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Mitigation Costs for Bioenergy Systems and Natural Gas Systems with Decarbonization

Gustavsson, Leif LU and Börjesson, Pål LU (1997) In Energy Policy 26(9). p.699-713
Abstract
In Sweden today, power production with bioenergy systems is more costly than with fossil energy systems. New technology under development, such as integrated gasification and combined cycle technology (IGCC), and reduced biomass costs would improve the competitiveness of bioenergy systems. The CO2 mitigation costs are lower for biomass systems using IGCC technology than for natural gas systems using decarbonization. Considering the temporary reduced greenhouse gases from the soil when short-rotation forest (Salix) replaces annual food crops on mineral soils, the CO2 mitigation costs could be reduced further by about 10% for bioenergy systems. The cost of Salix can be reduced in the future by about 30% because of improvements in plant... (More)
In Sweden today, power production with bioenergy systems is more costly than with fossil energy systems. New technology under development, such as integrated gasification and combined cycle technology (IGCC), and reduced biomass costs would improve the competitiveness of bioenergy systems. The CO2 mitigation costs are lower for biomass systems using IGCC technology than for natural gas systems using decarbonization. Considering the temporary reduced greenhouse gases from the soil when short-rotation forest (Salix) replaces annual food crops on mineral soils, the CO2 mitigation costs could be reduced further by about 10% for bioenergy systems. The cost of Salix can be reduced in the future by about 30% because of improvements in plant breeding and cultivation methods, and even more if Salix plantations are used for the treatment of municipal waste water. This would further improve the competitiveness of bioenergy systems. Several data used in the cost calculations are uncertain, especially regarding new technologies such as IGCC, decarbonization, and waste water treatment in Salix plantations, and will vary with local conditions. The results are, however, most sensitive to changes in the fuel costs and particularly so in the case of natural gas systems. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Carbon dioxide mitigation cost, Bioenergy, Decarbonization
in
Energy Policy
volume
26
issue
9
pages
699 - 713
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0344541953
ISSN
1873-6777
DOI
10.1016/S0301-4215(98)00029-9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c9c193d0-faf4-456b-a92b-dba97ef76e84 (old id 604238)
date added to LUP
2009-04-01 11:32:56
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:10:11
@article{c9c193d0-faf4-456b-a92b-dba97ef76e84,
  abstract     = {In Sweden today, power production with bioenergy systems is more costly than with fossil energy systems. New technology under development, such as integrated gasification and combined cycle technology (IGCC), and reduced biomass costs would improve the competitiveness of bioenergy systems. The CO2 mitigation costs are lower for biomass systems using IGCC technology than for natural gas systems using decarbonization. Considering the temporary reduced greenhouse gases from the soil when short-rotation forest (Salix) replaces annual food crops on mineral soils, the CO2 mitigation costs could be reduced further by about 10% for bioenergy systems. The cost of Salix can be reduced in the future by about 30% because of improvements in plant breeding and cultivation methods, and even more if Salix plantations are used for the treatment of municipal waste water. This would further improve the competitiveness of bioenergy systems. Several data used in the cost calculations are uncertain, especially regarding new technologies such as IGCC, decarbonization, and waste water treatment in Salix plantations, and will vary with local conditions. The results are, however, most sensitive to changes in the fuel costs and particularly so in the case of natural gas systems.},
  author       = {Gustavsson, Leif and Börjesson, Pål},
  issn         = {1873-6777},
  keyword      = {Carbon dioxide mitigation cost,Bioenergy,Decarbonization},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {699--713},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy Policy},
  title        = {Mitigation Costs for Bioenergy Systems and Natural Gas Systems with Decarbonization},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0301-4215(98)00029-9},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {1997},
}