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Impact-oriented science policies and scientific publication practices : The case of life sciences in Japan

Shibayama, Sotaro LU and Baba, Yasunori (2015) In Research Policy 44(4). p.936-950
Abstract

The modern science system relies on intense evaluation of scientific publication, in which scientific impact is highly emphasized, but its contribution to the progress of science has been controversial. Focusing on two aspects of the science system, resource allocation and academic career design, this study explores whether these policies, presumably aiming at high-impact research, actually achieve the goal. Drawing on in-depth interviews and econometric analyses of Japanese biology professors, this study first shows that merit-based resource allocation can result in biased resource allocation, and that excessive resource concentration can facilitate low-impact publications. Second, results show that a lack of mobility, in particular... (More)

The modern science system relies on intense evaluation of scientific publication, in which scientific impact is highly emphasized, but its contribution to the progress of science has been controversial. Focusing on two aspects of the science system, resource allocation and academic career design, this study explores whether these policies, presumably aiming at high-impact research, actually achieve the goal. Drawing on in-depth interviews and econometric analyses of Japanese biology professors, this study first shows that merit-based resource allocation can result in biased resource allocation, and that excessive resource concentration can facilitate low-impact publications. Second, results show that a lack of mobility, in particular inbreeding, increases low-impact publications, while international mobility decreases it. The latter effect is found to be mediated by fewer publications in low-impact journals, and thus, internationally mobile academics seem to decide the publication destination more strategically.

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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
evaluation, impact factor, publication, science policy, scientific production
in
Research Policy
volume
44
issue
4
pages
15 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84925709902
ISSN
0048-7333
DOI
10.1016/j.respol.2015.01.012
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
6ae1c030-6e77-4463-9cf4-19d8d6ca460e
date added to LUP
2017-04-13 17:51:09
date last changed
2017-10-22 05:29:22
@article{6ae1c030-6e77-4463-9cf4-19d8d6ca460e,
  abstract     = {<p>The modern science system relies on intense evaluation of scientific publication, in which scientific impact is highly emphasized, but its contribution to the progress of science has been controversial. Focusing on two aspects of the science system, resource allocation and academic career design, this study explores whether these policies, presumably aiming at high-impact research, actually achieve the goal. Drawing on in-depth interviews and econometric analyses of Japanese biology professors, this study first shows that merit-based resource allocation can result in biased resource allocation, and that excessive resource concentration can facilitate low-impact publications. Second, results show that a lack of mobility, in particular inbreeding, increases low-impact publications, while international mobility decreases it. The latter effect is found to be mediated by fewer publications in low-impact journals, and thus, internationally mobile academics seem to decide the publication destination more strategically.</p>},
  author       = {Shibayama, Sotaro and Baba, Yasunori},
  issn         = {0048-7333},
  keyword      = {evaluation,impact factor,publication,science policy,scientific production},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {936--950},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Research Policy},
  title        = {Impact-oriented science policies and scientific publication practices : The case of life sciences in Japan},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2015.01.012},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2015},
}