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Kungahällaprojektet - en bakgrundsteckning

Andersson, Hans LU (2002) In Kungahälla. Problem och forskning kring stadens äldsta historia. Skrifter utgivna av Bohusläns museum och Bohusläns hembygdsförbund nr 70, Lund Studies in Medieval Archaeology nr 28 p.9-28
Abstract
Kungahälla was the southernmost town in medieval Norway. The site, now in Sweden, is about 2 kmwest of today's Kungälv. Kungahälla occupies a significant place in the oldest written sources, the Norse sagas, where we have a glimpse of the important role that the town played in early medieval Norwegian society. Opinions have been divided as to how far back this

role can he taken, but there is no certain written information before the first half of the twelfth century. The written sources nevertheless tell us that

royal influence over the town was considerable.



Kungahälla is first mentioned as one of six civitates in Norway in 1130, by the English historian Ordericus Vitalis. Kungahalla was the site of... (More)
Kungahälla was the southernmost town in medieval Norway. The site, now in Sweden, is about 2 kmwest of today's Kungälv. Kungahälla occupies a significant place in the oldest written sources, the Norse sagas, where we have a glimpse of the important role that the town played in early medieval Norwegian society. Opinions have been divided as to how far back this

role can he taken, but there is no certain written information before the first half of the twelfth century. The written sources nevertheless tell us that

royal influence over the town was considerable.



Kungahälla is first mentioned as one of six civitates in Norway in 1130, by the English historian Ordericus Vitalis. Kungahalla was the site of the first monastery to be founded in Bohuslan, Kastellekioster, an Augustinian house in all probability founded in the 1160s under the auspices of Archbishop Eystein. In the latter half of the thirteenth century a Franciscan friary was also built, mentioned for the first time in 1272. An important structure is the fortress on Ragnhildsholmen in Nordre Älv, completed by 1257



At the end of the nineteenth century, Wilhelm Berg investigated the ruins of the RagnhiIdsholmen fortress and a few years later the Augustinian friary,

as well as parts of the town. A small-scale investigation of the Augustinian friary also took place in 1942. In the 1950s there were excavations of the

Franciscan friary, when parts of a churchyard withthe remains of a surrounding wall were documented. In addition, parts of yet another churchyard with its wall remains were investigated in 1958. There was no concerted picture of the archaeological history of the place until publication no. 29 of the Medieval Town Project.



During the 1980s the possibility of conducting new archaeological investigations within the area ofthe old town arose once again. After trial digs in 1985, a programme was drawn up for a project, the main aim of which was

to determine the character of Kungahälla in the period up to the thineenth-century expansion. It is reasonable to regard the investigations of

Kungahälla as part of the broad range of urban investigations geared to the Early Middle Ages in Scandinavia. What makes the Kungahälla Project

particularly interesting is, of course, the geographical location of the town, along with the problems associated with the concept of urbanization that the

archaeological findings have clearly demonstrated.There are several circumstances in the early development which, in our opinion, make it very interesting to formulate a more ambiguous concept of urbanization than scholars have previously workedwith. Ordericus mentions a civitas in the mid-1130s, but what did it look like, and what functions did it have? Was it a town in whatever sense we mean by the concept of town? Or is it the case

that urbanization can stand for a much broader process, or be a narrow part of a much broader process for which we should use some other term?



In the book we present the results of the investigations, also including a couple of more analytical sections (chapters 9 and 10) which sum up the findings and try to put them in a broader context, while also providing a point of departure for continued discussion. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
medeltida urbanisering, Bohuslän, Sverige, Norge, stad, Kungahälla
in
Kungahälla. Problem och forskning kring stadens äldsta historia. Skrifter utgivna av Bohusläns museum och Bohusläns hembygdsförbund nr 70, Lund Studies in Medieval Archaeology nr 28
editor
Kristina, Carlsson; Hans, Andersson; Maria, Vretemark; ; and
pages
9 - 28
publisher
Bohusläns museums förlag
ISSN
0280-4174
0283-6874
ISBN
91-7686-137-6, 0280-4174, 91-22-01931-6, ISSN 0283-6874
91-7686-137-6
91-22-01931-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9791c50e-5765-4026-b734-edab80023944 (old id 607408)
date added to LUP
2007-11-19 11:02:11
date last changed
2016-04-15 18:41:04
@inbook{9791c50e-5765-4026-b734-edab80023944,
  abstract     = {Kungahälla was the southernmost town in medieval Norway. The site, now in Sweden, is about 2 kmwest of today's Kungälv. Kungahälla occupies a significant place in the oldest written sources, the Norse sagas, where we have a glimpse of the important role that the town played in early medieval Norwegian society. Opinions have been divided as to how far back this<br/><br>
role can he taken, but there is no certain written information before the first half of the twelfth century. The written sources nevertheless tell us that<br/><br>
royal influence over the town was considerable.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Kungahälla is first mentioned as one of six civitates in Norway in 1130, by the English historian Ordericus Vitalis. Kungahalla was the site of the first monastery to be founded in Bohuslan, Kastellekioster, an Augustinian house in all probability founded in the 1160s under the auspices of Archbishop Eystein. In the latter half of the thirteenth century a Franciscan friary was also built, mentioned for the first time in 1272. An important structure is the fortress on Ragnhildsholmen in Nordre Älv, completed by 1257<br/><br>
 <br/><br>
At the end of the nineteenth century, Wilhelm Berg investigated the ruins of the RagnhiIdsholmen fortress and a few years later the Augustinian friary,<br/><br>
as well as parts of the town. A small-scale investigation of the Augustinian friary also took place in 1942. In the 1950s there were excavations of the<br/><br>
Franciscan friary, when parts of a churchyard withthe remains of a surrounding wall were documented. In addition, parts of yet another churchyard with its wall remains were investigated in 1958. There was no concerted picture of the archaeological history of the place until publication no. 29 of the Medieval Town Project.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
During the 1980s the possibility of conducting new archaeological investigations within the area ofthe old town arose once again. After trial digs in 1985, a programme was drawn up for a project, the main aim of which was<br/><br>
to determine the character of Kungahälla in the period up to the thineenth-century expansion. It is reasonable to regard the investigations of<br/><br>
Kungahälla as part of the broad range of urban investigations geared to the Early Middle Ages in Scandinavia. What makes the Kungahälla Project<br/><br>
particularly interesting is, of course, the geographical location of the town, along with the problems associated with the concept of urbanization that the<br/><br>
archaeological findings have clearly demonstrated.There are several circumstances in the early development which, in our opinion, make it very interesting to formulate a more ambiguous concept of urbanization than scholars have previously workedwith. Ordericus mentions a civitas in the mid-1130s, but what did it look like, and what functions did it have? Was it a town in whatever sense we mean by the concept of town? Or is it the case<br/><br>
that urbanization can stand for a much broader process, or be a narrow part of a much broader process for which we should use some other term?<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In the book we present the results of the investigations, also including a couple of more analytical sections (chapters 9 and 10) which sum up the findings and try to put them in a broader context, while also providing a point of departure for continued discussion.},
  author       = {Andersson, Hans},
  editor       = {Kristina, Carlsson and Hans, Andersson and Maria, Vretemark},
  isbn         = {91-7686-137-6, 0280-4174, 91-22-01931-6, ISSN 0283-6874},
  issn         = {0280-4174},
  keyword      = {medeltida urbanisering,Bohuslän,Sverige,Norge,stad,Kungahälla},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {9--28},
  publisher    = {Bohusläns museums förlag},
  series       = {Kungahälla. Problem och forskning kring stadens äldsta historia. Skrifter utgivna av Bohusläns museum och Bohusläns hembygdsförbund nr 70, Lund Studies in Medieval Archaeology nr 28},
  title        = {Kungahällaprojektet - en bakgrundsteckning},
  year         = {2002},
}