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Optimization of a two-step process comprising lipase catalysis and thermal cyclizationimproves the efficiency of synthesis of six-membered cyclic carbonate from trimethylolpropane and dimethylcarbonate.

Bornadel, Amin LU ; Hatti-Kaul, Rajni LU ; Sörensen, Kent ; Lundmark, Stefan LU and Pyo, Sang-Hyun LU (2013) In Biotechnology Progress 29(1). p.66-73
Abstract
Six-membered cyclic carbonates are potential monomers for phosgene and/or isocyanate free polycarbonates and polyurethanes via ring-opening polymerization. A two-step process for their synthesis comprising lipase-catalyzed transesterificationofa polyol, trimethylolpropane(TMP) with dimethylcarbonate(DMC)in a solvent-free system followed by thermal cyclization was optimized to improve process efficiency and selectivity. Using full factorial designed experiments and partial least squares (PLS) modeling for thereaction catalyzed by Novozym®435 (N435; immobilized Candida antarctica lipase B), the optimum conditions for obtaining either high proportion of mono-carbonated TMP and TMP-cyclic-carbonate (3 and 4), or di-carbonated TMP and... (More)
Six-membered cyclic carbonates are potential monomers for phosgene and/or isocyanate free polycarbonates and polyurethanes via ring-opening polymerization. A two-step process for their synthesis comprising lipase-catalyzed transesterificationofa polyol, trimethylolpropane(TMP) with dimethylcarbonate(DMC)in a solvent-free system followed by thermal cyclization was optimized to improve process efficiency and selectivity. Using full factorial designed experiments and partial least squares (PLS) modeling for thereaction catalyzed by Novozym®435 (N435; immobilized Candida antarctica lipase B), the optimum conditions for obtaining either high proportion of mono-carbonated TMP and TMP-cyclic-carbonate (3 and 4), or di-carbonated TMP and monocarbonated TMP-cyclic-carbonate (5 and 6) were found. The PLS model predicted that the reactions using 15-20% (w/w) N435 at DMC:TMP molar ratio of 10-30 can reach about 65% total yield of 3 and 4 within 10 h, and 65-70% total yield of 5 and 6 within 32-37 h, respectively. High consistency between the predictedresults and empirical data was shown with 66.1% yield of 3 and 4 at 7 h and 67.4% yield of 5 and 6 at 35 h, using 18% (w/w) biocatalyst and DMC:TMPmolar ratio of20. Thermal cyclization of the product from 7 h reaction, at 110 °C in the presence of acetonitrile increased the overall yield of cyclic carbonate 4 from about 2% to more than 75%within 24 h.N435 was reused for 5 consecutive batches, 10 h each, to give 3+4 with a yield of about 65% in each run. © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 2012. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Biotechnology Progress
volume
29
issue
1
pages
66 - 73
publisher
The American Chemical Society (ACS)
external identifiers
  • wos:000314472200009
  • pmid:23125051
  • scopus:84873314705
  • pmid:23125051
ISSN
1520-6033
DOI
10.1002/btpr.1662
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5f95b142-e31b-4803-8b4a-550d2c0556de (old id 3219263)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 10:21:58
date last changed
2020-01-12 03:17:32
@article{5f95b142-e31b-4803-8b4a-550d2c0556de,
  abstract     = {Six-membered cyclic carbonates are potential monomers for phosgene and/or isocyanate free polycarbonates and polyurethanes via ring-opening polymerization. A two-step process for their synthesis comprising lipase-catalyzed transesterificationofa polyol, trimethylolpropane(TMP) with dimethylcarbonate(DMC)in a solvent-free system followed by thermal cyclization was optimized to improve process efficiency and selectivity. Using full factorial designed experiments and partial least squares (PLS) modeling for thereaction catalyzed by Novozym®435 (N435; immobilized Candida antarctica lipase B), the optimum conditions for obtaining either high proportion of mono-carbonated TMP and TMP-cyclic-carbonate (3 and 4), or di-carbonated TMP and monocarbonated TMP-cyclic-carbonate (5 and 6) were found. The PLS model predicted that the reactions using 15-20% (w/w) N435 at DMC:TMP molar ratio of 10-30 can reach about 65% total yield of 3 and 4 within 10 h, and 65-70% total yield of 5 and 6 within 32-37 h, respectively. High consistency between the predictedresults and empirical data was shown with 66.1% yield of 3 and 4 at 7 h and 67.4% yield of 5 and 6 at 35 h, using 18% (w/w) biocatalyst and DMC:TMPmolar ratio of20. Thermal cyclization of the product from 7 h reaction, at 110 °C in the presence of acetonitrile increased the overall yield of cyclic carbonate 4 from about 2% to more than 75%within 24 h.N435 was reused for 5 consecutive batches, 10 h each, to give 3+4 with a yield of about 65% in each run. © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 2012.},
  author       = {Bornadel, Amin and Hatti-Kaul, Rajni and Sörensen, Kent and Lundmark, Stefan and Pyo, Sang-Hyun},
  issn         = {1520-6033},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {66--73},
  publisher    = {The American Chemical Society (ACS)},
  series       = {Biotechnology Progress},
  title        = {Optimization of a two-step process comprising lipase catalysis and thermal cyclizationimproves the efficiency of synthesis of six-membered cyclic carbonate from trimethylolpropane and dimethylcarbonate.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/btpr.1662},
  doi          = {10.1002/btpr.1662},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2013},
}