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Demokratiska genvägar: Expertinflytande i den svenska lagstiftningsprocessen om medicinsk genteknik

Hedlund, Maria LU (2007)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Denna avhandling handlar om expertinflytande och demokrati och fokuserar hur politiskt beslutsfattande i frågor med stort beroende av vetenskaplig expertis bör gå till för att vara demokratiskt. Studiens övergripande syfte är att från ett demokratiskt perspektiv värdera den svenska lagstiftningsprocessen om medicinsk genteknik, som kan ses som ett fall av beslutsfattande om expertisbemängda frågor. I avhandlingen argumenteras för att politiska beslutsprocesser bör karakteriseras inte bara av öppenhet, utan också av reella möjligheter för en mångfald av synpunkter att komma till uttryck och bli bemötta. Denna demokratiska norm gäller för alla beslutsprocesser och frågan här är om beslutsprocesser... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Denna avhandling handlar om expertinflytande och demokrati och fokuserar hur politiskt beslutsfattande i frågor med stort beroende av vetenskaplig expertis bör gå till för att vara demokratiskt. Studiens övergripande syfte är att från ett demokratiskt perspektiv värdera den svenska lagstiftningsprocessen om medicinsk genteknik, som kan ses som ett fall av beslutsfattande om expertisbemängda frågor. I avhandlingen argumenteras för att politiska beslutsprocesser bör karakteriseras inte bara av öppenhet, utan också av reella möjligheter för en mångfald av synpunkter att komma till uttryck och bli bemötta. Denna demokratiska norm gäller för alla beslutsprocesser och frågan här är om beslutsprocesser med stort beroende av vetenskaplig expertis har svårare att leva upp till dessa demokratikriterier. Författaren gör en systematisk empirisk och normativ analys av den aktuella beslutsprocessen, som dels rekonstrueras, dels värderas mot den demokratiska normen. Studiens övergripande resultat är att vetenskapliga experter har kunnat definiera problemen på den politiska agendan och därigenom kunnat påverka processen som helhet. Detta har emellertid inte begränsat möjligheten för en mångfald av åsikter att komma till uttryck, men synpunkter om experternas problemdefinitioner har blivit bemötta i större utsträckning än andra synpunkter, som bara emellanåt har givits respons. Den svenska lagstiftningsprocessen om medicinsk genteknik lever därmed bara delvis upp till den demokratiska norm som stipuleras i avhandlingen. (Less)
Abstract
This dissertation is about expert influence and democracy and focuses on how political decision-making about issues highly dependent on qualified scientific expertise should come about in order to be democratic. The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate, from a democratic perspective, the Swedish legislative process concerned with medical gene technology ? an archetypal case where the decision-making processes involve a marked level of expertise. It is argued that a democratic decision-making process should be characterized by openness and transparency and the possibility for a variety of standpoints to be visible and open to debate. This democratic norm is valid for all decision-making processes and the crucial question is whether a... (More)
This dissertation is about expert influence and democracy and focuses on how political decision-making about issues highly dependent on qualified scientific expertise should come about in order to be democratic. The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate, from a democratic perspective, the Swedish legislative process concerned with medical gene technology ? an archetypal case where the decision-making processes involve a marked level of expertise. It is argued that a democratic decision-making process should be characterized by openness and transparency and the possibility for a variety of standpoints to be visible and open to debate. This democratic norm is valid for all decision-making processes and the crucial question is whether a decision-making process highly dependent on qualified scientific expertise would have difficulties meeting such posed democratic criteria. The author makes a systematic empirical and normative analysis of the decision-making process in question, which is anatomised and evaluated against the democratic norm. The overall result of the study is that scientific experts have been able to define the problems on the political agenda and, thereby, had influenced the process as a whole. However, this has not constrained a variety of standpoints to be visible, but views expressed about the experts? problem definitions have prompted more frequent responses from the political decision-makers than other views, which only occasionally have been responded to. The Swedish legislative process concerned with medical gene technology has thereby partly deviated from democratic ideals. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Associate Professor Beckman, Ludvig, Stockholm University
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
experts, democracy, förvaltningskunskap, medical gene technology, Statsvetenskap, Swedish politics, Political and administrative sciences, democratic evaluation
pages
306 pages
publisher
Department of Political Science, Lund University
defense location
Edens hörsal Statsvetenskapliga institutionen Paradisgatan 5 Lund
defense date
2007-11-23 10:15
ISSN
0460-0037
ISBN
91-88306-68-2
978-91-88306-68-5
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
bedc0f57-2fa4-4546-b133-ecc92b73c332 (old id 599193)
date added to LUP
2007-11-13 07:58:11
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:57
@phdthesis{bedc0f57-2fa4-4546-b133-ecc92b73c332,
  abstract     = {This dissertation is about expert influence and democracy and focuses on how political decision-making about issues highly dependent on qualified scientific expertise should come about in order to be democratic. The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate, from a democratic perspective, the Swedish legislative process concerned with medical gene technology ? an archetypal case where the decision-making processes involve a marked level of expertise. It is argued that a democratic decision-making process should be characterized by openness and transparency and the possibility for a variety of standpoints to be visible and open to debate. This democratic norm is valid for all decision-making processes and the crucial question is whether a decision-making process highly dependent on qualified scientific expertise would have difficulties meeting such posed democratic criteria. The author makes a systematic empirical and normative analysis of the decision-making process in question, which is anatomised and evaluated against the democratic norm. The overall result of the study is that scientific experts have been able to define the problems on the political agenda and, thereby, had influenced the process as a whole. However, this has not constrained a variety of standpoints to be visible, but views expressed about the experts? problem definitions have prompted more frequent responses from the political decision-makers than other views, which only occasionally have been responded to. The Swedish legislative process concerned with medical gene technology has thereby partly deviated from democratic ideals.},
  author       = {Hedlund, Maria},
  isbn         = {91-88306-68-2},
  issn         = {0460-0037},
  keyword      = {experts,democracy,förvaltningskunskap,medical gene technology,Statsvetenskap,Swedish politics,Political and administrative sciences,democratic evaluation},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {306},
  publisher    = {Department of Political Science, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Demokratiska genvägar: Expertinflytande i den svenska lagstiftningsprocessen om medicinsk genteknik},
  year         = {2007},
}