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Validation and Calibration of the EXIT89 Evacuation Model for Road Tunnel Evacuation Applications

Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Fahy, Rita LU ; Colonna, Pasquale and Berloco, Nicola (2014) 6th International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, PED 2012
p.543-550
Abstract
The validation of an evacuation model is generally performed through testing its predictive capabilities within a set of standard environments (e.g. buildings) or standard layouts. Unfortunately, non-expert users could consider model results as reliable in unique environments as well, such as road tunnels, and extend their use to applications where no ad hoc validation tests have been performed. This paper focuses on the applicability of the EXIT89 model for road tunnel evacuations. The predictive capabilities of EXIT89 are tested by comparing the model results with a tunnel evacuation experiment. A case study has been then analysed, namely the Condò tunnel in Lecce (Italy). The evacuation times produced by the model are also compared with... (More)
The validation of an evacuation model is generally performed through testing its predictive capabilities within a set of standard environments (e.g. buildings) or standard layouts. Unfortunately, non-expert users could consider model results as reliable in unique environments as well, such as road tunnels, and extend their use to applications where no ad hoc validation tests have been performed. This paper focuses on the applicability of the EXIT89 model for road tunnel evacuations. The predictive capabilities of EXIT89 are tested by comparing the model results with a tunnel evacuation experiment. A case study has been then analysed, namely the Condò tunnel in Lecce (Italy). The evacuation times produced by the model are also compared with the results produced by the capacity method described in the Society of Fire Protection Engineering Handbook. Conclusions focus on model strengths and limitations in the reproduction of human behaviour aspects related to road tunnel evacuations.

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author
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publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
host publication
Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2012
editor
Weidmann, Ulrich ; Kirsch, Uwe and Schreckenberg, Michael
pages
8 pages
publisher
Springer
conference name
6th International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, PED 2012<br/>
conference location
Zürich, Switzerland
conference dates
2012-06-06 - 2012-06-08
ISBN
978-3-319-02447-9
978-3-319-02446-2
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-02447-9
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
68a0022b-768d-4154-842f-de12c4638f58
date added to LUP
2020-07-23 13:23:34
date last changed
2020-07-28 10:00:00
@inproceedings{68a0022b-768d-4154-842f-de12c4638f58,
  abstract     = {The validation of an evacuation model is generally performed through testing its predictive capabilities within a set of standard environments (e.g. buildings) or standard layouts. Unfortunately, non-expert users could consider model results as reliable in unique environments as well, such as road tunnels, and extend their use to applications where no ad hoc validation tests have been performed. This paper focuses on the applicability of the EXIT89 model for road tunnel evacuations. The predictive capabilities of EXIT89 are tested by comparing the model results with a tunnel evacuation experiment. A case study has been then analysed, namely the Condò tunnel in Lecce (Italy). The evacuation times produced by the model are also compared with the results produced by the capacity method described in the Society of Fire Protection Engineering Handbook. Conclusions focus on model strengths and limitations in the reproduction of human behaviour aspects related to road tunnel evacuations.<br/><br/>},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and Fahy, Rita and Colonna, Pasquale and Berloco, Nicola},
  booktitle    = {Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2012},
  editor       = {Weidmann, Ulrich and Kirsch, Uwe and Schreckenberg, Michael},
  isbn         = {978-3-319-02447-9},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {543--550},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Validation and Calibration of the EXIT89 Evacuation Model for Road Tunnel Evacuation Applications},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02447-9},
  doi          = {10.1007/978-3-319-02447-9},
  year         = {2014},
}