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The release of organic compounds during biomass drying depends upon the feedstock and/or altering drying heating medium

Rupar, Katarina and Sanati, Mehri LU (2003) In BIOMASS & BIOENERGY 25(6). p.615-622
Abstract
The release of organic compounds during the drying of biomass is a potential environmental problem, it may contribute to air pollution or eutrophication. In many countries there are legal restrictions on the amounts of terpenes that may be released into the atmosphere. When considering bioenergy in future energy systems, it is important that information on the environmental effects is available. The emissions of organic compounds from different green and dried biofuels that have been dried in hot air and steam medium, were analyzed by using different techniques. Gas chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry have been used to identify the organic matter. The terpene content was significantly affected by the following factors:... (More)
The release of organic compounds during the drying of biomass is a potential environmental problem, it may contribute to air pollution or eutrophication. In many countries there are legal restrictions on the amounts of terpenes that may be released into the atmosphere. When considering bioenergy in future energy systems, it is important that information on the environmental effects is available. The emissions of organic compounds from different green and dried biofuels that have been dried in hot air and steam medium, were analyzed by using different techniques. Gas chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry have been used to identify the organic matter. The terpene content was significantly affected by the following factors: changing of the drying medium and the way the same biomass was handled from different localities in Sweden. Comparison between spectra from dried and green fuels reveal that the main compounds emitted during drying are monoterpene and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, while the emissions of diterpene hydrocarbons seem to be negligible. The relative proportionality between emitted monoterpene, diterpene and sesquiterpene change when the drying medium shifts from steam to hot air. The obtained result of this work implies a parameter optimization study of the dryer with regard to environmental impact. With assistance of this result it might be foreseen that choice of special drying medium, diversity of biomass and low temperature reduce the emissions. A thermo-gravimetric analyzer was used for investigating the biomass drying rate. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
volatile organic compounds, terpenes, biomass drying, organic emission, gas chromatography, TGA
in
BIOMASS & BIOENERGY
volume
25
issue
6
pages
615 - 622
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0041408877
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4e81b04e-c376-48bb-91cf-61405d86a8aa (old id 644666)
date added to LUP
2009-03-18 12:58:03
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:08:02
@article{4e81b04e-c376-48bb-91cf-61405d86a8aa,
  abstract     = {The release of organic compounds during the drying of biomass is a potential environmental problem, it may contribute to air pollution or eutrophication. In many countries there are legal restrictions on the amounts of terpenes that may be released into the atmosphere. When considering bioenergy in future energy systems, it is important that information on the environmental effects is available. The emissions of organic compounds from different green and dried biofuels that have been dried in hot air and steam medium, were analyzed by using different techniques. Gas chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry have been used to identify the organic matter. The terpene content was significantly affected by the following factors: changing of the drying medium and the way the same biomass was handled from different localities in Sweden. Comparison between spectra from dried and green fuels reveal that the main compounds emitted during drying are monoterpene and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, while the emissions of diterpene hydrocarbons seem to be negligible. The relative proportionality between emitted monoterpene, diterpene and sesquiterpene change when the drying medium shifts from steam to hot air. The obtained result of this work implies a parameter optimization study of the dryer with regard to environmental impact. With assistance of this result it might be foreseen that choice of special drying medium, diversity of biomass and low temperature reduce the emissions. A thermo-gravimetric analyzer was used for investigating the biomass drying rate.},
  author       = {Rupar, Katarina and Sanati, Mehri},
  keyword      = {volatile organic compounds,terpenes,biomass drying,organic emission,gas chromatography,TGA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {615--622},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {BIOMASS & BIOENERGY},
  title        = {The release of organic compounds during biomass drying depends upon the feedstock and/or altering drying heating medium},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2003},
}