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Fire-Related Mortality in Sweden : Temporal Trends 1952 to 2013

Jonsson, Anders LU ; Runefors, Marcus LU ; Särdqvist, Stefan LU and Nilson, Finn (2016) In Fire Technology 52(6). p.1697-1707
Abstract

This study examines temporal trends in deaths due to fire-related accidents in Sweden from 1952 to 2013 based on statistics in the Cause of Death register held by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. Fatalities coded with underlying cause of death associated with fire-related accidents are included and absolute numbers and age-adjusted mortality rates are calculated and statistically analysed for trends using Poisson regression. The results show a significant reduction in both absolute numbers and in the age-adjusted mortality rate with a decline in absolute number of deaths of 34% over the period. However, the elderly population (80+ years) showed a significant increase in absolute numbers. Regarding the age-adjusted... (More)

This study examines temporal trends in deaths due to fire-related accidents in Sweden from 1952 to 2013 based on statistics in the Cause of Death register held by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. Fatalities coded with underlying cause of death associated with fire-related accidents are included and absolute numbers and age-adjusted mortality rates are calculated and statistically analysed for trends using Poisson regression. The results show a significant reduction in both absolute numbers and in the age-adjusted mortality rate with a decline in absolute number of deaths of 34% over the period. However, the elderly population (80+ years) showed a significant increase in absolute numbers. Regarding the age-adjusted mortality rate, a significant reduction of 63% was observed and children aged 0 to 4 years showed the largest decrease (91%). A reduction was seen both in terms of fatalities due to burns and carbon monoxide poisoning, although the reduction was more pronounced with regards to burns (69% compared to 46%). Although an overall decrease was observed in both absolute numbers and in the age-adjusted mortality rate, with an aging population, the absolute numbers of fire-related deaths for the elderly population will most likely increase in the future. Therefore, whilst previously a child-injury issue, fire-related deaths in Sweden is now predominantly an issue of safety for the elderly. In combination with more deaths now being attributed to carbon monoxide poisoning, new preventative strategies may be required.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Accidental fires, Deaths, Fatalities, Trend
in
Fire Technology
volume
52
issue
6
pages
11 pages
publisher
Kluwer
external identifiers
  • scopus:84949961184
  • wos:000387105200004
ISSN
0015-2684
DOI
10.1007/s10694-015-0551-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6d46a51b-c691-4243-a024-c01f9650ae45
date added to LUP
2016-11-14 09:49:52
date last changed
2017-08-13 05:00:22
@article{6d46a51b-c691-4243-a024-c01f9650ae45,
  abstract     = {<p>This study examines temporal trends in deaths due to fire-related accidents in Sweden from 1952 to 2013 based on statistics in the Cause of Death register held by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. Fatalities coded with underlying cause of death associated with fire-related accidents are included and absolute numbers and age-adjusted mortality rates are calculated and statistically analysed for trends using Poisson regression. The results show a significant reduction in both absolute numbers and in the age-adjusted mortality rate with a decline in absolute number of deaths of 34% over the period. However, the elderly population (80+ years) showed a significant increase in absolute numbers. Regarding the age-adjusted mortality rate, a significant reduction of 63% was observed and children aged 0 to 4 years showed the largest decrease (91%). A reduction was seen both in terms of fatalities due to burns and carbon monoxide poisoning, although the reduction was more pronounced with regards to burns (69% compared to 46%). Although an overall decrease was observed in both absolute numbers and in the age-adjusted mortality rate, with an aging population, the absolute numbers of fire-related deaths for the elderly population will most likely increase in the future. Therefore, whilst previously a child-injury issue, fire-related deaths in Sweden is now predominantly an issue of safety for the elderly. In combination with more deaths now being attributed to carbon monoxide poisoning, new preventative strategies may be required.</p>},
  author       = {Jonsson, Anders and Runefors, Marcus and Särdqvist, Stefan and Nilson, Finn},
  issn         = {0015-2684},
  keyword      = {Accidental fires,Deaths,Fatalities,Trend},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1697--1707},
  publisher    = {Kluwer},
  series       = {Fire Technology},
  title        = {Fire-Related Mortality in Sweden : Temporal Trends 1952 to 2013},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10694-015-0551-5},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {2016},
}