Advanced

Temporal trends of esophageal cancer during 1995-2004 in Nanao Island, an extremely high-risk area in China

Su, Min; Liu, Min; Tian, Dong-Ping; Li, Xiao-Yun; Zhang, Guo-Hong; Yang, He-Lin; Fan, Xiaolong LU ; Huang, Hai-Hua and Gao, Yu-Xia (2007) In European Journal of Epidemiology 22(1). p.43-48
Abstract
The purpose of our study was to investigate the temporal malignant tumor incidence rates among the 70,000 residents at the relatively isolated Nanao Island in South China Sea. The data on all malignant tumor cases from Nanao Cancer Registry during 1995-2004 were coded, computerized, and analyzed using the software SPSS10.0. The tumor incident cases, crude incident rate, age-standardized incidence rate, their sex distribution and temporal trend were assessed. A total of 1450 new cancer cases (990 males and 460 females) were identified. The annual average age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) of malignant tumors was 208.18/100,000. The age-standardized incidence rate of the ten leading cancers in both sexes combined per 100,000 population... (More)
The purpose of our study was to investigate the temporal malignant tumor incidence rates among the 70,000 residents at the relatively isolated Nanao Island in South China Sea. The data on all malignant tumor cases from Nanao Cancer Registry during 1995-2004 were coded, computerized, and analyzed using the software SPSS10.0. The tumor incident cases, crude incident rate, age-standardized incidence rate, their sex distribution and temporal trend were assessed. A total of 1450 new cancer cases (990 males and 460 females) were identified. The annual average age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) of malignant tumors was 208.18/100,000. The age-standardized incidence rate of the ten leading cancers in both sexes combined per 100,000 population were 74.47 for esophageal cancer (EC), 34.81 for cardiac cancer (CC), 25.66 for liver cancer, 26.01 for lung cancer, 18.52 for stomach cancer, 4.45 for nasopharyngeal cancer, 3.91 for breast cancer, 2.53 for colon/rectum cancer, 2.45 for bladder cancer and 1.92 for pancreatic cancer. These ten types of cancers make up to 93% of all cancer cases, with EC and CC being the most prevalent and making up 52% of the total cases. The incidence rates of esophagus, liver, lung, breast, nasopharyngeal, and colon/rectum cancers showed increasing trends during the period from 1995 to 2004 in Nanao Island. Astounding the EC ASR were 72-150/100,000 among male and 26-64/100,000 among female in Nanao Island during 1995-2004. The EC incidence rate in Nanao population is among the highest across the world, which suggests that there are potential genetic and/or environmental factors affecting this particular population. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
high-risk population, epidemiology, cancer, esophageal cancer
in
European Journal of Epidemiology
volume
22
issue
1
pages
43 - 48
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000243963300006
  • scopus:33846846632
ISSN
1573-7284
DOI
10.1007/s10654-006-9086-x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8849227d-b785-418d-8f4e-389248baacd8 (old id 675214)
date added to LUP
2007-12-20 14:49:48
date last changed
2017-09-10 03:33:06
@article{8849227d-b785-418d-8f4e-389248baacd8,
  abstract     = {The purpose of our study was to investigate the temporal malignant tumor incidence rates among the 70,000 residents at the relatively isolated Nanao Island in South China Sea. The data on all malignant tumor cases from Nanao Cancer Registry during 1995-2004 were coded, computerized, and analyzed using the software SPSS10.0. The tumor incident cases, crude incident rate, age-standardized incidence rate, their sex distribution and temporal trend were assessed. A total of 1450 new cancer cases (990 males and 460 females) were identified. The annual average age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) of malignant tumors was 208.18/100,000. The age-standardized incidence rate of the ten leading cancers in both sexes combined per 100,000 population were 74.47 for esophageal cancer (EC), 34.81 for cardiac cancer (CC), 25.66 for liver cancer, 26.01 for lung cancer, 18.52 for stomach cancer, 4.45 for nasopharyngeal cancer, 3.91 for breast cancer, 2.53 for colon/rectum cancer, 2.45 for bladder cancer and 1.92 for pancreatic cancer. These ten types of cancers make up to 93% of all cancer cases, with EC and CC being the most prevalent and making up 52% of the total cases. The incidence rates of esophagus, liver, lung, breast, nasopharyngeal, and colon/rectum cancers showed increasing trends during the period from 1995 to 2004 in Nanao Island. Astounding the EC ASR were 72-150/100,000 among male and 26-64/100,000 among female in Nanao Island during 1995-2004. The EC incidence rate in Nanao population is among the highest across the world, which suggests that there are potential genetic and/or environmental factors affecting this particular population.},
  author       = {Su, Min and Liu, Min and Tian, Dong-Ping and Li, Xiao-Yun and Zhang, Guo-Hong and Yang, He-Lin and Fan, Xiaolong and Huang, Hai-Hua and Gao, Yu-Xia},
  issn         = {1573-7284},
  keyword      = {high-risk population,epidemiology,cancer,esophageal cancer},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {43--48},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal of Epidemiology},
  title        = {Temporal trends of esophageal cancer during 1995-2004 in Nanao Island, an extremely high-risk area in China},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-006-9086-x},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2007},
}