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HPI appraisal of concentrations of heavy metals in dynamic and static flow of Ganga River System

Matta, Gagan ; Kumar, Avinash ; Tiwari, A. K. ; Naik, Pradeep K. and Berndtsson, R. LU (2018) In Environment, Development and Sustainability p.1-14
Abstract

Ganga River system is a life support system to sustain the people of northeast region, India, by providing freshwater resource. In this study, the seasonal heavy metal concentrations of Ganga River system at Haridwar region (India) have been characterised for metal pollution. The collection of water samples was done from 10 different locations and analysed for various metal parameters (Zn, Pb, Mn, Fe, Cu, Si, Al, Ni, Cd, Mg and Co) using a standard laboratory procedures. The pollution level was assessed from the observed concentrations by using Heavy Metal Pollution Index (HPI) for nine heavy metals. The observed values of HPI were found lower than the Critical Pollution Index value of 100 (average value 78.62 and 81.18) during the... (More)

Ganga River system is a life support system to sustain the people of northeast region, India, by providing freshwater resource. In this study, the seasonal heavy metal concentrations of Ganga River system at Haridwar region (India) have been characterised for metal pollution. The collection of water samples was done from 10 different locations and analysed for various metal parameters (Zn, Pb, Mn, Fe, Cu, Si, Al, Ni, Cd, Mg and Co) using a standard laboratory procedures. The pollution level was assessed from the observed concentrations by using Heavy Metal Pollution Index (HPI) for nine heavy metals. The observed values of HPI were found lower than the Critical Pollution Index value of 100 (average value 78.62 and 81.18) during the study period. The concentration of Fe and Mg is exceeding the desirable limits of the World Health Organization, Bureau of Indian Standards and US Environmental Protection Agency in all water samples throughout the study period. The levels of all the metals were higher in the monsoon season and lower in the winter season. The Karl Pearson’s correlation matrix was developed by using the mean values of all parameters and showed the light intensity positively correlated with biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and sulphate which indicate good microbial activity. Dissolved oxygen and BOD is found negatively correlated. From this study, it is easy to understand the various harmful effects of metal pollution to irrigation water and health of local people.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Dynamic and static flow, Heavy Metal Pollution Index, River Ganga System, Water quality
in
Environment, Development and Sustainability
pages
14 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85048060404
ISSN
1387-585X
DOI
10.1007/s10668-018-0182-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5b2d9d8a-f4fb-4d30-a3d4-47c0e7611a3c
date added to LUP
2018-06-19 12:46:23
date last changed
2020-01-13 00:46:58
@article{5b2d9d8a-f4fb-4d30-a3d4-47c0e7611a3c,
  abstract     = {<p>Ganga River system is a life support system to sustain the people of northeast region, India, by providing freshwater resource. In this study, the seasonal heavy metal concentrations of Ganga River system at Haridwar region (India) have been characterised for metal pollution. The collection of water samples was done from 10 different locations and analysed for various metal parameters (Zn, Pb, Mn, Fe, Cu, Si, Al, Ni, Cd, Mg and Co) using a standard laboratory procedures. The pollution level was assessed from the observed concentrations by using Heavy Metal Pollution Index (HPI) for nine heavy metals. The observed values of HPI were found lower than the Critical Pollution Index value of 100 (average value 78.62 and 81.18) during the study period. The concentration of Fe and Mg is exceeding the desirable limits of the World Health Organization, Bureau of Indian Standards and US Environmental Protection Agency in all water samples throughout the study period. The levels of all the metals were higher in the monsoon season and lower in the winter season. The Karl Pearson’s correlation matrix was developed by using the mean values of all parameters and showed the light intensity positively correlated with biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and sulphate which indicate good microbial activity. Dissolved oxygen and BOD is found negatively correlated. From this study, it is easy to understand the various harmful effects of metal pollution to irrigation water and health of local people.</p>},
  author       = {Matta, Gagan and Kumar, Avinash and Tiwari, A. K. and Naik, Pradeep K. and Berndtsson, R.},
  issn         = {1387-585X},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  pages        = {1--14},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Environment, Development and Sustainability},
  title        = {HPI appraisal of concentrations of heavy metals in dynamic and static flow of Ganga River System},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10668-018-0182-3},
  doi          = {10.1007/s10668-018-0182-3},
  year         = {2018},
}