Skip to main content

Lund University Publications

LUND UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES

Ecotoxicological assessment of propiconazole using soil bacterial and fungal growth assays

Fernández-Calviño, David LU ; Rousk, Johannes LU ; Bååth, Erland LU ; Bollmann, Ulla Elisabeth ; Bester, Kai and Brandt, Kristian Koefoed (2017) In Applied Soil Ecology 115. p.27-30
Abstract

Effects of the fungicide propiconazole on soil microorganisms were tested using [3H] leucine incorporation and [14C] acetate in ergosterol incorporation to measure bacterial and fungal growth inhibition, respectively. Growth was compared to basal respiration (BR) and substrate-induced respiration (SIR) in soil microcosms established according to the OECD 217 guideline. Fungal growth was most sensitive with IC50 values remaining around 300 mg kg−1 during 40 days of incubation. SIR was initially less sensitive (IC50 1300 mg kg−1), but IC50 values progressively decreased over time to reach 380 mg kg−1 after 40 days. Bacterial growth was affected at... (More)

Effects of the fungicide propiconazole on soil microorganisms were tested using [3H] leucine incorporation and [14C] acetate in ergosterol incorporation to measure bacterial and fungal growth inhibition, respectively. Growth was compared to basal respiration (BR) and substrate-induced respiration (SIR) in soil microcosms established according to the OECD 217 guideline. Fungal growth was most sensitive with IC50 values remaining around 300 mg kg−1 during 40 days of incubation. SIR was initially less sensitive (IC50 1300 mg kg−1), but IC50 values progressively decreased over time to reach 380 mg kg−1 after 40 days. Bacterial growth was affected at concentrations ≥200 mg kg−1, but exhibited more complex dose-response relationships possibly due to a combination of direct toxicity, bacterial community adaptation, and competitive release from the more severely affected fungi. BR was either stimulated or not affected by propiconazole. Our results indicate that group-specific endpoints targeting microbial growth will improve ecotoxicological assessment of toxicants for environmental risk assessment.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
; ; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Biocides, Ecotoxicology, Fungicides, Microbial activity, Soil microorganisms
in
Applied Soil Ecology
volume
115
pages
4 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000401881200004
  • scopus:85016498566
ISSN
0929-1393
DOI
10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.03.009
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6afe5b77-23b6-41c9-bf3b-01f7c5cf661d
date added to LUP
2017-04-11 09:51:14
date last changed
2022-04-17 00:55:43
@article{6afe5b77-23b6-41c9-bf3b-01f7c5cf661d,
  abstract     = {{<p>Effects of the fungicide propiconazole on soil microorganisms were tested using [<sup>3</sup>H] leucine incorporation and [<sup>14</sup>C] acetate in ergosterol incorporation to measure bacterial and fungal growth inhibition, respectively. Growth was compared to basal respiration (BR) and substrate-induced respiration (SIR) in soil microcosms established according to the OECD 217 guideline. Fungal growth was most sensitive with IC<sub>50</sub> values remaining around 300 mg kg<sup>−1</sup> during 40 days of incubation. SIR was initially less sensitive (IC<sub>50</sub> 1300 mg kg<sup>−1</sup>), but IC<sub>50</sub> values progressively decreased over time to reach 380 mg kg<sup>−1</sup> after 40 days. Bacterial growth was affected at concentrations ≥200 mg kg<sup>−1</sup>, but exhibited more complex dose-response relationships possibly due to a combination of direct toxicity, bacterial community adaptation, and competitive release from the more severely affected fungi. BR was either stimulated or not affected by propiconazole. Our results indicate that group-specific endpoints targeting microbial growth will improve ecotoxicological assessment of toxicants for environmental risk assessment.</p>}},
  author       = {{Fernández-Calviño, David and Rousk, Johannes and Bååth, Erland and Bollmann, Ulla Elisabeth and Bester, Kai and Brandt, Kristian Koefoed}},
  issn         = {{0929-1393}},
  keywords     = {{Biocides; Ecotoxicology; Fungicides; Microbial activity; Soil microorganisms}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  month        = {{07}},
  pages        = {{27--30}},
  publisher    = {{Elsevier}},
  series       = {{Applied Soil Ecology}},
  title        = {{Ecotoxicological assessment of propiconazole using soil bacterial and fungal growth assays}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.03.009}},
  doi          = {{10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.03.009}},
  volume       = {{115}},
  year         = {{2017}},
}