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Lack of knowledge regarding HPV and its relation to oropharyngeal cancer among medical students

Sallam, Malik LU ; Dababseh, Deema ; Yaseen, Alaa ; Al-Haidar, Ayat ; Ettarras, Hajar ; Jaafreh, Dania ; Hasan, Hanan ; Al-Salahat, Khaled ; Al-Fraihat, Esraa and Hassona, Yazan , et al. (2021) In Cancer Reports
Abstract

Background: Oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) is an important cause of cancer-related mortality. Early detection of OPC results in a favorable prognosis and higher survival rates. Infection by high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is a risk factor for OPC with an upward trend globally. Medical students' knowledge and awareness of HPV-related OPC can be crucial in the preventive efforts. Aim: To assess HPV knowledge among medical students at the University of Jordan, with particular focus on its relation to different cancers. Methods: This paper-based survey study was conducted in November 2019. The survey items were based on previously validated surveys used to evaluate HPV-related OPC knowledge among dental students and professionals.... (More)

Background: Oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) is an important cause of cancer-related mortality. Early detection of OPC results in a favorable prognosis and higher survival rates. Infection by high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is a risk factor for OPC with an upward trend globally. Medical students' knowledge and awareness of HPV-related OPC can be crucial in the preventive efforts. Aim: To assess HPV knowledge among medical students at the University of Jordan, with particular focus on its relation to different cancers. Methods: This paper-based survey study was conducted in November 2019. The survey items were based on previously validated surveys used to evaluate HPV-related OPC knowledge among dental students and professionals. To assess HPV knowledge and students' confidence in personal history taking and physical examination, we developed a knowledge and confidence scores that showed acceptable reliability. Results: The total number of participants was 1198 students, with a median age of 21 and female predominance (n = 697, 58.2%). Among the participants, 93.3% heard of HPV prior to this survey (n = 1118). Higher levels of knowledge regarding cervical cancer, OPC and HPV vaccination was seen among clinical students compared to their preclinical counterparts, but their overall HPV knowledge was low. Only 18.4% and 21.0% of the clinical students correctly identified the association of HPV with penile and oropharyngeal cancers, respectively. Additionally, 34.5% of the clinical students were not aware of the availability of HPV vaccines. The majority of students (92.0%) reported that the university courses were their major source of knowledge about HPV. Conclusion: A profound lack of knowledge regarding HPV role in OPC was found among medical students. This insufficiency included several aspects of the virus and its associated diseases. Such gaps in knowledge could have negative consequences in early detection and prevention of OPC and should be addressed by evaluation of the current curriculum.

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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
carcinoma, medical education, oropharyngeal cancer, sexually transmitted infection
in
Cancer Reports
article number
e1517
publisher
John Wiley & Sons Inc.
external identifiers
  • scopus:85110694306
  • pmid:34291614
ISSN
2573-8348
DOI
10.1002/cnr2.1517
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6c8e4d7d-ede4-4c1b-abe5-29ed415b6146
date added to LUP
2021-09-02 23:51:04
date last changed
2022-10-02 18:02:50
@article{6c8e4d7d-ede4-4c1b-abe5-29ed415b6146,
  abstract     = {{<p>Background: Oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) is an important cause of cancer-related mortality. Early detection of OPC results in a favorable prognosis and higher survival rates. Infection by high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is a risk factor for OPC with an upward trend globally. Medical students' knowledge and awareness of HPV-related OPC can be crucial in the preventive efforts. Aim: To assess HPV knowledge among medical students at the University of Jordan, with particular focus on its relation to different cancers. Methods: This paper-based survey study was conducted in November 2019. The survey items were based on previously validated surveys used to evaluate HPV-related OPC knowledge among dental students and professionals. To assess HPV knowledge and students' confidence in personal history taking and physical examination, we developed a knowledge and confidence scores that showed acceptable reliability. Results: The total number of participants was 1198 students, with a median age of 21 and female predominance (n = 697, 58.2%). Among the participants, 93.3% heard of HPV prior to this survey (n = 1118). Higher levels of knowledge regarding cervical cancer, OPC and HPV vaccination was seen among clinical students compared to their preclinical counterparts, but their overall HPV knowledge was low. Only 18.4% and 21.0% of the clinical students correctly identified the association of HPV with penile and oropharyngeal cancers, respectively. Additionally, 34.5% of the clinical students were not aware of the availability of HPV vaccines. The majority of students (92.0%) reported that the university courses were their major source of knowledge about HPV. Conclusion: A profound lack of knowledge regarding HPV role in OPC was found among medical students. This insufficiency included several aspects of the virus and its associated diseases. Such gaps in knowledge could have negative consequences in early detection and prevention of OPC and should be addressed by evaluation of the current curriculum.</p>}},
  author       = {{Sallam, Malik and Dababseh, Deema and Yaseen, Alaa and Al-Haidar, Ayat and Ettarras, Hajar and Jaafreh, Dania and Hasan, Hanan and Al-Salahat, Khaled and Al-Fraihat, Esraa and Hassona, Yazan and Şahin, Gülşen Özkaya and Mahafzah, Azmi}},
  issn         = {{2573-8348}},
  keywords     = {{carcinoma; medical education; oropharyngeal cancer; sexually transmitted infection}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  month        = {{07}},
  publisher    = {{John Wiley & Sons Inc.}},
  series       = {{Cancer Reports}},
  title        = {{Lack of knowledge regarding HPV and its relation to oropharyngeal cancer among medical students}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cnr2.1517}},
  doi          = {{10.1002/cnr2.1517}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}