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The use of Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) in taphonomy : The case of Middle Helladic Asine, Greece

Macheridis, Stella LU (2017) In International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 27(3). p.477-487
Abstract
The goal of this paper is to investigate whether multiple correspondence analysis (MCA), a multivariate statistical technique, is a useful dimensionality-reduction tool in zooarchaeological and taphonomic studies. For this purpose, the focus is to detect and discuss traces of waste management. Animal bones from waste-related contexts at the Bronze Age site Asine, Greece, are investigated. The data consist of bone fragments dating to the Middle Helladic from this site. Unidentified fragments were categorised in size classes, where possible. Information on taxa, skeletal parts and the presence or absence of several taphonomic markers is included in the data set. The MCA reveals several correlations of zooarchaeological interest. For example,... (More)
The goal of this paper is to investigate whether multiple correspondence analysis (MCA), a multivariate statistical technique, is a useful dimensionality-reduction tool in zooarchaeological and taphonomic studies. For this purpose, the focus is to detect and discuss traces of waste management. Animal bones from waste-related contexts at the Bronze Age site Asine, Greece, are investigated. The data consist of bone fragments dating to the Middle Helladic from this site. Unidentified fragments were categorised in size classes, where possible. Information on taxa, skeletal parts and the presence or absence of several taphonomic markers is included in the data set. The MCA reveals several correlations of zooarchaeological interest. For example, the association between indeterminate fragments and calcined bone points to issues concerning identification and preservation. Floors are characterised by weathered long-bone fragments from medium-sized mammals. Additionally, the results of MCA indicate that the material might have suffered from density-mediated attrition, based on the abundance of axial fragments, which did not differ between different contexts and taxa. The results show that MCA can be used to detect zooarchaeological and taphonomic patterns. This multivariate technique is useful when investigating large data sets, as is often the case with large zooarchaeological assemblages. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
aegean bronze age, Asine, Waste management, multiple correspondence analysis, taphonomy, Zooarchaeology
in
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
volume
27
issue
3
pages
477 - 487
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85020312140
  • wos:000403112300014
ISSN
1099-1212
DOI
10.1002/oa.2571
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6810f603-9ed1-4886-9853-1c9e859d830b
date added to LUP
2016-12-07 15:56:17
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:39:48
@article{6810f603-9ed1-4886-9853-1c9e859d830b,
  abstract     = {The goal of this paper is to investigate whether multiple correspondence analysis (MCA), a multivariate statistical technique, is a useful dimensionality-reduction tool in zooarchaeological and taphonomic studies. For this purpose, the focus is to detect and discuss traces of waste management. Animal bones from waste-related contexts at the Bronze Age site Asine, Greece, are investigated. The data consist of bone fragments dating to the Middle Helladic from this site. Unidentified fragments were categorised in size classes, where possible. Information on taxa, skeletal parts and the presence or absence of several taphonomic markers is included in the data set. The MCA reveals several correlations of zooarchaeological interest. For example, the association between indeterminate fragments and calcined bone points to issues concerning identification and preservation. Floors are characterised by weathered long-bone fragments from medium-sized mammals. Additionally, the results of MCA indicate that the material might have suffered from density-mediated attrition, based on the abundance of axial fragments, which did not differ between different contexts and taxa. The results show that MCA can be used to detect zooarchaeological and taphonomic patterns. This multivariate technique is useful when investigating large data sets, as is often the case with large zooarchaeological assemblages. },
  author       = {Macheridis, Stella},
  issn         = {1099-1212},
  keyword      = {aegean bronze age,Asine,Waste management,multiple correspondence analysis,taphonomy,Zooarchaeology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {477--487},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {International Journal of Osteoarchaeology},
  title        = {The use of Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) in taphonomy : The case of Middle Helladic Asine, Greece},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oa.2571},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2017},
}