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Civil Aircraft for the regular investigation of the atmosphere based on an instrumented container: The new CARIBIC system

Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.; Crutzen, P.; Boumard, F.; Dauer, T.; Dix, B.; Ebinghaus, R.; Filippi, D.; Fischer, H.; Franke, H. and Friess, U., et al. (2007) In Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 7(18). p.4953-4976
Abstract
An airfreight container with automated instruments for measurement of atmospheric gases and trace compounds was operated on a monthly basis onboard a Boeing 767-300 ER of LTU International Airways during long-distance flights from 1997 to 2002 (CARIBIC, Civil Aircraft for Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container, http://www.caribic-atmospheric.com). Subsequently a more advanced system has been developed, using a larger capacity container with additional equipment and an improved inlet system. CARIBIC phase #2 was implemented on a new long-range aircraft type Airbus A340-600 of the Lufthansa German Airlines (Star Alliance) in December 2004, creating a powerful flying observatory. The instrument package... (More)
An airfreight container with automated instruments for measurement of atmospheric gases and trace compounds was operated on a monthly basis onboard a Boeing 767-300 ER of LTU International Airways during long-distance flights from 1997 to 2002 (CARIBIC, Civil Aircraft for Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container, http://www.caribic-atmospheric.com). Subsequently a more advanced system has been developed, using a larger capacity container with additional equipment and an improved inlet system. CARIBIC phase #2 was implemented on a new long-range aircraft type Airbus A340-600 of the Lufthansa German Airlines (Star Alliance) in December 2004, creating a powerful flying observatory. The instrument package comprises detectors for the measurement of O-3, total and gaseous H2O, NO and NOy, CO, CO2, O-2, Hg, and number concentrations of sub-micrometer particles (>4 nm, >12 nm, and >18 nm diameter). Furthermore, an optical particle counter (OPC) and a proton transfer mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) are incorporated. Aerosol samples are collected for analysis of elemental composition and particle morphology after flight. Air samples are taken in glass containers for laboratory analyses of hydrocarbons, halocarbons and greenhouse gases (including isotopic composition of CO2) in several laboratories. Absorption tubes collect oxygenated volatile organic compounds. Three differential optical absorption spectrometers (DOAS) with their telescopes mounted in the inlet system measure atmospheric trace gases such as BrO, HONO, and NO2. A video camera mounted in the inlet provides information about clouds along the flight track. The flying observatory, its equipment and examples of measurement results are reported. (Less)
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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
volume
7
issue
18
pages
4953 - 4976
publisher
Copernicus Gesellschaft Mbh
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  • wos:000249785700013
  • scopus:34250733295
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1680-7324
language
English
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c866f1fd-21d8-48da-be7f-b31abe81911f (old id 656219)
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2007-12-05 12:56:25
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@article{c866f1fd-21d8-48da-be7f-b31abe81911f,
  abstract     = {An airfreight container with automated instruments for measurement of atmospheric gases and trace compounds was operated on a monthly basis onboard a Boeing 767-300 ER of LTU International Airways during long-distance flights from 1997 to 2002 (CARIBIC, Civil Aircraft for Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container, http://www.caribic-atmospheric.com). Subsequently a more advanced system has been developed, using a larger capacity container with additional equipment and an improved inlet system. CARIBIC phase #2 was implemented on a new long-range aircraft type Airbus A340-600 of the Lufthansa German Airlines (Star Alliance) in December 2004, creating a powerful flying observatory. The instrument package comprises detectors for the measurement of O-3, total and gaseous H2O, NO and NOy, CO, CO2, O-2, Hg, and number concentrations of sub-micrometer particles (>4 nm, >12 nm, and >18 nm diameter). Furthermore, an optical particle counter (OPC) and a proton transfer mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) are incorporated. Aerosol samples are collected for analysis of elemental composition and particle morphology after flight. Air samples are taken in glass containers for laboratory analyses of hydrocarbons, halocarbons and greenhouse gases (including isotopic composition of CO2) in several laboratories. Absorption tubes collect oxygenated volatile organic compounds. Three differential optical absorption spectrometers (DOAS) with their telescopes mounted in the inlet system measure atmospheric trace gases such as BrO, HONO, and NO2. A video camera mounted in the inlet provides information about clouds along the flight track. The flying observatory, its equipment and examples of measurement results are reported.},
  author       = {Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M. and Crutzen, P. and Boumard, F. and Dauer, T. and Dix, B. and Ebinghaus, R. and Filippi, D. and Fischer, H. and Franke, H. and Friess, U. and Heintzenberg, J. and Helleis, F. and Hermann, M. and Kock, H. H. and Koeppel, C. and Lelieveld, J. and Leuenberger, M. and Martinsson, Bengt and Miemczyk, S. and Moret, H. P. and Nguyen Ngoc, Hung and Nyfeler, P. and Oram, D. and O'Sullivan, D. and Penkett, S. and Platt, U. and Pupek, M. and Ramonet, M. and Randa, B. and Reichelt, M. and Rhee, T. S. and Rohwer, J. and Rosenfeld, K. and Scharffe, D. and Schlager, H. and Schumann, U. and Slemr, F. and Sprung, D. and Stock, P. and Thaler, R. and Valentino, F. and van Velthoven, P. and Waibel, A. and Wandel, A. and Waschitschek, K. and Wiedensohler, A. and Xueref-Remy, I. and Zahn, A. and Zech, U. and Ziereis, H.},
  issn         = {1680-7324},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {18},
  pages        = {4953--4976},
  publisher    = {Copernicus Gesellschaft Mbh},
  series       = {Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics},
  title        = {Civil Aircraft for the regular investigation of the atmosphere based on an instrumented container: The new CARIBIC system},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2007},
}