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Datorsimulering av utrymning vid brand – inventering av tre angreppssätt

Nilsson, Daniel LU (2007) In LUTVDG/TVBB--3142--SE 3142.
Abstract
Three approaches for modelling evacuation in the event of fire were studied based on existing computer programs. The programs included in the study were ERM, EVACNET4, STEPS, buildingEXODUS and SIMULEX. However, only some aspects of buildingEXODUS were examined. The three approaches, called network models (ERM and EVACNET4), gridmodels (STEPS and buildingEXOUDUS) and particle models (SIMULEX) differ in the way movement is modelled. In the study it was examined how movement of people in the building, through openings and in stairs can be modelled for the studied approaches. It was also investigated how high population densities can be taken into account and how a delay period before movement can be incorporated in the models. The pros and... (More)
Three approaches for modelling evacuation in the event of fire were studied based on existing computer programs. The programs included in the study were ERM, EVACNET4, STEPS, buildingEXODUS and SIMULEX. However, only some aspects of buildingEXODUS were examined. The three approaches, called network models (ERM and EVACNET4), gridmodels (STEPS and buildingEXOUDUS) and particle models (SIMULEX) differ in the way movement is modelled. In the study it was examined how movement of people in the building, through openings and in stairs can be modelled for the studied approaches. It was also investigated how high population densities can be taken into account and how a delay period before movement can be incorporated in the models. The pros and cons associated with the three approaches are highlighted in the present report. I addition, recommendations concerning the design of future computer programs for simulating evacuation are presented. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Book/Report
publication status
published
subject
keywords
EVACNET4, ERM, computer models, Evacuation, STEPS, SIMULEX.
in
LUTVDG/TVBB--3142--SE
volume
3142
pages
28 pages
publisher
Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety
ISSN
1402-3504
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
03753e9f-6ec2-4bcb-8258-6e980e54468f (old id 637658)
date added to LUP
2007-11-30 09:39:46
date last changed
2016-04-16 05:13:47
@techreport{03753e9f-6ec2-4bcb-8258-6e980e54468f,
  abstract     = {Three approaches for modelling evacuation in the event of fire were studied based on existing computer programs. The programs included in the study were ERM, EVACNET4, STEPS, buildingEXODUS and SIMULEX. However, only some aspects of buildingEXODUS were examined. The three approaches, called network models (ERM and EVACNET4), gridmodels (STEPS and buildingEXOUDUS) and particle models (SIMULEX) differ in the way movement is modelled. In the study it was examined how movement of people in the building, through openings and in stairs can be modelled for the studied approaches. It was also investigated how high population densities can be taken into account and how a delay period before movement can be incorporated in the models. The pros and cons associated with the three approaches are highlighted in the present report. I addition, recommendations concerning the design of future computer programs for simulating evacuation are presented.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Daniel},
  institution  = {Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety},
  issn         = {1402-3504},
  keyword      = {EVACNET4,ERM,computer models,Evacuation,STEPS,SIMULEX.},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {28},
  series       = {LUTVDG/TVBB--3142--SE},
  title        = {Datorsimulering av utrymning vid brand – inventering av tre angreppssätt},
  volume       = {3142},
  year         = {2007},
}