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Biomass Transportation

Börjesson, Pål LU and Gustavsson, Leif LU (1996) In Renewable Energy 9(1-4). p.1033-1036
Abstract
Extensive utilisation of logging residues, straw, and energy crops will lead to short transportation distances and thus low transportation costs. The average distance of transportation of biomass to a large-scale conversion plant, suitable for electricity or methanol production using 300 000 dry tonne biomass yearly, will be about 30 km in Sweden, if the conversion plant is located at the centre of the biomass production area. The estimated Swedish biomass potential of 430 PJ/yr is based on production conditions around 2015, assuming that 30% of the available arable land is used for energy crop production. With present production conditions, resulting in a biomass potential of 220 PJ/yr, the transportation distance is about 42 km. The cost... (More)
Extensive utilisation of logging residues, straw, and energy crops will lead to short transportation distances and thus low transportation costs. The average distance of transportation of biomass to a large-scale conversion plant, suitable for electricity or methanol production using 300 000 dry tonne biomass yearly, will be about 30 km in Sweden, if the conversion plant is located at the centre of the biomass production area. The estimated Swedish biomass potential of 430 PJ/yr is based on production conditions around 2015, assuming that 30% of the available arable land is used for energy crop production. With present production conditions, resulting in a biomass potential of 220 PJ/yr, the transportation distance is about 42 km. The cost of transporting biomass 30-42 km will be equivalent to 20-25% of the total biomass cost. The total energy efficiency of biomass production and transportation will be 95-97%, where the energy losses from transportation are about 20%. Biomass transportation will contribute less than 10% to the total NOx, CO, and HC emissions from biomass production, transportation, and conversion. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
transportation, Biomass, production, costs, energy use, emissions
in
Renewable Energy
volume
9
issue
1-4
pages
1033 - 1036
publisher
Elsevier
ISSN
0960-1481
DOI
10.1016/0960-1481(96)88456-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
bfb5e5ba-4b12-486a-a9b4-83a290fd3b9a (old id 604252)
date added to LUP
2009-04-01 11:47:06
date last changed
2016-04-15 19:13:51
@article{bfb5e5ba-4b12-486a-a9b4-83a290fd3b9a,
  abstract     = {Extensive utilisation of logging residues, straw, and energy crops will lead to short transportation distances and thus low transportation costs. The average distance of transportation of biomass to a large-scale conversion plant, suitable for electricity or methanol production using 300 000 dry tonne biomass yearly, will be about 30 km in Sweden, if the conversion plant is located at the centre of the biomass production area. The estimated Swedish biomass potential of 430 PJ/yr is based on production conditions around 2015, assuming that 30% of the available arable land is used for energy crop production. With present production conditions, resulting in a biomass potential of 220 PJ/yr, the transportation distance is about 42 km. The cost of transporting biomass 30-42 km will be equivalent to 20-25% of the total biomass cost. The total energy efficiency of biomass production and transportation will be 95-97%, where the energy losses from transportation are about 20%. Biomass transportation will contribute less than 10% to the total NOx, CO, and HC emissions from biomass production, transportation, and conversion.},
  author       = {Börjesson, Pål and Gustavsson, Leif},
  issn         = {0960-1481},
  keyword      = {transportation,Biomass,production,costs,energy use,emissions},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-4},
  pages        = {1033--1036},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Renewable Energy},
  title        = {Biomass Transportation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0960-1481(96)88456-4},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {1996},
}