Advanced

Why Monarchy? The Rise and Demise of a Regime Type

Gerring, John ; Wig, Tore ; Veenendaal, Wouter ; Weitzel, Daniel ; Teorell, Jan LU and Kikuta, Kyosuke (2021) In Comparative Political Studies 54(3-4). p.585-622
Abstract

Monarchy was the dominant form of rule in the pre-modern era and it persists in a handful of countries. We propose a unified theoretical explanation for its rise and decline. Specifically, we argue that monarchy offers an efficient solution to the primordial problem of order where societies are large and citizens isolated from each other and hence have difficulty coordinating. Its efficiency is challenged by other methods of leadership selection when communication costs decline, lowering barriers to citizen coordination. This explains its dominance in the pre-modern world and its subsequent demise. To test this theory, we produce an original dataset that codes monarchies and republics in Europe (back to 1100) and the world (back to... (More)

Monarchy was the dominant form of rule in the pre-modern era and it persists in a handful of countries. We propose a unified theoretical explanation for its rise and decline. Specifically, we argue that monarchy offers an efficient solution to the primordial problem of order where societies are large and citizens isolated from each other and hence have difficulty coordinating. Its efficiency is challenged by other methods of leadership selection when communication costs decline, lowering barriers to citizen coordination. This explains its dominance in the pre-modern world and its subsequent demise. To test this theory, we produce an original dataset that codes monarchies and republics in Europe (back to 1100) and the world (back to 1700). With this dataset, we test a number of observable implications of the theory—centering on territory size, political stability, tenure in office, conflict, and the role of mass communications in the modern era.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
; ; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
democracy, monarchy, republic
in
Comparative Political Studies
volume
54
issue
3-4
pages
585 - 622
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • scopus:85087904664
ISSN
0010-4140
DOI
10.1177/0010414020938090
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
66692678-5fdb-41ed-a1bc-92d2ce69ec9b
date added to LUP
2020-07-30 11:27:45
date last changed
2021-04-09 08:07:58
@article{66692678-5fdb-41ed-a1bc-92d2ce69ec9b,
  abstract     = {<p>Monarchy was the dominant form of rule in the pre-modern era and it persists in a handful of countries. We propose a unified theoretical explanation for its rise and decline. Specifically, we argue that monarchy offers an efficient solution to the primordial problem of order where societies are large and citizens isolated from each other and hence have difficulty coordinating. Its efficiency is challenged by other methods of leadership selection when communication costs decline, lowering barriers to citizen coordination. This explains its dominance in the pre-modern world and its subsequent demise. To test this theory, we produce an original dataset that codes monarchies and republics in Europe (back to 1100) and the world (back to 1700). With this dataset, we test a number of observable implications of the theory—centering on territory size, political stability, tenure in office, conflict, and the role of mass communications in the modern era.</p>},
  author       = {Gerring, John and Wig, Tore and Veenendaal, Wouter and Weitzel, Daniel and Teorell, Jan and Kikuta, Kyosuke},
  issn         = {0010-4140},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3-4},
  pages        = {585--622},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {Comparative Political Studies},
  title        = {Why Monarchy? The Rise and Demise of a Regime Type},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414020938090},
  doi          = {10.1177/0010414020938090},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2021},
}