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Comparison of thermal manikins of male and female body shapes

Kuklane, Kalev LU ; Sandsund, Mariann; Reinertsen, Randi Eidsmo and Holmér, Ingvar LU (2003) 5th International Meeting on Thermal Manikin and Modelling (5I3M) In [Host publication title missing]
Abstract
During Subzero project there were observed some differences between different manikins. In order to study the differences closer complementary measurements were carried out on 2 manikins representing male and female body shapes.

Comparison was carried out based on:

• tight versus loose clothing;

• serial versus parallel calculation model;

• even versus uneven clothing (insulation) distribution;

• effect of donning clothes.

In order to do the comparison and eliminate several uncertainties both manikins were tested at the same lab. The garments with right fit were chosen and the manikins were dressed in a same way. The tests were carried out simultaneously on both manikins at +5 °C and... (More)
During Subzero project there were observed some differences between different manikins. In order to study the differences closer complementary measurements were carried out on 2 manikins representing male and female body shapes.

Comparison was carried out based on:

• tight versus loose clothing;

• serial versus parallel calculation model;

• even versus uneven clothing (insulation) distribution;

• effect of donning clothes.

In order to do the comparison and eliminate several uncertainties both manikins were tested at the same lab. The garments with right fit were chosen and the manikins were dressed in a same way. The tests were carried out simultaneously on both manikins at +5 °C and <0,3 m/s, and the same calculation and data control routine was used.

There were observed differences between female and male manikins depending on body shape and fit. However, the differences laid within the range that was observed within Subzero project and were comparable with differences within manikins of male body shape Manikins behaved differently to clothing adjustments. Tight clothes allowed less difference. The differences were more pronounced when using serial than parallel calculation method. Effect of donning clothes was more pronounced within serial model. Results from serial and parallel models differed more if insulation was unevenly distributed (30 % versus 14 %). (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
body shape, manikin, insulation distribution, calculation model, thermal insulation
in
[Host publication title missing]
editor
Candas, Victor and
pages
4 pages
publisher
CEPA, Strasbourg, France
conference name
5th International Meeting on Thermal Manikin and Modelling (5I3M)
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4583eea0-9dc2-402e-ace3-d10ea7556318 (old id 631689)
date added to LUP
2008-05-20 14:15:10
date last changed
2016-04-16 09:46:36
@inproceedings{4583eea0-9dc2-402e-ace3-d10ea7556318,
  abstract     = {During Subzero project there were observed some differences between different manikins. In order to study the differences closer complementary measurements were carried out on 2 manikins representing male and female body shapes.<br/><br>
Comparison was carried out based on:<br/><br>
• tight versus loose clothing;<br/><br>
• serial versus parallel calculation model;<br/><br>
• even versus uneven clothing (insulation) distribution;<br/><br>
• effect of donning clothes.<br/><br>
In order to do the comparison and eliminate several uncertainties both manikins were tested at the same lab. The garments with right fit were chosen and the manikins were dressed in a same way. The tests were carried out simultaneously on both manikins at +5 °C and &lt;0,3 m/s, and the same calculation and data control routine was used.<br/><br>
There were observed differences between female and male manikins depending on body shape and fit. However, the differences laid within the range that was observed within Subzero project and were comparable with differences within manikins of male body shape Manikins behaved differently to clothing adjustments. Tight clothes allowed less difference. The differences were more pronounced when using serial than parallel calculation method. Effect of donning clothes was more pronounced within serial model. Results from serial and parallel models differed more if insulation was unevenly distributed (30 % versus 14 %).},
  author       = {Kuklane, Kalev and Sandsund, Mariann and Reinertsen, Randi Eidsmo and Holmér, Ingvar},
  booktitle    = {[Host publication title missing]},
  editor       = {Candas, Victor},
  keyword      = {body shape,manikin,insulation distribution,calculation model,thermal insulation},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {4},
  publisher    = {CEPA, Strasbourg, France},
  title        = {Comparison of thermal manikins of male and female body shapes},
  year         = {2003},
}