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Open Wounds? Trianon, the Holocaust and the Hungarian Trauma

Gerner, Kristian LU (2007) In Collective Traumas. Memories of War and Conflict in 20th-Century Europe 38. p.79-109
Abstract
The Trianon treaty has been a prominent site of memory in Hungarian historical culture from the day it was undersigned on 4 June 1920. 564,000 Hungarian Jews became victims of the Holocaust. In the first years after the end of World War II, the Holocaust was not a concept in Hungarian politics and historical culture. In the interwar period, in Hungarian historical culture the Trianon syndrome exhibited the emotional characteristics typical of trauma in an individual. In the communist period, there were only indirect expressions of this trauma in the form of concern for the fate and plight of the Hungarian minorities in the neighbouring states, especially Romania and Czechoslovakia. In the late 1980s, Hungarian politics were increasingly... (More)
The Trianon treaty has been a prominent site of memory in Hungarian historical culture from the day it was undersigned on 4 June 1920. 564,000 Hungarian Jews became victims of the Holocaust. In the first years after the end of World War II, the Holocaust was not a concept in Hungarian politics and historical culture. In the interwar period, in Hungarian historical culture the Trianon syndrome exhibited the emotional characteristics typical of trauma in an individual. In the communist period, there were only indirect expressions of this trauma in the form of concern for the fate and plight of the Hungarian minorities in the neighbouring states, especially Romania and Czechoslovakia. In the late 1980s, Hungarian politics were increasingly influenced by the perception that the Hungarians in Romania were severely suppressed by the nationalist Romanian Ceausescu regime. After 1989, irredentism came back in politics But when first Hungary in 2004 and then Romaia in 2007 became members of the EU, it lost political significance. Instead, Trianon was firmly established as an element of Hungarian historical culture through a new museum and documentary film. To commemorate the Holocaust did not become an issue in Hungarian historical culture until the 1990s. Although a new Holocaust museum and study centre in Budapest opened in 2004, the Holocaust has not assume any central position in this culture, although of course it is of great concern to Jews in Hungary and abroad. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
historical trauma, Holocaust, Hungary, Trianon
in
Collective Traumas. Memories of War and Conflict in 20th-Century Europe
editor
Mithander, Conny; Sundholm, John; Homgren Troy, Maria; ; and
volume
38
pages
79 - 109
publisher
Peter Lang Publishing Group
ISSN
1376-0904
ISBN
9789052010687
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4c555ba9-1e42-41d7-9d17-a2e86ef0a322 (old id 607360)
date added to LUP
2007-11-19 11:50:09
date last changed
2016-04-16 04:48:22
@inbook{4c555ba9-1e42-41d7-9d17-a2e86ef0a322,
  abstract     = {The Trianon treaty has been a prominent site of memory in Hungarian historical culture from the day it was undersigned on 4 June 1920. 564,000 Hungarian Jews became victims of the Holocaust. In the first years after the end of World War II, the Holocaust was not a concept in Hungarian politics and historical culture. In the interwar period, in Hungarian historical culture the Trianon syndrome exhibited the emotional characteristics typical of trauma in an individual. In the communist period, there were only indirect expressions of this trauma in the form of concern for the fate and plight of the Hungarian minorities in the neighbouring states, especially Romania and Czechoslovakia. In the late 1980s, Hungarian politics were increasingly influenced by the perception that the Hungarians in Romania were severely suppressed by the nationalist Romanian Ceausescu regime. After 1989, irredentism came back in politics But when first Hungary in 2004 and then Romaia in 2007 became members of the EU, it lost political significance. Instead, Trianon was firmly established as an element of Hungarian historical culture through a new museum and documentary film. To commemorate the Holocaust did not become an issue in Hungarian historical culture until the 1990s. Although a new Holocaust museum and study centre in Budapest opened in 2004, the Holocaust has not assume any central position in this culture, although of course it is of great concern to Jews in Hungary and abroad.},
  author       = {Gerner, Kristian},
  editor       = {Mithander, Conny and Sundholm, John and Homgren Troy, Maria},
  isbn         = {9789052010687},
  issn         = {1376-0904},
  keyword      = {historical trauma,Holocaust,Hungary,Trianon},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {79--109},
  publisher    = {Peter Lang Publishing Group},
  series       = {Collective Traumas. Memories of War and Conflict in 20th-Century Europe},
  title        = {Open Wounds? Trianon, the Holocaust and the Hungarian Trauma},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2007},
}