Advanced

Labour and landscapes: The political economy of landesque capital in nineteenth century tanganyika

Håkansson, Thomas LU and Mats, Widgren (2007) In Geografiska Annaler. Series B. Human Geography 89B(3). p.233-248
Abstract
In a long-term and global perspective irrigated and terraced landscapes, landesque capital, have often been assumed to be closely associated with hierarchical political systems. However, research is accumulating that shows how kinship-based societies (including small chiefdoms) have also been responsible for constructing landesque capital without population pressure. We examine the political economy of landesque capital through the intersections of decentralized politics and regional economies. A crucial question guiding our research is why some kinship-based societies chose to invest their labour in landesque capital while others did not. Our analysis is based on a detailed examination of four relatively densely populated communities in... (More)
In a long-term and global perspective irrigated and terraced landscapes, landesque capital, have often been assumed to be closely associated with hierarchical political systems. However, research is accumulating that shows how kinship-based societies (including small chiefdoms) have also been responsible for constructing landesque capital without population pressure. We examine the political economy of landesque capital through the intersections of decentralized politics and regional economies. A crucial question guiding our research is why some kinship-based societies chose to invest their labour in landesque capital while others did not. Our analysis is based on a detailed examination of four relatively densely populated communities in late pre-colonial and early colonial Tanzania. By analysing labour processes as contingent and separate from political types of generalized economic systems over time we can identify the causal factors that direct labour and thus landscape formation as a process. The general conclusion of our investigation is that landesque investments occurred in cases where agriculture was the main source of longterm wealth flow irrespective of whether or not hierarchical political systems were present. However, while this factor may be a necessary condition it is nota sufficient cause. In the cases we examined, the configurations of world-systems connections and local social and economic circumstances combined to either produce investments in landesque capital or to pursue short-term strategies of extraction. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
political-ecology, pre-colonial, landesque, exchange, capital, Tanzania
in
Geografiska Annaler. Series B. Human Geography
volume
89B
issue
3
pages
233 - 248
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000248915400004
  • scopus:34547860515
ISSN
1468-0467
DOI
10.1111/j.1468-0467.2007.00251.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
85d443ae-2ce6-4cf7-a636-186e7eb62453 (old id 657357)
date added to LUP
2007-12-10 16:29:54
date last changed
2017-10-22 04:40:42
@article{85d443ae-2ce6-4cf7-a636-186e7eb62453,
  abstract     = {In a long-term and global perspective irrigated and terraced landscapes, landesque capital, have often been assumed to be closely associated with hierarchical political systems. However, research is accumulating that shows how kinship-based societies (including small chiefdoms) have also been responsible for constructing landesque capital without population pressure. We examine the political economy of landesque capital through the intersections of decentralized politics and regional economies. A crucial question guiding our research is why some kinship-based societies chose to invest their labour in landesque capital while others did not. Our analysis is based on a detailed examination of four relatively densely populated communities in late pre-colonial and early colonial Tanzania. By analysing labour processes as contingent and separate from political types of generalized economic systems over time we can identify the causal factors that direct labour and thus landscape formation as a process. The general conclusion of our investigation is that landesque investments occurred in cases where agriculture was the main source of longterm wealth flow irrespective of whether or not hierarchical political systems were present. However, while this factor may be a necessary condition it is nota sufficient cause. In the cases we examined, the configurations of world-systems connections and local social and economic circumstances combined to either produce investments in landesque capital or to pursue short-term strategies of extraction.},
  author       = {Håkansson, Thomas and Mats, Widgren},
  issn         = {1468-0467},
  keyword      = {political-ecology,pre-colonial,landesque,exchange,capital,Tanzania},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {233--248},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Geografiska Annaler. Series B. Human Geography},
  title        = {Labour and landscapes: The political economy of landesque capital in nineteenth century tanganyika},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0467.2007.00251.x},
  volume       = {89B},
  year         = {2007},
}