Advanced

Dimethyl carbonate as a green chemical

Pyo, Sang Hyun LU ; Park, Ji Hoon; Chang, Tae Sun and Hatti-Kaul, Rajni LU (2017) In Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry 5. p.61-66
Abstract

Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is an established solvent and a green reagent which continues to attract attention. It is a nonpolar aprotic solvent with good miscibility with water, biodegrades readily in the atmosphere, and is non-toxic. DMC is classified in the greenest “recommended” bracket according to the solvent selection guide, and can be a potential replacement for methyl ethyl ketone, ethyl acetate, methyl isobutyl ketone, and most other ketones. Currently, the most prevalent commercial pathway for the production of DMC is through oxidative carbonylation of methanol using O2; in addition, new alternative processes for DMC from CO2 are being developed. DMC has found several applications such as the electrolyte in... (More)

Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is an established solvent and a green reagent which continues to attract attention. It is a nonpolar aprotic solvent with good miscibility with water, biodegrades readily in the atmosphere, and is non-toxic. DMC is classified in the greenest “recommended” bracket according to the solvent selection guide, and can be a potential replacement for methyl ethyl ketone, ethyl acetate, methyl isobutyl ketone, and most other ketones. Currently, the most prevalent commercial pathway for the production of DMC is through oxidative carbonylation of methanol using O2; in addition, new alternative processes for DMC from CO2 are being developed. DMC has found several applications such as the electrolyte in lithium rechargeable batteries and as a solvent in several reactions including pharmaceutically relevant synthesis and in biocatalysis. This report provides a brief overview of physical-thermodynamic-, toxicological- and ecotoxicological properties, production methods, reactivity, and applications of DMC as an environmentally benign chemical in chemical- and biotechnical processes.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry
volume
5
pages
6 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85017145962
ISSN
2452-2236
DOI
10.1016/j.cogsc.2017.03.012
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
60195b3a-23b5-437c-b1b5-35861c55999b
date added to LUP
2017-04-26 10:59:10
date last changed
2017-04-26 10:59:10
@article{60195b3a-23b5-437c-b1b5-35861c55999b,
  abstract     = {<p>Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is an established solvent and a green reagent which continues to attract attention. It is a nonpolar aprotic solvent with good miscibility with water, biodegrades readily in the atmosphere, and is non-toxic. DMC is classified in the greenest “recommended” bracket according to the solvent selection guide, and can be a potential replacement for methyl ethyl ketone, ethyl acetate, methyl isobutyl ketone, and most other ketones. Currently, the most prevalent commercial pathway for the production of DMC is through oxidative carbonylation of methanol using O<sub>2</sub>; in addition, new alternative processes for DMC from CO<sub>2</sub> are being developed. DMC has found several applications such as the electrolyte in lithium rechargeable batteries and as a solvent in several reactions including pharmaceutically relevant synthesis and in biocatalysis. This report provides a brief overview of physical-thermodynamic-, toxicological- and ecotoxicological properties, production methods, reactivity, and applications of DMC as an environmentally benign chemical in chemical- and biotechnical processes.</p>},
  author       = {Pyo, Sang Hyun and Park, Ji Hoon and Chang, Tae Sun and Hatti-Kaul, Rajni},
  issn         = {2452-2236},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  pages        = {61--66},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry},
  title        = {Dimethyl carbonate as a green chemical},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cogsc.2017.03.012},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2017},
}