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En modell av det inledande utrymningsförloppet

Nilsson, Daniel LU (2006) In LUTVDG/TVBB--3138--SE 3138.
Abstract
The purpose of the present study was to develop a new model of the initial part of an evacuation process, i.e., the pre-movement phase. A new method for estimating the pre-movement time was also going to be proposed. In the initial part of the study an inventory of existing models of human behaviour during fire evacuation was performed. This was followed by a literature review about helping behaviour and social influence. A new model was then developed based on an existing model of the intervention process in case of emergency. The new model divides the initial part of an evacuation into stages. Each stage must be passed before an individual can start to evacuate. A new method for estimating the pre-movement time was also developed in the... (More)
The purpose of the present study was to develop a new model of the initial part of an evacuation process, i.e., the pre-movement phase. A new method for estimating the pre-movement time was also going to be proposed. In the initial part of the study an inventory of existing models of human behaviour during fire evacuation was performed. This was followed by a literature review about helping behaviour and social influence. A new model was then developed based on an existing model of the intervention process in case of emergency. The new model divides the initial part of an evacuation into stages. Each stage must be passed before an individual can start to evacuate. A new method for estimating the pre-movement time was also developed in the study. The method treats evacuees as agents in a complex adaptive system. Each agent is influenced by and influences his neighbours. If an agent starts to respond he will be observed by others and influence them to respond. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Book/Report
publication status
published
subject
keywords
model of the initial evacuation process, pre-movement time, social influence., Evacuation
in
LUTVDG/TVBB--3138--SE
volume
3138
pages
40 pages
publisher
Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety
report number
3138
ISSN
1402-3504
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
cc6d4f41-2426-47cb-84b4-e98342af97bb (old id 605562)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 15:30:04
date last changed
2018-11-21 20:34:47
@techreport{cc6d4f41-2426-47cb-84b4-e98342af97bb,
  abstract     = {The purpose of the present study was to develop a new model of the initial part of an evacuation process, i.e., the pre-movement phase. A new method for estimating the pre-movement time was also going to be proposed. In the initial part of the study an inventory of existing models of human behaviour during fire evacuation was performed. This was followed by a literature review about helping behaviour and social influence. A new model was then developed based on an existing model of the intervention process in case of emergency. The new model divides the initial part of an evacuation into stages. Each stage must be passed before an individual can start to evacuate. A new method for estimating the pre-movement time was also developed in the study. The method treats evacuees as agents in a complex adaptive system. Each agent is influenced by and influences his neighbours. If an agent starts to respond he will be observed by others and influence them to respond.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Daniel},
  institution  = {Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety},
  issn         = {1402-3504},
  language     = {swe},
  number       = {3138},
  series       = {LUTVDG/TVBB--3138--SE},
  title        = {En modell av det inledande utrymningsförloppet},
  url          = {https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/ws/files/4406642/635986.pdf},
  volume       = {3138},
  year         = {2006},
}