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Pedestrian movement in smoke : Theory, data and modelling approaches

Ronchi, Enrico LU and Nilsson, Daniel LU (2019) In Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology p.37-62
Abstract

The understanding of pedestrian movement in smoke-filled environments is of significant importance in fire safety engineering applications. This chapter presents an overview of the main concepts concerning pedestrian movement in smoke, with a particular emphasis on the adverse effects that it can have on pedestrian evacuation. Several factors are discussed, including fire, pedestrian and environmental factors. Factors associated with the presence of fire relate to the impact of reduced visibility conditions, the presence of asphyxiant/irritant gases and cognitive and emotional influences are also explored. Pedestrian factors include walking speed and pedestrian movement abilities, visual acuity and physical exertion. Environmental... (More)

The understanding of pedestrian movement in smoke-filled environments is of significant importance in fire safety engineering applications. This chapter presents an overview of the main concepts concerning pedestrian movement in smoke, with a particular emphasis on the adverse effects that it can have on pedestrian evacuation. Several factors are discussed, including fire, pedestrian and environmental factors. Factors associated with the presence of fire relate to the impact of reduced visibility conditions, the presence of asphyxiant/irritant gases and cognitive and emotional influences are also explored. Pedestrian factors include walking speed and pedestrian movement abilities, visual acuity and physical exertion. Environmental factors include geometric complexity, the interaction with way-finding and signage systems, inclination of floor/ground or inclines (similar to stairs), stairs and surface materials. An overview of the current capabilities of pedestrian and evacuation models used in fire safety engineering applications is also presented along with recommendations for future areas of research in the domain of pedestrian movement in smoke.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Fire safety, Human behaviour, Pedestrian movement, Smoke, Visibility, Way-finding
host publication
Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology
series title
Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology
pages
26 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85061052029
ISSN
2164-3679
2164-3725
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-05129-7_3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6b179c4d-ccfb-49f8-a21d-8870e8e08cf8
date added to LUP
2019-02-15 09:30:15
date last changed
2020-02-19 05:20:36
@inbook{6b179c4d-ccfb-49f8-a21d-8870e8e08cf8,
  abstract     = {<p>The understanding of pedestrian movement in smoke-filled environments is of significant importance in fire safety engineering applications. This chapter presents an overview of the main concepts concerning pedestrian movement in smoke, with a particular emphasis on the adverse effects that it can have on pedestrian evacuation. Several factors are discussed, including fire, pedestrian and environmental factors. Factors associated with the presence of fire relate to the impact of reduced visibility conditions, the presence of asphyxiant/irritant gases and cognitive and emotional influences are also explored. Pedestrian factors include walking speed and pedestrian movement abilities, visual acuity and physical exertion. Environmental factors include geometric complexity, the interaction with way-finding and signage systems, inclination of floor/ground or inclines (similar to stairs), stairs and surface materials. An overview of the current capabilities of pedestrian and evacuation models used in fire safety engineering applications is also presented along with recommendations for future areas of research in the domain of pedestrian movement in smoke.</p>},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and Nilsson, Daniel},
  booktitle    = {Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology},
  issn         = {2164-3679},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  pages        = {37--62},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology},
  title        = {Pedestrian movement in smoke : Theory, data and modelling approaches},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05129-7_3},
  doi          = {10.1007/978-3-030-05129-7_3},
  year         = {2019},
}