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Effect of local anaesthetics on wound healing - An experimental study with special reference to Carbocain

Nilsson, Eric and Wendeberg, Bo LU (2007) In Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 51(8). p.991-1003
Abstract
Recent research has improved the possibilities of assessing the influence of various factors on wound healing. Thus, PH. SANDBLOM (1944)(4), PH. SANDBLOM and A. MUREN (1953, 1954)(6,7) and B. ZEDERFELDT (1957)(8) and others have elucidated the effect of technical, local and physiological factors on the rate of healing of skin wounds. It has been shown (e.g. by B. ZEDERFELDT (1957)(8)) that various types of distant trauma retard healing, G. BJORLIN (1954)(2), who investigated the effect of local anaesthesia in the operative field, found this effect to vary considerably with the type of anaesthetic used. He also demonstrated considerable differences between a given anaesthetic solution with and without admixture of adrenaline. B. AF EKENSTAM... (More)
Recent research has improved the possibilities of assessing the influence of various factors on wound healing. Thus, PH. SANDBLOM (1944)(4), PH. SANDBLOM and A. MUREN (1953, 1954)(6,7) and B. ZEDERFELDT (1957)(8) and others have elucidated the effect of technical, local and physiological factors on the rate of healing of skin wounds. It has been shown (e.g. by B. ZEDERFELDT (1957)(8)) that various types of distant trauma retard healing, G. BJORLIN (1954)(2), who investigated the effect of local anaesthesia in the operative field, found this effect to vary considerably with the type of anaesthetic used. He also demonstrated considerable differences between a given anaesthetic solution with and without admixture of adrenaline. B. AF EKENSTAM et. al. (1956)(3) presented the results of the first clinical trial of a new local anaesthetic, Carbocain (R), belonging to a type of chemical compounds which had until then not been known to possess any local anaesthetic effect. It belongs to a group of cyclic acids with pipecolic acid as its acid component. The nitrogen in the piperidin ring is methylated and its aromatic component consists of a bond with the dimethyl analide, and its aromatic component is bonded to the dimethyl. The base is not readily dissolved in water, but is highly soluble and stable in aqueous solutions of hydrochlorides. As to the toxicity of the substance, B. AF EKENSTAM et. al. (1956)(3) found it to compare favourably with that of procaine and lignocaine. G. BJORLIN (1954)(2) found that the use of lignocaine retarded wound healing more than did procaine in corresponding concentrations. This difference was statistically significant. He also found that admixture of adrenaline to the anaesthetic solution delayed wound healing. The retarding effect of a local anaesthetic on the rate of wound healing can be taken as a measure of the local toxicity of the agent. The toxic effect may by composed of various components, such as a direct toxic action on the cells with disturbed scar formation as a, consequence, or vascular constriction in the region involved, with consequent ischaemia disturbing the healing process. The purpose of the present investigation was to assess the tissue toxicity of carbocain in comparison with that of procaine and lignocaine. (Less)
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
volume
51
issue
8
pages
991 - 1003
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000248667600007
  • scopus:35548967586
ISSN
0001-5172
DOI
10.1111/j.1399-6576.2007.01400.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
37bf57fa-633a-420f-8a78-a030112af787 (old id 656861)
date added to LUP
2007-12-14 16:17:46
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2017-01-01 05:04:44
@article{37bf57fa-633a-420f-8a78-a030112af787,
  abstract     = {Recent research has improved the possibilities of assessing the influence of various factors on wound healing. Thus, PH. SANDBLOM (1944)(4), PH. SANDBLOM and A. MUREN (1953, 1954)(6,7) and B. ZEDERFELDT (1957)(8) and others have elucidated the effect of technical, local and physiological factors on the rate of healing of skin wounds. It has been shown (e.g. by B. ZEDERFELDT (1957)(8)) that various types of distant trauma retard healing, G. BJORLIN (1954)(2), who investigated the effect of local anaesthesia in the operative field, found this effect to vary considerably with the type of anaesthetic used. He also demonstrated considerable differences between a given anaesthetic solution with and without admixture of adrenaline. B. AF EKENSTAM et. al. (1956)(3) presented the results of the first clinical trial of a new local anaesthetic, Carbocain (R), belonging to a type of chemical compounds which had until then not been known to possess any local anaesthetic effect. It belongs to a group of cyclic acids with pipecolic acid as its acid component. The nitrogen in the piperidin ring is methylated and its aromatic component consists of a bond with the dimethyl analide, and its aromatic component is bonded to the dimethyl. The base is not readily dissolved in water, but is highly soluble and stable in aqueous solutions of hydrochlorides. As to the toxicity of the substance, B. AF EKENSTAM et. al. (1956)(3) found it to compare favourably with that of procaine and lignocaine. G. BJORLIN (1954)(2) found that the use of lignocaine retarded wound healing more than did procaine in corresponding concentrations. This difference was statistically significant. He also found that admixture of adrenaline to the anaesthetic solution delayed wound healing. The retarding effect of a local anaesthetic on the rate of wound healing can be taken as a measure of the local toxicity of the agent. The toxic effect may by composed of various components, such as a direct toxic action on the cells with disturbed scar formation as a, consequence, or vascular constriction in the region involved, with consequent ischaemia disturbing the healing process. The purpose of the present investigation was to assess the tissue toxicity of carbocain in comparison with that of procaine and lignocaine.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Eric and Wendeberg, Bo},
  issn         = {0001-5172},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {991--1003},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica},
  title        = {Effect of local anaesthetics on wound healing - An experimental study with special reference to Carbocain},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-6576.2007.01400.x},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2007},
}