b>Methodology: </b>Budget allocations and actual expenditures compared to set policy objectives in the Kenyan health sector was studied. Three data sources were used: budget estimates, interviews with key stakeholders in the health sector and government and donor documentation. <br/><b>Results: </b>Budget allocations and actual expenditures in part go against policy objectives. Failures to use a significant proportion of available funds, reallocation of funds between line items and weak procurements systems at the local level and delays in disbursement of funds at the central level create gaps between policy objectives and policy implementation. Some of the discrepancy seems to be due to a mismatch between responsibilities and capabilities at different levels of the system. <br/><b>Conclusion: </b>We found no evidence that the trend of weak policy implementation in the Kenyan health sector was reversed during 2005 but ongoing efforts towards hastening release of funds to the districts might help solving the issue of low absorption capacity at the district level. It is important, however, to work with clear definitions of roles and responsibilities and well-functioning communications between different levels of the system.},
  author       = {Glenngård, Anna and Maina, Tomas},
  issn         = {1478-4505},
  language     = {swe},
  month        = {03},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {9},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {Health Research Policy and Systems},
  title        = {Reversing the trend of weak policy implementation in the Kenyan health sector? : A study of budget allocations and spending of health resources versus set priorities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1478-4505-5-3},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2007},
}