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Eighty-peak kilovoltage 16-channel multidetector computed tomography and reduced contrast-medium doses tailored to body weight to diagnose pulmonary embolism in azotaemic patients.

Geijer, Fredrik LU and Nyman, Ulf (2006) In European Radiology 16(Jan 27). p.1165-1176
Abstract
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of minimising contrast-medium (CM) doses using 80-peak kilovoltage (kVp) 16-channel multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with CM dose tailored to body weight, when diagnosing pulmonary embolism (PE) in azotaemic patients. Twenty-nine patients (68–93 years; 38–79 kg) with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 12–49 ml/min underwent 80 kVp MDCT at a median dose of 200 mg iodine (I)/kg and 15 s injection time. Pulmonary artery (PA) enhancement where compared with our own reference material using 320 mg I/kg at 120 kVp and with reported figures in the literature at 120–140 kVp and a 42 g iodine CM dose. Median (1st and 3rd quartiles) values regarding CM dose were 12.2 (9.9–12.8) g... (More)
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of minimising contrast-medium (CM) doses using 80-peak kilovoltage (kVp) 16-channel multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with CM dose tailored to body weight, when diagnosing pulmonary embolism (PE) in azotaemic patients. Twenty-nine patients (68–93 years; 38–79 kg) with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 12–49 ml/min underwent 80 kVp MDCT at a median dose of 200 mg iodine (I)/kg and 15 s injection time. Pulmonary artery (PA) enhancement where compared with our own reference material using 320 mg I/kg at 120 kVp and with reported figures in the literature at 120–140 kVp and a 42 g iodine CM dose. Median (1st and 3rd quartiles) values regarding CM dose were 12.2 (9.9–12.8) g iodine; density of left main and lower lobe segmental PA 339 (275–395) Hounsfield units (HU) and 354 (321–442) HU, respectively. Those enhancement values were similar to those obtained from the reference population at 120 kVp and those reported in the literature at 120–140 kVp. One patient had a transient increase in plasma creatinine. Three months’ follow-up revealed deep venous thrombosis among 1/18 patients with negative results from computed tomography (CT). We conclude that 80 kVp 16-channel MDCT to diagnose PE in azotaemic patients may be performed with markedly reduced CM doses, implying a lesser risk for CM-induced nephropathy. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
computed tomography, nephrotoxicity, pulmonary embolism, contrast material
in
European Radiology
volume
16
issue
Jan 27
pages
1165 - 1176
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000236751800025
  • scopus:33645779286
ISSN
0938-7994
DOI
10.1007/s00330-005-0117-x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5fb6e029-ebc9-4236-90b4-2a1bcf7d8b17 (old id 153724)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=16447047&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 12:28:19
date last changed
2020-01-15 02:45:27
@article{5fb6e029-ebc9-4236-90b4-2a1bcf7d8b17,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of minimising contrast-medium (CM) doses using 80-peak kilovoltage (kVp) 16-channel multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with CM dose tailored to body weight, when diagnosing pulmonary embolism (PE) in azotaemic patients. Twenty-nine patients (68–93 years; 38–79 kg) with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 12–49 ml/min underwent 80 kVp MDCT at a median dose of 200 mg iodine (I)/kg and 15 s injection time. Pulmonary artery (PA) enhancement where compared with our own reference material using 320 mg I/kg at 120 kVp and with reported figures in the literature at 120–140 kVp and a 42 g iodine CM dose. Median (1st and 3rd quartiles) values regarding CM dose were 12.2 (9.9–12.8) g iodine; density of left main and lower lobe segmental PA 339 (275–395) Hounsfield units (HU) and 354 (321–442) HU, respectively. Those enhancement values were similar to those obtained from the reference population at 120 kVp and those reported in the literature at 120–140 kVp. One patient had a transient increase in plasma creatinine. Three months’ follow-up revealed deep venous thrombosis among 1/18 patients with negative results from computed tomography (CT). We conclude that 80 kVp 16-channel MDCT to diagnose PE in azotaemic patients may be performed with markedly reduced CM doses, implying a lesser risk for CM-induced nephropathy.},
  author       = {Geijer, Fredrik and Nyman, Ulf},
  issn         = {0938-7994},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {Jan 27},
  pages        = {1165--1176},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Radiology},
  title        = {Eighty-peak kilovoltage 16-channel multidetector computed tomography and reduced contrast-medium doses tailored to body weight to diagnose pulmonary embolism in azotaemic patients.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-005-0117-x},
  doi          = {10.1007/s00330-005-0117-x},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2006},
}