Advanced

Chemical assessment of Dam water irrigation effects on groundwater qualities in Bigherd plain, Fars Province, Iran

Kamali Maskooni, Ehsan LU ; Kompani-Zare, Mazda and Afzali, Seyed Fakhreddin (2017) In Environmental Earth Sciences 76(238).
Abstract
In this study the effect of irrigation by dam water in Bigherd area (Fars province, Iran) on groundwater quality one and three years after Dam construction was investigated. To conduct this study the major ion concentrations, including HCO3−, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, SO42− and Cl−, and water levels in 10 water wells and the dam reservoir were measured during two periods (June 2009 and June 2011), analyzed by factor analysis, and plotted in water quality charts. The results of factor analysis show that most of dissolved ions including Mg2+, Ca2+, SO42−, Cl− and HCO3− particularly in 2009 were mainly originated from carbonate and evaporitic formations as well as from the playa lake (Factor 1). In 2011, elevated salinity levels were found to be... (More)
In this study the effect of irrigation by dam water in Bigherd area (Fars province, Iran) on groundwater quality one and three years after Dam construction was investigated. To conduct this study the major ion concentrations, including HCO3−, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, SO42− and Cl−, and water levels in 10 water wells and the dam reservoir were measured during two periods (June 2009 and June 2011), analyzed by factor analysis, and plotted in water quality charts. The results of factor analysis show that most of dissolved ions including Mg2+, Ca2+, SO42−, Cl− and HCO3− particularly in 2009 were mainly originated from carbonate and evaporitic formations as well as from the playa lake (Factor 1). In 2011, elevated salinity levels were found to be mainly related to intense evaporation during irrigation, that are proportional to Na+ and K+ concentrations (Factor 2) and depend on the type of crop and irrigation method. It was also found that the surface waters from deeper origins had less of an effect on groundwater recharge compared to upstream carbonate aquifers. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Environmental Earth Sciences
volume
76
issue
238
article number
238
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85015742798
ISSN
1866-6280
DOI
10.1007/s12665-017-6550-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5e174806-6d5f-47b5-8d64-15fdfd785e2f
date added to LUP
2020-04-14 14:25:26
date last changed
2020-05-26 05:41:46
@article{5e174806-6d5f-47b5-8d64-15fdfd785e2f,
  abstract     = {In this study the effect of irrigation by dam water in Bigherd area (Fars province, Iran) on groundwater quality one and three years after Dam construction was investigated. To conduct this study the major ion concentrations, including HCO3−, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, SO42− and Cl−, and water levels in 10 water wells and the dam reservoir were measured during two periods (June 2009 and June 2011), analyzed by factor analysis, and plotted in water quality charts. The results of factor analysis show that most of dissolved ions including Mg2+, Ca2+, SO42−, Cl− and HCO3− particularly in 2009 were mainly originated from carbonate and evaporitic formations as well as from the playa lake (Factor 1). In 2011, elevated salinity levels were found to be mainly related to intense evaporation during irrigation, that are proportional to Na+ and K+ concentrations (Factor 2) and depend on the type of crop and irrigation method. It was also found that the surface waters from deeper origins had less of an effect on groundwater recharge compared to upstream carbonate aquifers.},
  author       = {Kamali Maskooni, Ehsan and Kompani-Zare, Mazda and Afzali, Seyed Fakhreddin},
  issn         = {1866-6280},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  number       = {238},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Environmental Earth Sciences},
  title        = {Chemical assessment of Dam water irrigation effects on groundwater qualities in Bigherd plain, Fars Province, Iran},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-017-6550-8},
  doi          = {10.1007/s12665-017-6550-8},
  volume       = {76},
  year         = {2017},
}