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Palaeomagnetic intensity data: An Achilles heel of solar activity reconstructions

Snowball, Ian LU and Muscheler, Raimund LU (2007) In The Holocene 16(6). p.851-859
Abstract
Reconstructions of solar activity prior to AD1600 rely on estimates of the past production rates of cosmogenic radionuclides in the Earth’s atmosphere. These rates are modulated by the strength of the solar magnetic field and the intensity of the Earth’s geomagnetic dipole. One of the largest uncertainties associated with these reconstructions originates from palaeointensity data and to show how errors in palaeomagnetic data influence reconstructions of solar activity we present different radiocarbon based reconstructions of the solar magnetic modulation parameter (Φ) during the Holocene. We considered geomagnetic field changes according to (i) a global archaeomagnetic compilation, (ii) a geomagnetic field model covering the last 7000... (More)
Reconstructions of solar activity prior to AD1600 rely on estimates of the past production rates of cosmogenic radionuclides in the Earth’s atmosphere. These rates are modulated by the strength of the solar magnetic field and the intensity of the Earth’s geomagnetic dipole. One of the largest uncertainties associated with these reconstructions originates from palaeointensity data and to show how errors in palaeomagnetic data influence reconstructions of solar activity we present different radiocarbon based reconstructions of the solar magnetic modulation parameter (Φ) during the Holocene. We considered geomagnetic field changes according to (i) a global archaeomagnetic compilation, (ii) a geomagnetic field model covering the last 7000 years and (iii) a regional sediment relative palaeointensity record. Comparison between alternative solar modulation reconstructions shows that the uncertainties in palaeomagnetic data prevent us from making robust conclusions about solar variability at timescales longer than a few hundred years. Our analyses indicate that the geomagnetic dipole field dominates radiocarbon production at frequencies lower than 1/500 yr-1 although a combination of solar and magnetic modulation could apply to all time scales. Long-term trends depend on which palaeomagnetic data set is used for correction and there are additional unexplained differences between 10Be and 14C records that question results about long-term changes in solar activity. The higher resolution geomagnetic field records, which are usually very much smoothed in stacked records, also indicate that part of the shorter-term changes (~500 yr) in the radiocarbon production rate could be attributed to the geomagnetic dipole field. To test this theory and improve our knowledge of past solar activity a higher resolution palaeomagnetic reconstruction of geomagnetic dipole moment is required. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
palaeomagnetism, cosmogenic radionuclides, Holocene., solar activity
in
The Holocene
volume
16
issue
6
pages
851 - 859
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • wos:000250623100015
  • scopus:35649020203
ISSN
0959-6836
DOI
10.177/095968360708531
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
04af97e4-8441-4fe3-b97e-c04f216a83c1 (old id 627235)
date added to LUP
2007-12-13 15:04:21
date last changed
2017-08-27 03:58:15
@article{04af97e4-8441-4fe3-b97e-c04f216a83c1,
  abstract     = {Reconstructions of solar activity prior to AD1600 rely on estimates of the past production rates of cosmogenic radionuclides in the Earth’s atmosphere. These rates are modulated by the strength of the solar magnetic field and the intensity of the Earth’s geomagnetic dipole. One of the largest uncertainties associated with these reconstructions originates from palaeointensity data and to show how errors in palaeomagnetic data influence reconstructions of solar activity we present different radiocarbon based reconstructions of the solar magnetic modulation parameter (Φ) during the Holocene. We considered geomagnetic field changes according to (i) a global archaeomagnetic compilation, (ii) a geomagnetic field model covering the last 7000 years and (iii) a regional sediment relative palaeointensity record. Comparison between alternative solar modulation reconstructions shows that the uncertainties in palaeomagnetic data prevent us from making robust conclusions about solar variability at timescales longer than a few hundred years. Our analyses indicate that the geomagnetic dipole field dominates radiocarbon production at frequencies lower than 1/500 yr-1 although a combination of solar and magnetic modulation could apply to all time scales. Long-term trends depend on which palaeomagnetic data set is used for correction and there are additional unexplained differences between 10Be and 14C records that question results about long-term changes in solar activity. The higher resolution geomagnetic field records, which are usually very much smoothed in stacked records, also indicate that part of the shorter-term changes (~500 yr) in the radiocarbon production rate could be attributed to the geomagnetic dipole field. To test this theory and improve our knowledge of past solar activity a higher resolution palaeomagnetic reconstruction of geomagnetic dipole moment is required.},
  author       = {Snowball, Ian and Muscheler, Raimund},
  issn         = {0959-6836},
  keyword      = {palaeomagnetism,cosmogenic radionuclides,Holocene.,solar activity},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {851--859},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {The Holocene},
  title        = {Palaeomagnetic intensity data: An Achilles heel of solar activity reconstructions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.177/095968360708531},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2007},
}