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Energy loss and flow of heavy quarks in Au+Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV

Adare, A.; Afanasiev, S.; Aidala, C.; Ajitanand, N. N.; Akiba, Y.; Al-Bataineh, H.; Alexander, J.; Al-Jamel, A.; Aoki, K. and Aphecetche, L., et al. (2007) In Physical Review Letters 98(17).
Abstract
The PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) has measured electrons with 0.3 < p(T) < 9 GeV/c at midrapidity (y < 0.35) from heavy-flavor (charm and bottom) decays in Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. The nuclear modification factor R-AA relative to p + p collisions shows a strong suppression in central Au + Au collisions, indicating substantial energy loss of heavy quarks in the medium produced at RHIC energies. A large azimuthal anisotropy v(2) with respect to the reaction plane is observed for 0.5 < p(T) < 5 GeV/c indicating substantial heavy-flavor elliptic flow. Both R-AA and v(2) show a p(T) dependence different from those of neutral pions. A comparison to transport models which... (More)
The PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) has measured electrons with 0.3 < p(T) < 9 GeV/c at midrapidity (y < 0.35) from heavy-flavor (charm and bottom) decays in Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. The nuclear modification factor R-AA relative to p + p collisions shows a strong suppression in central Au + Au collisions, indicating substantial energy loss of heavy quarks in the medium produced at RHIC energies. A large azimuthal anisotropy v(2) with respect to the reaction plane is observed for 0.5 < p(T) < 5 GeV/c indicating substantial heavy-flavor elliptic flow. Both R-AA and v(2) show a p(T) dependence different from those of neutral pions. A comparison to transport models which simultaneously describe R-AA(p(T)) and v(2)(p(T)) suggests that the viscosity to entropy density ratio is close to the conjectured quantum lower bound, i.e., near a perfect fluid. (Less)
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Physical Review Letters
volume
98
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17
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American Physical Society
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  • scopus:34247400755
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1079-7114
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.172301
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English
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2c08a74e-fbbe-4b17-9a9e-07c1e2e70744 (old id 661107)
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2007-12-11 10:13:32
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@article{2c08a74e-fbbe-4b17-9a9e-07c1e2e70744,
  abstract     = {The PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) has measured electrons with 0.3 &lt; p(T) &lt; 9 GeV/c at midrapidity (y &lt; 0.35) from heavy-flavor (charm and bottom) decays in Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. The nuclear modification factor R-AA relative to p + p collisions shows a strong suppression in central Au + Au collisions, indicating substantial energy loss of heavy quarks in the medium produced at RHIC energies. A large azimuthal anisotropy v(2) with respect to the reaction plane is observed for 0.5 &lt; p(T) &lt; 5 GeV/c indicating substantial heavy-flavor elliptic flow. Both R-AA and v(2) show a p(T) dependence different from those of neutral pions. A comparison to transport models which simultaneously describe R-AA(p(T)) and v(2)(p(T)) suggests that the viscosity to entropy density ratio is close to the conjectured quantum lower bound, i.e., near a perfect fluid.},
  articleno    = {172301},
  author       = {Adare, A. and Afanasiev, S. and Aidala, C. and Ajitanand, N. N. and Akiba, Y. and Al-Bataineh, H. and Alexander, J. and Al-Jamel, A. and Aoki, K. and Aphecetche, L. and Armendariz, R. and Aronson, S. H. and Asai, J. and Atomssa, E. T. and Averbeck, R. and Awes, T. C. and Azmoun, B. and Babintsev, V. and Baksay, G. and Baksay, L. and Baldisseri, A. and Barish, K. N. and Barnes, P. D. and Bassalleck, B. and Bathe, S. and Batsouli, S. and Baublis, V. and Bauer, F. and Bazilevsky, A. and Belikov, S. and Bennett, R. and Berdnikov, Y. and Bickley, A. A. and Bjorndal, M. T. and Boissevain, J. G. and Borel, H. and Boyle, K. and Brooks, M. L. and Brown, D. S. and Bucher, D. and Buesching, H. and Bumazhnov, V. and Bunce, G. and Burward-Hoy, J. M. and Butsyk, S. and Campbell, S. and Chai, J.-S. and Chang, B. S. and Charvet, J.-L. and Chernichenko, S. and Chiba, J. and Chi, C. Y. and Chiu, M. and Choi, I. J. and Chujo, T. and Chung, P. and Churyn, A. and Cianciolo, V. and Cleven, C. R. and Cobigo, Y. and Cole, B. A. and Comets, M. P. and Constantin, P. and Csanad, M. and Csoergo, T. and Dahms, T. and Das, K. and David, G. and Deaton, M. B. and Dehmelt, K. and Delagrange, H. and Denisov, A. and d'Enterria, D. and Deshpande, A. and Desmond, E. J. and Dietzsch, O. and Dion, A. and Donadelli, M. and Drachenberg, J. L. and Drapier, O. and Drees, A. and Dubey, A. K. and Durum, A. and Dzhordzhadze, V. and Efremenko, Y. V. and Egdemir, J. and Ellinghaus, F. and Emam, W. S. and Enokizono, A. and En'yo, H. and Espagnon, B. and Esumi, S. and Eyser, K. O. and Fields, D. E. and Finger, M. and Fleuret, F. and Fokin, S. L. and Forestier, B. and Fraenkel, Z. and Frantz, J. E. and Franz, A. and Frawley, A. D. and Fujiwara, K. and Fukao, Y. and Fung, S.-Y. and Fusayasu, T. and Gadrat, S. and Garishvili, I. and Gastineau, F. and Germain, M. and Glenn, A. and Gong, H. and Gonin, M. and Gosset, J. and Goto, Y. and Granier de Cassagnac, R. and Grau, N. and Greene, S. V. and Grosse Perdekamp, M. and Gunji, T. and Gustafsson, Hans-Åke and Hachiya, T. and Hadj Henni, A. and Haegemann, C. and Haggerty, J. S. and Hagiwara, M. N. and Hamagaki, H. and Han, R. and Harada, H. and Hartouni, E. P. and Haruna, K. and Harvey, M. and Haslum, Eva and Hasuko, K. and Hayano, R. and Heffner, M. and Hemmick, T. K. and Hester, T. and Heuser, J. M. and He, X. and Hiejima, H. and Hill, J. C. and Hobbs, R. and Hohlmann, M. and Holmes, M. and Holzmann, W. and Homma, K. and Hong, B. and Horaguchi, T. and Hornback, D. and Hur, M. G. and Ichihara, T. and Imai, K. and Inaba, M. and Inoue, Y. and Isenhower, D. and Isenhower, L. and Ishihara, M. and Isobe, T. and Issah, M. and Isupov, A. and Jacak, B. V. and Jia, J. and Jin, J. and Jinnouchi, O. and Johnson, B. M. and Joo, K. S. and Jouan, D. and Kajihara, F. and Kametani, S. and Kamihara, N. and Kamin, J. and Kaneta, M. and Kang, J. H. and Kano, H. and Kanou, H. and Kawagishi, T. and Kawall, D. and Kazantsev, A. V. and Kelly, S. and Khanzadeev, A. and Kikuchi, J. and Kim, D. H. and Kim, D. J. and Kim, E. and Kim, Y.-S. and Kinney, E. and Kiss, A. and Kistenev, E. and Kiyomichi, A. and Klay, J. and Klein-Boesing, C. and Kochenda, L. and Kochetkov, V. and Komkov, B. and Konno, M. and Kotchetkov, D. and Kozlov, A. and Kral, A. and Kravitz, A. and Kroon, P. J. and Kubart, J. and Kunde, G. J. and Kurihara, N. and Kurita, K. and Kweon, M. J. and Kwon, Y. and Kyle, G. S. and Lacey, R. and Lai, Y.-S. and Lajoie, J. G. and Lebedev, A. and Le Bornec, Y. and Leckey, S. and Lee, D. M. and Lee, M. K. and Lee, T. and Leitch, M. J. and Leite, M. A. L. and Lenzi, B. and Lim, H. and Liska, T. and Litvinenko, A. and Liu, M. X. and Li, X. and Li, X. H. and Love, B. and Lynch, D. and Maguire, C. F. and Makdisi, Y. I. and Malakhov, A. and Malik, M. D. and Manko, V. I. and Mao, Y. and Masek, L. and Masui, H. and Matathias, F. and McCain, M. C. and McCumber, M. and McGaughey, P. L. and Miake, Y. and Mikes, P. and Miki, K. and Miller, T. E. and Milov, A. and Mioduszewski, S. and Mishra, G. C. and Mishra, M. and Mitchell, J. T. and Mitrovski, M. and Morreale, A. and Morrison, D. P. and Moss, J. M. and Moukhanova, T. V. and Mukhopadhyay, D. and Murata, J. and Nagamiya, S. and Nagata, Y. and Nagle, J. L. and Naglis, M. and Nakagawa, I. and Nakamiya, Y. and Nakamura, T. and Nakano, K. and Newby, J. and Nguyen, M. and Norman, B. E. and Nyanin, A. S. and Nystrand, Joakim and O'Brien, E. and Oda, S. X. and Ogilvie, C. A. and Ohnishi, H. and Ojha, I. D. and Okada, H. and Okada, K. and Oka, M. and Omiwade, O. O. and Oskarsson, Anders and Otterlund, Ingvar and Ouchida, M. and Ozawa, K. and Pak, R. and Pal, D. and Palounek, A. P. T. and Pantuev, V. and Papavassiliou, V. and Park, J. and Park, W. J. and Pate, S. F. and Pei, H. and Peng, J.-C. and Pereira, H. and Peresedov, V. and Peressounko, D. Yu. and Pinkenburg, C. and Pisani, R. P. and Purschke, M. L. and Purwar, A. K. and Qu, H. and Rak, J. and Rakotozafindrabe, A. and Ravinovich, I. and Read, K. F. and Rembeczki, S. and Reuter, M. and Reygers, K. and Riabov, V. and Riabov, Y. and Roche, G. and Romana, A. and Rosati, M. and Rosendahl, Sarah and Rosnet, P. and Rukoyatkin, P. and Rykov, V. L. and Ryu, S. S. and Sahlmueller, B. and Saito, N. and Sakaguchi, T. and Sakai, S. and Sakata, H. and Samsonov, V. and Sato, H. D. and Sato, S. and Sawada, S. and Seele, J. and Seidl, R. and Semenov, V. and Seto, R. and Sharma, D. and Shea, T. K. and Shein, I. and Shevel, A. and Shibata, T.-A. and Shigaki, K. and Shimomura, M. and Shohjoh, T. and Shoji, K. and Sickles, A. and Silva, C. L. and Silvermyr, David and Silvestre, C. and Sim, K. S. and Singh, C. P. and Singh, V. and Skutnik, S. and Slunecka, M. and Smith, W. C. and Soldatov, A. and Soltz, R. A. and Sondheim, W. E. and Sorensen, S. P. and Sourikova, I. V. and Staley, F. and Stankus, P. W. and Stenlund, Evert and Stepanov, M. and Ster, A. and Stoll, S. P. and Sugitate, T. and Suire, C. and Sullivan, J. P. and Sziklai, J. and Tabaru, T. and Takagi, S. and Takagui, E. M. and Taketani, A. and Tanaka, K. H. and Tanaka, Y. and Tanida, K. and Tannenbaum, M. J. and Taranenko, A. and Tarjan, P. and Thomas, T. L. and Togawa, M. and Toia, A. and Tojo, J. and Tomasek, L. and Torii, H. and Towell, R. S. and Tram, V-N. and Tserruya, I. and Tsuchimoto, Y. and Tuli, S. K. and Tydesjö, Henrik and Tyurin, N. and Vale, C. and Valle, H. and van Hecke, H. W. and Velkovska, J. and Vertesi, R. and Vinogradov, A. A. and Virius, M. and Vrba, V. and Vznuzdaev, E. and Wagner, M. and Walker, D. and Wang, X. R. and Watanabe, Y. and Wessels, J. and White, S. N. and Willis, N. and Winter, D. and Woody, C. L. and Wysocki, M. and Xie, W. and Yamaguchi, Y. and Yanovich, A. and Yasin, Z. and Ying, J. and Yokkaichi, S. and Young, G. R. and Younus, I. and Yushmanov, I. E. and Zajc, W. A. and Zaudtke, O. and Zhang, C. and Zhou, S. and Zimanyi, J. and Zolin, L.},
  issn         = {1079-7114},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {17},
  publisher    = {American Physical Society},
  series       = {Physical Review Letters},
  title        = {Energy loss and flow of heavy quarks in Au+Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.172301},
  volume       = {98},
  year         = {2007},
}