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The influence of alcohol drinking and alcohol use disorders on psychiatric disorders and suicidal behavior

Berglund, Mats LU and Öjehagen, Agneta LU (1998) In Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 22(Suppl 7). p.333-345
Abstract

The present review reports on the influence of alcohol drinking and alcohol use disorders on psychiatric disorders and suicidal behaviour. The base of the study was previous reviews of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism publication Alcohol and Health in 1993 and by Helgason in 1996. Using a defined search strategy in Medline, another 42 articles from 1994 to 1996 were included in the comorbidity part and 19 in the suicidal part. Epidemiological and clinical studies confirm high comorbidity of substance use disorders and other mental disorders. Alcohol abuse worsens the course of psychiatric disorders. Light to moderate alcohol consumption has no documented positive effect on the course. Levels of risk consumption of... (More)

The present review reports on the influence of alcohol drinking and alcohol use disorders on psychiatric disorders and suicidal behaviour. The base of the study was previous reviews of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism publication Alcohol and Health in 1993 and by Helgason in 1996. Using a defined search strategy in Medline, another 42 articles from 1994 to 1996 were included in the comorbidity part and 19 in the suicidal part. Epidemiological and clinical studies confirm high comorbidity of substance use disorders and other mental disorders. Alcohol abuse worsens the course of psychiatric disorders. Light to moderate alcohol consumption has no documented positive effect on the course. Levels of risk consumption of alcohol in psychiatric disorders have not been well defined. One-fifth to one-third of increased deaths rate among alcoholics is explained by suicide. In countries with high alcohol consumption, the suicide rate is also high and is increasing with total increased alcohol consumption. Comorbidity is common among suicide victims, and substance use disorders is most frequently combined with depressive disorders. Interpersonal loss within 6 weeks before suicide is more often present among alcoholics than nonalcoholic suicide victims.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Alcohol Drinking, Alcohol-Related Disorders, Comorbidity, Humans, Mental Disorders, Risk, Suicide, Journal Article, Review
in
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
volume
22
issue
Suppl 7
pages
333 - 345
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:0031687339
ISSN
0145-6008
DOI
10.1111/j.1530-0277.1998.tb04388.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
65c44b5e-b9be-4af9-8dce-81b8e1d751fb
date added to LUP
2017-01-01 16:00:29
date last changed
2017-10-22 05:24:35
@article{65c44b5e-b9be-4af9-8dce-81b8e1d751fb,
  abstract     = {<p>The present review reports on the influence of alcohol drinking and alcohol use disorders on psychiatric disorders and suicidal behaviour. The base of the study was previous reviews of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism publication Alcohol and Health in 1993 and by Helgason in 1996. Using a defined search strategy in Medline, another 42 articles from 1994 to 1996 were included in the comorbidity part and 19 in the suicidal part. Epidemiological and clinical studies confirm high comorbidity of substance use disorders and other mental disorders. Alcohol abuse worsens the course of psychiatric disorders. Light to moderate alcohol consumption has no documented positive effect on the course. Levels of risk consumption of alcohol in psychiatric disorders have not been well defined. One-fifth to one-third of increased deaths rate among alcoholics is explained by suicide. In countries with high alcohol consumption, the suicide rate is also high and is increasing with total increased alcohol consumption. Comorbidity is common among suicide victims, and substance use disorders is most frequently combined with depressive disorders. Interpersonal loss within 6 weeks before suicide is more often present among alcoholics than nonalcoholic suicide victims.</p>},
  author       = {Berglund, Mats and Öjehagen, Agneta},
  issn         = {0145-6008},
  keyword      = {Alcohol Drinking,Alcohol-Related Disorders,Comorbidity,Humans,Mental Disorders,Risk,Suicide,Journal Article,Review},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {Suppl 7},
  pages        = {333--345},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research},
  title        = {The influence of alcohol drinking and alcohol use disorders on psychiatric disorders and suicidal behavior},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.1998.tb04388.x},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {1998},
}