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Trait anxiety and modeled exposure as determinants of Self-Reported Annoyance to Sound, Air Pollution and Other Environmental Factors in the home

Persson, Roger LU ; Björk, Jonas LU ; Ardö, Jonas LU ; Albin, Maria LU and Jakobsson, Kristina LU (2007) In International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 81(2). p.179-191
Abstract
Objectives We examined to what degree annoyance ratings to noise, air pollution and other common environmental factors in the home environment could be considered to mirror personality disposition in terms of habitual anxiety level and, when appropriate, objectively modeled noise and nitrogen emission (NOx). Methods A trait anxiety scale was introduced in a cross-sectional public health survey with 2,856 respondents. Of these, 705 had self-reported asthma and the rest constituted gender-matched referents. Annoyance to ten specific factors in the residential environment, mainly focusing on source-specific noise and air pollution, was assessed on a six-point likert scale. A-weighted energy equivalent continuous sound pressure level during a... (More)
Objectives We examined to what degree annoyance ratings to noise, air pollution and other common environmental factors in the home environment could be considered to mirror personality disposition in terms of habitual anxiety level and, when appropriate, objectively modeled noise and nitrogen emission (NOx). Methods A trait anxiety scale was introduced in a cross-sectional public health survey with 2,856 respondents. Of these, 705 had self-reported asthma and the rest constituted gender-matched referents. Annoyance to ten specific factors in the residential environment, mainly focusing on source-specific noise and air pollution, was assessed on a six-point likert scale. A-weighted energy equivalent continuous sound pressure level during a full day (24 h; L (Aeq,24)) as well as annual average NOx levels (mu g/m(3)) at the residential address were modeled with high resolution, using a road data base and a detailed emission data base for NOx. Results The two most prevalent complaints were annoyance to traffic noise and sounds from neighbors, which was reported by about 8% of the participants. Unadjusted logistic regression analyses using the continuous trait anxiety score as a predictor showed positive associations with ratings of annoyance from total traffic noise, sounds from neighbors, sound from ventilation, exhaust fumes from traffic, sounds from other installations, and vibrations from traffic (ORs between 1.37 and 2.14). Modeled noise and NOx exposure were positively related with annoyance to traffic noise and exhaust fumes, respectively. Adjustment of the trait anxiety scores for other individual characteristics and potential determinants did not change the overall pattern of results. Conclusion Trait anxiety scores were often mirrored in ratings of annoyance, which suggests caution when using annoyance reports either as a surrogate measure for environmental exposure on the individual-level in epidemiologic studies or when studying the moderating effects of annoyance on health outcomes. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
noise sensitivity, Swedish universities, noise, asthma, air pollution, Scales of Personality
in
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
volume
81
issue
2
pages
13 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000250206000006
  • scopus:35448998765
ISSN
1432-1246
DOI
10.1007/s00420-007-0204-1http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-007-0204-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3488bc61-69a5-4654-a5f6-0132789aaf09 (old id 698444)
date added to LUP
2007-12-17 10:56:00
date last changed
2017-09-10 04:33:00
@article{3488bc61-69a5-4654-a5f6-0132789aaf09,
  abstract     = {Objectives We examined to what degree annoyance ratings to noise, air pollution and other common environmental factors in the home environment could be considered to mirror personality disposition in terms of habitual anxiety level and, when appropriate, objectively modeled noise and nitrogen emission (NOx). Methods A trait anxiety scale was introduced in a cross-sectional public health survey with 2,856 respondents. Of these, 705 had self-reported asthma and the rest constituted gender-matched referents. Annoyance to ten specific factors in the residential environment, mainly focusing on source-specific noise and air pollution, was assessed on a six-point likert scale. A-weighted energy equivalent continuous sound pressure level during a full day (24 h; L (Aeq,24)) as well as annual average NOx levels (mu g/m(3)) at the residential address were modeled with high resolution, using a road data base and a detailed emission data base for NOx. Results The two most prevalent complaints were annoyance to traffic noise and sounds from neighbors, which was reported by about 8% of the participants. Unadjusted logistic regression analyses using the continuous trait anxiety score as a predictor showed positive associations with ratings of annoyance from total traffic noise, sounds from neighbors, sound from ventilation, exhaust fumes from traffic, sounds from other installations, and vibrations from traffic (ORs between 1.37 and 2.14). Modeled noise and NOx exposure were positively related with annoyance to traffic noise and exhaust fumes, respectively. Adjustment of the trait anxiety scores for other individual characteristics and potential determinants did not change the overall pattern of results. Conclusion Trait anxiety scores were often mirrored in ratings of annoyance, which suggests caution when using annoyance reports either as a surrogate measure for environmental exposure on the individual-level in epidemiologic studies or when studying the moderating effects of annoyance on health outcomes.},
  author       = {Persson, Roger and Björk, Jonas and Ardö, Jonas and Albin, Maria and Jakobsson, Kristina},
  issn         = {1432-1246},
  keyword      = {noise sensitivity,Swedish universities,noise,asthma,air pollution,Scales of Personality},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {179--191},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health},
  title        = {Trait anxiety and modeled exposure as determinants of Self-Reported Annoyance to Sound, Air Pollution and Other Environmental Factors in the home},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-007-0204-1http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-007-0204-1},
  volume       = {81},
  year         = {2007},
}