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The Organic Brain Syndrome (OBS) scale: a systematic review.

Björkman Björkelund, Karin LU ; Larsson, Sylvia LU ; Gustafson, Lars LU and Andersson, Edith LU (2006) In International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 21(3). p.210-222
Abstract
Background/Objective The Organic Brain Syndrome (OBS) Scale was developed to determine elderly patients' disturbances of awareness and orientation as to time, place and own identity, and assessment of various emotional and behavioural symptoms appearing in delirium, dementia and other organic mental diseases. The aim of the study was to examine the OBS Scale, using the eight criteria and guidelines formulated by the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust (SAC), and to investigate its relevance and suitability for use in various clinical settings. Method Systematic search and analysis of papers (30) on the OBS Scale were carried out using the criteria suggested by the SAC. Results: The OBS Scale in many aspects... (More)
Background/Objective The Organic Brain Syndrome (OBS) Scale was developed to determine elderly patients' disturbances of awareness and orientation as to time, place and own identity, and assessment of various emotional and behavioural symptoms appearing in delirium, dementia and other organic mental diseases. The aim of the study was to examine the OBS Scale, using the eight criteria and guidelines formulated by the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust (SAC), and to investigate its relevance and suitability for use in various clinical settings. Method Systematic search and analysis of papers (30) on the OBS Scale were carried out using the criteria suggested by the SAC. Results: The OBS Scale in many aspects satisfies the requirements suggested by the SAC: conceptual and measurement model, reliability, validity, responsiveness, interpretability, respondent and administrative burden, alternative forms of administration, and cultural and language adaptations, but there is a need for additional evaluation, especially with regard to different forms of reliability, and the translation and adaptation to other languages. Conclusions The OBS Scale is a sensitive scale which is clinically useful for the description and long-term follow-up of patients showing symptoms of acute confusional state and dementia. Although the OBS Scale has been used in several clinical studies there is need for further evaluation. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
MMSE, reliability, validity, dementia, delirium, OBS Scale, confusion, clinical usefulness
in
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
volume
21
issue
3
pages
210 - 222
publisher
John Wiley and Sons Ltd
external identifiers
  • pmid:16440405
  • wos:000236745000002
  • scopus:33645565670
ISSN
1099-1166
DOI
10.1002/gps.1449
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6a6444c7-2f03-4bed-a15e-c3e8a79a39bb (old id 150071)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=16440405&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2007-06-27 12:00:54
date last changed
2019-09-17 01:53:20
@article{6a6444c7-2f03-4bed-a15e-c3e8a79a39bb,
  abstract     = {Background/Objective The Organic Brain Syndrome (OBS) Scale was developed to determine elderly patients' disturbances of awareness and orientation as to time, place and own identity, and assessment of various emotional and behavioural symptoms appearing in delirium, dementia and other organic mental diseases. The aim of the study was to examine the OBS Scale, using the eight criteria and guidelines formulated by the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust (SAC), and to investigate its relevance and suitability for use in various clinical settings. Method Systematic search and analysis of papers (30) on the OBS Scale were carried out using the criteria suggested by the SAC. Results: The OBS Scale in many aspects satisfies the requirements suggested by the SAC: conceptual and measurement model, reliability, validity, responsiveness, interpretability, respondent and administrative burden, alternative forms of administration, and cultural and language adaptations, but there is a need for additional evaluation, especially with regard to different forms of reliability, and the translation and adaptation to other languages. Conclusions The OBS Scale is a sensitive scale which is clinically useful for the description and long-term follow-up of patients showing symptoms of acute confusional state and dementia. Although the OBS Scale has been used in several clinical studies there is need for further evaluation. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.},
  author       = {Björkman Björkelund, Karin and Larsson, Sylvia and Gustafson, Lars and Andersson, Edith},
  issn         = {1099-1166},
  keyword      = {MMSE,reliability,validity,dementia,delirium,OBS Scale,confusion,clinical usefulness},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {210--222},
  publisher    = {John Wiley and Sons Ltd},
  series       = {International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry},
  title        = {The Organic Brain Syndrome (OBS) scale: a systematic review.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gps.1449},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2006},
}