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Evaluation of hydrocarbon emissions from heart- and sapwood of Scots pine using a laboratory-scale wood drier

Bengtsson, P and Sanati, Mehri LU (2004) In Holzforschung 58(6). p.660-665
Abstract
The subject of study is the emission of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) during the drying of wood. Heartwood and sapwood from Scots pine were dried at different temperatures (50, 70 and 90°C) in a laboratory kiln. The sampling method, Solid Phase Microextraction was used to collect the different volatile organic compounds during the drying. The gas chromatograph and mass spectrometer was used to identify and quantify the organic matter. The total hydrocarbons were measured with a flame ionization detector. Primarily, different monoterpenes were released during the drying process. 3-carene and α-pinene were most common and were also analytically quantified. The diterpene, pimaral, was found in an estimated large amount in the later stage... (More)
The subject of study is the emission of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) during the drying of wood. Heartwood and sapwood from Scots pine were dried at different temperatures (50, 70 and 90°C) in a laboratory kiln. The sampling method, Solid Phase Microextraction was used to collect the different volatile organic compounds during the drying. The gas chromatograph and mass spectrometer was used to identify and quantify the organic matter. The total hydrocarbons were measured with a flame ionization detector. Primarily, different monoterpenes were released during the drying process. 3-carene and α-pinene were most common and were also analytically quantified. The diterpene, pimaral, was found in an estimated large amount in the later stage of the drying process but was not exactly quantified. Large differences in both release behaviour and total amount of released hydrocarbon between heart- and sapwood were obtained. Emissions of VOC from heartwood were of a magnitude approximately three times higher than that from sapwood. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
volatile organic compounds (VOC), SPME, Scots pine, sapwood, heartwood, Emission, drying
in
Holzforschung
volume
58
issue
6
pages
660 - 665
publisher
De Gruyter
external identifiers
  • scopus:8344229903
ISSN
1437-434X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e69b59c7-9fc5-440c-99c7-9419a667a748 (old id 644661)
alternative location
http://www.atypon-link.com/WDG/doi/pdfplus/10.1515/HF.2004.120
http://www.atypon-link.com/WDG/doi/pdf/10.1515/HF.2004.120?cookieSet=1
date added to LUP
2008-02-07 09:35:26
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:35:35
@article{e69b59c7-9fc5-440c-99c7-9419a667a748,
  abstract     = {The subject of study is the emission of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) during the drying of wood. Heartwood and sapwood from Scots pine were dried at different temperatures (50, 70 and 90°C) in a laboratory kiln. The sampling method, Solid Phase Microextraction was used to collect the different volatile organic compounds during the drying. The gas chromatograph and mass spectrometer was used to identify and quantify the organic matter. The total hydrocarbons were measured with a flame ionization detector. Primarily, different monoterpenes were released during the drying process. 3-carene and α-pinene were most common and were also analytically quantified. The diterpene, pimaral, was found in an estimated large amount in the later stage of the drying process but was not exactly quantified. Large differences in both release behaviour and total amount of released hydrocarbon between heart- and sapwood were obtained. Emissions of VOC from heartwood were of a magnitude approximately three times higher than that from sapwood.},
  author       = {Bengtsson, P and Sanati, Mehri},
  issn         = {1437-434X},
  keyword      = {volatile organic compounds (VOC),SPME,Scots pine,sapwood,heartwood,Emission,drying},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {660--665},
  publisher    = {De Gruyter},
  series       = {Holzforschung},
  title        = {Evaluation of hydrocarbon emissions from heart- and sapwood of Scots pine using a laboratory-scale wood drier},
  volume       = {58},
  year         = {2004},
}