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Towards a Standard Methodology for Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy System in Comparison with Fossil Fuel System, Biomass and Bioenergy

Schlamadinger, B; Apps, M; Bohlin, F; Gustavsson, Leif LU ; Jungmeier, G; Marland, G; Pingoud, K and Savolainen, I (1997) In Biomass & Bioenergy 13(6). p.359-375
Abstract
In this paper, which was prepared as part of IEA Bioenergy Task XV (“Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems”), we outline a standard methodology for comparing the greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems with those of fossil energy systems. Emphasis is on a careful definition of system boundaries. The following issues are dealt with in detail: time interval analysed and changes of carbon stocks; reference energy systems; energy inputs required to produce, process and transport fuels; mass and energy losses along the entire fuel chain; energy embodied in facility infrastructure; distribution systems; cogeneration systems; by-products; waste wood and other biomass waste for energy; reference land use; and other environmental... (More)
In this paper, which was prepared as part of IEA Bioenergy Task XV (“Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems”), we outline a standard methodology for comparing the greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems with those of fossil energy systems. Emphasis is on a careful definition of system boundaries. The following issues are dealt with in detail: time interval analysed and changes of carbon stocks; reference energy systems; energy inputs required to produce, process and transport fuels; mass and energy losses along the entire fuel chain; energy embodied in facility infrastructure; distribution systems; cogeneration systems; by-products; waste wood and other biomass waste for energy; reference land use; and other environmental issues. For each of these areas recommendations are given on how analyses of greenhouse gas balances should be performed. In some cases we also point out alternative ways of doing the greenhouse gas accounting. Finally, the paper gives some recommendations on how bioenergy systems should be optimized from a greenhouse-gas-emissions point of view. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Carbon balance, CO2, bioenergy, methodology, greenhouse gases
in
Biomass & Bioenergy
volume
13
issue
6
pages
359 - 375
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0031448192
ISSN
1873-2909
DOI
10.1016/S0961-9534(97)10032-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
194eb747-d837-4f79-973f-c6a956448c48 (old id 604387)
date added to LUP
2009-03-30 10:58:20
date last changed
2017-06-04 03:39:05
@article{194eb747-d837-4f79-973f-c6a956448c48,
  abstract     = {In this paper, which was prepared as part of IEA Bioenergy Task XV (“Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems”), we outline a standard methodology for comparing the greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems with those of fossil energy systems. Emphasis is on a careful definition of system boundaries. The following issues are dealt with in detail: time interval analysed and changes of carbon stocks; reference energy systems; energy inputs required to produce, process and transport fuels; mass and energy losses along the entire fuel chain; energy embodied in facility infrastructure; distribution systems; cogeneration systems; by-products; waste wood and other biomass waste for energy; reference land use; and other environmental issues. For each of these areas recommendations are given on how analyses of greenhouse gas balances should be performed. In some cases we also point out alternative ways of doing the greenhouse gas accounting. Finally, the paper gives some recommendations on how bioenergy systems should be optimized from a greenhouse-gas-emissions point of view.},
  author       = {Schlamadinger, B and Apps, M and Bohlin, F and Gustavsson, Leif and Jungmeier, G and Marland, G and Pingoud, K and Savolainen, I},
  issn         = {1873-2909},
  keyword      = {Carbon balance,CO2,bioenergy,methodology,greenhouse gases},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {359--375},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Biomass & Bioenergy},
  title        = {Towards a Standard Methodology for Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy System in Comparison with Fossil Fuel System, Biomass and Bioenergy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(97)10032-0},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {1997},
}