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Energy intensity trends in 31 industrial and developing countries 1950-1988

Nilsson, Lars J LU (1993) In Energy 18(4). p.309-322
Abstract
Trends in energy intensities for 31 countries are evaluated, over the period from 1950 to 1988, using a purchasing power parity-based GDP measure and United Nations energy statistics. With non-commercial energy included, the energy intensities of low income countries are similar to those of high income countries. Energy intensities have decreased for 15 out of the 31 countries studied. The analysis indicates that there is a level of energy intensity, between 0.25 and 0.5 toe per 1000 (1980) international dollars, to which many countries are converging. Energy use per capita increases with higher incomes, but cross-country comparisons can be misleading and inappropriate due to large differences in, for example, economic structure and... (More)
Trends in energy intensities for 31 countries are evaluated, over the period from 1950 to 1988, using a purchasing power parity-based GDP measure and United Nations energy statistics. With non-commercial energy included, the energy intensities of low income countries are similar to those of high income countries. Energy intensities have decreased for 15 out of the 31 countries studied. The analysis indicates that there is a level of energy intensity, between 0.25 and 0.5 toe per 1000 (1980) international dollars, to which many countries are converging. Energy use per capita increases with higher incomes, but cross-country comparisons can be misleading and inappropriate due to large differences in, for example, economic structure and climate. Electricity appears to be the energy carrier of choice for advanced economies, leading to increased use of electricity relative to other energy carriers. Electricity intensities for eight industrialized countries are evaluated. In four countries, electricity intensities have decreased in recent years. This result suggests that electricity intensities may develop similarly to how energy intensities have developed as economic structure and energy end-use efficiency continue to change. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Energy
volume
18
issue
4
pages
309 - 322
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0027334801
ISSN
1873-6785
DOI
10.1016/0360-5442(93)90066-M
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
df2f2562-a6e8-419c-9f50-1f5d48f53065 (old id 604688)
date added to LUP
2009-03-30 08:43:32
date last changed
2017-07-02 03:40:00
@article{df2f2562-a6e8-419c-9f50-1f5d48f53065,
  abstract     = {Trends in energy intensities for 31 countries are evaluated, over the period from 1950 to 1988, using a purchasing power parity-based GDP measure and United Nations energy statistics. With non-commercial energy included, the energy intensities of low income countries are similar to those of high income countries. Energy intensities have decreased for 15 out of the 31 countries studied. The analysis indicates that there is a level of energy intensity, between 0.25 and 0.5 toe per 1000 (1980) international dollars, to which many countries are converging. Energy use per capita increases with higher incomes, but cross-country comparisons can be misleading and inappropriate due to large differences in, for example, economic structure and climate. Electricity appears to be the energy carrier of choice for advanced economies, leading to increased use of electricity relative to other energy carriers. Electricity intensities for eight industrialized countries are evaluated. In four countries, electricity intensities have decreased in recent years. This result suggests that electricity intensities may develop similarly to how energy intensities have developed as economic structure and energy end-use efficiency continue to change.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Lars J},
  issn         = {1873-6785},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {309--322},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy},
  title        = {Energy intensity trends in 31 industrial and developing countries 1950-1988},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0360-5442(93)90066-M},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {1993},
}