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Adverse drug reaction reporting by nurses in Sweden

Bäckström, Martin; Ekman, Elisabet LU and Mjorndal, T. (2007) In European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 63(6). p.613-618
Abstract
Aim To investigate whether nurses could be a useful tool for improving the reporting rate of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Furthermore, we wanted to study how physicians working at the study departments would respond to nurses as reporters of ADRs and if the reporting from the nurses affected the reporting rate from the physicians. Methods Three departments of internal medicine and one unit for orthopaedics were selected for the study. Nurses with special drug responsibilities were invited to participate. At the start of the study period, the nurses received an introduction with background, objective, method and other practical issues concerning the study. After this, an education programme about ADR reporting, definitions, and ADR... (More)
Aim To investigate whether nurses could be a useful tool for improving the reporting rate of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Furthermore, we wanted to study how physicians working at the study departments would respond to nurses as reporters of ADRs and if the reporting from the nurses affected the reporting rate from the physicians. Methods Three departments of internal medicine and one unit for orthopaedics were selected for the study. Nurses with special drug responsibilities were invited to participate. At the start of the study period, the nurses received an introduction with background, objective, method and other practical issues concerning the study. After this, an education programme about ADR reporting, definitions, and ADR classification according to mechanism and organ system was given. To study their knowledge about and attitude towards ADRs, a questionnaire was handed out to the nurses. A questionnaire was also handed out to all physicians at the participating departments in order to investigate their attitude towards nurses as reporters of ADRs. Results Fifty-four nurses participated in the study. During the study period, a total number of 23 reports with 39 ADRs were sent to the regional centres by the nurses. Seventeen (74%) of the reports were assessed as serious. Eight of the 39 ADRs were unlabelled and all reports were considered appropriate. The reporting rate from the physicians during the study period was similar to the previous year, indicating that the nurses contributed with additional reports. At the end of the study, the nurses thought that they had enough knowledge to report ADRs. Sixty-eight percent of the physicians did not object to nurses being included as reporters of suspected ADRs. Conclusion Adverse drug reaction reporting by nurses could improve the overall safety of drugs. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
adverse drug reaction, nurses, spontaneous reporting
in
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
volume
63
issue
6
pages
613 - 618
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000246179200011
  • scopus:34247551787
ISSN
1432-1041
DOI
10.1007/s00228-007-0274-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9f729064-63c5-4595-bb23-64a85d8acc21 (old id 663134)
date added to LUP
2007-12-07 12:08:03
date last changed
2017-09-24 04:27:43
@article{9f729064-63c5-4595-bb23-64a85d8acc21,
  abstract     = {Aim To investigate whether nurses could be a useful tool for improving the reporting rate of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Furthermore, we wanted to study how physicians working at the study departments would respond to nurses as reporters of ADRs and if the reporting from the nurses affected the reporting rate from the physicians. Methods Three departments of internal medicine and one unit for orthopaedics were selected for the study. Nurses with special drug responsibilities were invited to participate. At the start of the study period, the nurses received an introduction with background, objective, method and other practical issues concerning the study. After this, an education programme about ADR reporting, definitions, and ADR classification according to mechanism and organ system was given. To study their knowledge about and attitude towards ADRs, a questionnaire was handed out to the nurses. A questionnaire was also handed out to all physicians at the participating departments in order to investigate their attitude towards nurses as reporters of ADRs. Results Fifty-four nurses participated in the study. During the study period, a total number of 23 reports with 39 ADRs were sent to the regional centres by the nurses. Seventeen (74%) of the reports were assessed as serious. Eight of the 39 ADRs were unlabelled and all reports were considered appropriate. The reporting rate from the physicians during the study period was similar to the previous year, indicating that the nurses contributed with additional reports. At the end of the study, the nurses thought that they had enough knowledge to report ADRs. Sixty-eight percent of the physicians did not object to nurses being included as reporters of suspected ADRs. Conclusion Adverse drug reaction reporting by nurses could improve the overall safety of drugs.},
  author       = {Bäckström, Martin and Ekman, Elisabet and Mjorndal, T.},
  issn         = {1432-1041},
  keyword      = {adverse drug reaction,nurses,spontaneous reporting},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {613--618},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology},
  title        = {Adverse drug reaction reporting by nurses in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00228-007-0274-8},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2007},
}