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Transitivity Alternations in North Sámi

Julien, Marit LU (2016) In Open Linguistics 2(1). p.400-426
Abstract
In North Sámi, verbs that form transitivity alternation pairs are always distinguished morphologically. However, even if morphology is seen as a reflex of the syntax, the syntactic structure underlying transitive and intransitive verbs in North Sámi cannot be directly read off from the morphology. Since the verbalisers have vocalic phonological realisations with some roots but consonantal realisations with others, and since consonantal realisations give the verb an additional syllable, one can get the impression that in some transitivity alternation pairs the transitive verb is derived from the intransitive verb, whereas in other pairs it is the other way round, and that in still other pairs both verbs are derived from a common... (More)
In North Sámi, verbs that form transitivity alternation pairs are always distinguished morphologically. However, even if morphology is seen as a reflex of the syntax, the syntactic structure underlying transitive and intransitive verbs in North Sámi cannot be directly read off from the morphology. Since the verbalisers have vocalic phonological realisations with some roots but consonantal realisations with others, and since consonantal realisations give the verb an additional syllable, one can get the impression that in some transitivity alternation pairs the transitive verb is derived from the intransitive verb, whereas in other pairs it is the other way round, and that in still other pairs both verbs are derived from a common base.
On closer inspection it nevertheless appears that while in some cases the transitive verb is actually formed from the intransitive verb by causativisation, in other cases the transitive verb differs from its intransitive counterpart only in involving a Voice head. In addition, the language has a type of intransitive verb that are marked anticausatives, meaning that they have an expletive Voice head. The main difference between these verbs and the corresponding transitive verbs is the properties of Voice. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
causative, marked anticausative, verb phrase syntax, verbaliser, morphology
in
Open Linguistics
volume
2
issue
1
pages
400 - 426
publisher
De Gruyter Open
external identifiers
  • wos:000397102300014
DOI
10.1515/opli-2016-0021
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6be5996b-e63d-47a8-b453-fdc27a307c58
date added to LUP
2016-11-18 23:51:32
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:30:50
@article{6be5996b-e63d-47a8-b453-fdc27a307c58,
  abstract     = {In North Sámi, verbs that form transitivity alternation pairs are always distinguished morphologically. However, even if morphology is seen as a reflex of the syntax, the syntactic structure underlying transitive and intransitive verbs in North Sámi cannot be directly read off from the morphology. Since the verbalisers have vocalic phonological realisations with some roots but consonantal realisations with others, and since consonantal realisations give the verb an additional syllable, one can get the impression that in some transitivity alternation pairs the transitive verb is derived from the intransitive verb, whereas in other pairs it is the other way round, and that in still other pairs both verbs are derived from a common base.<br/>On closer inspection it nevertheless appears that while in some cases the transitive verb is actually formed from the intransitive verb by causativisation, in other cases the transitive verb differs from its intransitive counterpart only in involving a Voice head. In addition, the language has a type of intransitive verb that are marked anticausatives, meaning that they have an expletive Voice head. The main difference between these verbs and the corresponding transitive verbs is the properties of Voice.},
  author       = {Julien, Marit},
  keyword      = {causative,marked anticausative,verb phrase syntax,verbaliser,morphology},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {400--426},
  publisher    = {De Gruyter Open},
  series       = {Open Linguistics},
  title        = {Transitivity Alternations in North Sámi},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/opli-2016-0021},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2016},
}