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Reporting bicycle accidents to police in the COST TU1101 survey data base: Cross-country comparisons and associated factors

Shinar, David; Houtenbos, Maura; Haworth, Narelle; Schramm, Amy; Valero-Mora, Pedro; Mascarell, Oscar; Fyhri, Aslak; Hursa Sajatovic, Anica; de Bruyne, Guido and Morandi, Anna, et al. (2016) 5th International Cycling Safety Conference p.9-9
Abstract
Police crash reports are often the main source for official data in many countries. However, police sampling and data are known to be subject to bias, making the countermeasures adopted according to them possibly inefficient. In the case of bicycle crashes, this bias is most acute and it probably varies across countries, with some of them being more prone to reporting accidents to police than others. Assessing if this bias occurs and the size of it can be of great importance for evaluating the risks associated with bicycling. The following paper utilizes data collected in the COST TU1101 action. The data came from an online survey that included questions related with bicyclists' attitudes, accidents, and pattern of use of helmets. An... (More)
Police crash reports are often the main source for official data in many countries. However, police sampling and data are known to be subject to bias, making the countermeasures adopted according to them possibly inefficient. In the case of bicycle crashes, this bias is most acute and it probably varies across countries, with some of them being more prone to reporting accidents to police than others. Assessing if this bias occurs and the size of it can be of great importance for evaluating the risks associated with bicycling. The following paper utilizes data collected in the COST TU1101 action. The data came from an online survey that included questions related with bicyclists' attitudes, accidents, and pattern of use of helmets. An average of only 10% of all crashes were reported to the police (minimum of 0.0% Israel and 3.37% Greece to a maximum of a 30% of Germany). Some factors associated with the reporting level were: type of crash, type of vehicle and injury severity. Finally, no relation was found between the likelihood of reporting and the cyclist's gender, age, use of helmet, and type of bicycle. The significant under-reporting justifies the use of survey data for assessment of bicycling crash patterns as they relate to crash risk issues such as location, cyclists' characteristics, and use of helmet and strategic approaches to bicycle crash prevention and injury reduction, which are discussed in the paper. (Less)
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Contribution to conference
publication status
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keywords
crash, reporting, patterns
pages
1 pages
conference name
5th International Cycling Safety Conference
DOI
10.6092/unibo/amsacta/5445
language
English
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yes
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5b2b6351-7ef3-4800-9c85-eeb908b2c5a8
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http://amsacta.unibo.it/5445/1/ICSC2016_Book%20of%20abstracts.pdf
date added to LUP
2016-12-05 19:53:14
date last changed
2017-05-16 15:58:09
@misc{5b2b6351-7ef3-4800-9c85-eeb908b2c5a8,
  abstract     = {Police crash reports are often the main source for official data in many countries. However, police sampling and data are known to be subject to bias, making the countermeasures adopted according to them possibly inefficient. In the case of bicycle crashes, this bias is most acute and it probably varies across countries, with some of them being more prone to reporting accidents to police than others. Assessing if this bias occurs and the size of it can be of great importance for evaluating the risks associated with bicycling. The following paper utilizes data collected in the COST TU1101 action. The data came from an online survey that included questions related with bicyclists' attitudes, accidents, and pattern of use of helmets. An average of only 10% of all crashes were reported to the police (minimum of 0.0% Israel and 3.37% Greece to a maximum of a 30% of Germany). Some factors associated with the reporting level were: type of crash, type of vehicle and injury severity. Finally, no relation was found between the likelihood of reporting and the cyclist's gender, age, use of helmet, and type of bicycle. The significant under-reporting justifies the use of survey data for assessment of bicycling crash patterns as they relate to crash risk issues such as location, cyclists' characteristics, and use of helmet and strategic approaches to bicycle crash prevention and injury reduction, which are discussed in the paper.},
  author       = {Shinar, David and Houtenbos, Maura and Haworth, Narelle and Schramm, Amy and Valero-Mora, Pedro and Mascarell, Oscar and Fyhri, Aslak and Hursa Sajatovic, Anica and de Bruyne, Guido and Morandi, Anna and Otte, Dietmar and Papadakaki, Maria and Tzamalouka, Georgia and Kuklane, Kalev and Cavallo, Viola and Dias, Joao and Crundall, David and Ledesma, Rubén and Muser, Markus},
  keyword      = {crash,reporting,patterns},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  pages        = {9--9},
  title        = {Reporting bicycle accidents to police in the COST TU1101 survey data base: Cross-country comparisons and associated factors},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.6092/unibo/amsacta/5445},
  year         = {2016},
}