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Decrease of soil organic matter stabilization with increasing inputs : Mechanisms and controls

Shahbaz, Muhammad LU ; Kuzyakov, Yakov and Heitkamp, Felix (2017) In Geoderma 304. p.76-82
Abstract

Crop residue addition is a way to increase soil organic matter (SOM) level in croplands. However, organic matter input and SOM stocks are not linearly related. Consequently, adding high amounts of residues, such as straw, may increase SOM to only a small extent, and an alternative use of the residues may be justified. The objective of this study was to test how the level and type (above- or belowground) of residue addition affect SOM stabilization. We hypothesise that (1) root residues will be mineralised slower than leaf and stalk residues, (2) soil aggregate formation will increase with high additions, and (3) wheat residue addition will induce positive priming, with the magnitude depending on the residue level and type. Homogeneously... (More)

Crop residue addition is a way to increase soil organic matter (SOM) level in croplands. However, organic matter input and SOM stocks are not linearly related. Consequently, adding high amounts of residues, such as straw, may increase SOM to only a small extent, and an alternative use of the residues may be justified. The objective of this study was to test how the level and type (above- or belowground) of residue addition affect SOM stabilization. We hypothesise that (1) root residues will be mineralised slower than leaf and stalk residues, (2) soil aggregate formation will increase with high additions, and (3) wheat residue addition will induce positive priming, with the magnitude depending on the residue level and type. Homogeneously 13C-labelled wheat residues (leaves, stalks, roots) were added to a silt-loam soil at levels of 1.40 and 5.04 g DM kg− 1 and CO2 release and δ13C signature were measured over 64 days at 20 °C. Water-stable macroaggregates (> 250 μm), microaggregates (53–250 μm) and silt plus clay size fractions (< 53 μm) were separated and 13C incorporation from residue was quantified in each fraction after 64 days. Aggregate formation generally increased with added residue amount, but the proportion of residues occluded within aggregates decreased with increasing addition level. The occlusion of residues from aboveground biomass was more reduced with addition level than that of roots. Residue mineralisation increased with the addition level, but this increase was less for roots compared to stalks and leaves. Priming effects were similar between residue types and mainly depended on the added amount: SOM mineralisation increased by 50% and 90% at low and high addition levels, respectively. We conclude that the proportion of residues physically protected within aggregates decreases and priming effects increase with increasing C input leading to decreasing rate of long-term C stabilization within SOM by increasing residue addition.

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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
keywords
Carbon sequestration, Priming effect, Root mineralisation, Soil organic matter, Straw residue, Water stable aggregates
in
Geoderma
volume
304
pages
76 - 82
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84973861019
ISSN
0016-7061
DOI
10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.05.019
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
629eeebb-3c0c-42a1-bf01-8b6fa589c159
date added to LUP
2019-10-23 12:38:20
date last changed
2019-12-03 02:20:07
@article{629eeebb-3c0c-42a1-bf01-8b6fa589c159,
  abstract     = {<p>Crop residue addition is a way to increase soil organic matter (SOM) level in croplands. However, organic matter input and SOM stocks are not linearly related. Consequently, adding high amounts of residues, such as straw, may increase SOM to only a small extent, and an alternative use of the residues may be justified. The objective of this study was to test how the level and type (above- or belowground) of residue addition affect SOM stabilization. We hypothesise that (1) root residues will be mineralised slower than leaf and stalk residues, (2) soil aggregate formation will increase with high additions, and (3) wheat residue addition will induce positive priming, with the magnitude depending on the residue level and type. Homogeneously <sup>13</sup>C-labelled wheat residues (leaves, stalks, roots) were added to a silt-loam soil at levels of 1.40 and 5.04 g DM kg<sup>− 1</sup> and CO<sub>2</sub> release and δ<sup>13</sup>C signature were measured over 64 days at 20 °C. Water-stable macroaggregates (&gt; 250 μm), microaggregates (53–250 μm) and silt plus clay size fractions (&lt; 53 μm) were separated and <sup>13</sup>C incorporation from residue was quantified in each fraction after 64 days. Aggregate formation generally increased with added residue amount, but the proportion of residues occluded within aggregates decreased with increasing addition level. The occlusion of residues from aboveground biomass was more reduced with addition level than that of roots. Residue mineralisation increased with the addition level, but this increase was less for roots compared to stalks and leaves. Priming effects were similar between residue types and mainly depended on the added amount: SOM mineralisation increased by 50% and 90% at low and high addition levels, respectively. We conclude that the proportion of residues physically protected within aggregates decreases and priming effects increase with increasing C input leading to decreasing rate of long-term C stabilization within SOM by increasing residue addition.</p>},
  author       = {Shahbaz, Muhammad and Kuzyakov, Yakov and Heitkamp, Felix},
  issn         = {0016-7061},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  pages        = {76--82},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Geoderma},
  title        = {Decrease of soil organic matter stabilization with increasing inputs : Mechanisms and controls},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.05.019},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.05.019},
  volume       = {304},
  year         = {2017},
}