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Survival and future need of long-term oxygen therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - gender differences

Franklin, Karl A.; Gustafson, Torbjorn; Ranstam, Jonas LU and Strom, Kerstin (2007) In Respiratory Medicine 101(7). p.1506-1511
Abstract
We aimed to study trends in gender-related differences in incidence, and prevalence for tong-term oxygen therapy due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Another aim was to study survival after onset of oxygen therapy. Prospectively followed were 5689 Swedish patients, who were prescribed oxygen therapy because of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease from 1987 to 2000. The annual incidence of women starting oxygen therapy increased more rapidly than that in men. In 2000, 7.6 per 100,000 women started treatment compared with 7.1 in men. The frequency of ever smoking in Sweden in the age group receiving oxygen, i.e. age 65-84 years, was 36.4% in women and 65.0% in men, indicating that women ran a higher risk of developing an... (More)
We aimed to study trends in gender-related differences in incidence, and prevalence for tong-term oxygen therapy due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Another aim was to study survival after onset of oxygen therapy. Prospectively followed were 5689 Swedish patients, who were prescribed oxygen therapy because of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease from 1987 to 2000. The annual incidence of women starting oxygen therapy increased more rapidly than that in men. In 2000, 7.6 per 100,000 women started treatment compared with 7.1 in men. The frequency of ever smoking in Sweden in the age group receiving oxygen, i.e. age 65-84 years, was 36.4% in women and 65.0% in men, indicating that women ran a higher risk of developing an oxygen-requiring chronic hypoxaemia. An increase in women requiring oxygen therapy is predicted due to the increase in smoking frequency in young and middle-aged women and it is estimated that about 70% of Swedish patients on oxygen in 2026 will be women, with an estimated prevalence of 61 per 100,000. In conclusion, the incidence and prevalence for tong-term oxygen therapy increases more rapidly among women than in men. This is probably due to the increased frequency of smoking in women compared with men and a higher susceptibility to develop severe hypoxaemia in women. The survival is better in women with long-term oxygen therapy than in men. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
mortality, therapy, long-term oxygen, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, gender, survival, smoking
in
Respiratory Medicine
volume
101
issue
7
pages
1506 - 1511
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000247765900020
  • scopus:34249727902
ISSN
1532-3064
DOI
10.1016/j.rmed.2007.01.009
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9bab931f-79da-4de6-83e9-d7ef3a1d4855 (old id 646157)
date added to LUP
2007-12-10 14:09:02
date last changed
2017-11-12 03:52:24
@article{9bab931f-79da-4de6-83e9-d7ef3a1d4855,
  abstract     = {We aimed to study trends in gender-related differences in incidence, and prevalence for tong-term oxygen therapy due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Another aim was to study survival after onset of oxygen therapy. Prospectively followed were 5689 Swedish patients, who were prescribed oxygen therapy because of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease from 1987 to 2000. The annual incidence of women starting oxygen therapy increased more rapidly than that in men. In 2000, 7.6 per 100,000 women started treatment compared with 7.1 in men. The frequency of ever smoking in Sweden in the age group receiving oxygen, i.e. age 65-84 years, was 36.4% in women and 65.0% in men, indicating that women ran a higher risk of developing an oxygen-requiring chronic hypoxaemia. An increase in women requiring oxygen therapy is predicted due to the increase in smoking frequency in young and middle-aged women and it is estimated that about 70% of Swedish patients on oxygen in 2026 will be women, with an estimated prevalence of 61 per 100,000. In conclusion, the incidence and prevalence for tong-term oxygen therapy increases more rapidly among women than in men. This is probably due to the increased frequency of smoking in women compared with men and a higher susceptibility to develop severe hypoxaemia in women. The survival is better in women with long-term oxygen therapy than in men. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Franklin, Karl A. and Gustafson, Torbjorn and Ranstam, Jonas and Strom, Kerstin},
  issn         = {1532-3064},
  keyword      = {mortality,therapy,long-term oxygen,chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,gender,survival,smoking},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1506--1511},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Respiratory Medicine},
  title        = {Survival and future need of long-term oxygen therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - gender differences},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2007.01.009},
  volume       = {101},
  year         = {2007},
}