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Human influences on evolution, and the ecological and societal consequences

Hendry, Andrew P.; Gotanda, Kiyoko M. and Svensson, Erik I. LU (2017) In Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences 372(1712).
Abstract

Humans have dramatic, diverse and far-reaching influences on the evolution of other organisms. Numerous examples of this human-induced contemporary evolution have been reported in a number of ‘contexts’, including hunting, harvesting, fishing, agriculture, medicine, climate change, pollution, eutrophication, urbanization, habitat fragmentation, biological invasions and emerging/disappearing diseases. Although numerous papers, journal special issues and books have addressed each of these contexts individually, the time has come to consider them together and thereby seek important similarities and differences. The goal of this special issue, and this introductory paper, is to promote and expand this nascent integration. We first develop... (More)

Humans have dramatic, diverse and far-reaching influences on the evolution of other organisms. Numerous examples of this human-induced contemporary evolution have been reported in a number of ‘contexts’, including hunting, harvesting, fishing, agriculture, medicine, climate change, pollution, eutrophication, urbanization, habitat fragmentation, biological invasions and emerging/disappearing diseases. Although numerous papers, journal special issues and books have addressed each of these contexts individually, the time has come to consider them together and thereby seek important similarities and differences. The goal of this special issue, and this introductory paper, is to promote and expand this nascent integration. We first develop predictions as to which human contexts might cause the strongest and most consistent directional selection, the greatest changes in evolutionary potential, the greatest genetic (as opposed to plastic) changes and the greatest effects on evolutionary diversification. We then develop predictions as to the contexts where human-induced evolutionary changes might have the strongest effects on the population dynamics of the focal evolving species, the structure of their communities, the functions of their ecosystems and the benefits and costs for human societies. These qualitative predictions are intended as a rallying point for broader and more detailed future discussions of how human influences shape evolution, and how that evolution then influences species traits, biodiversity, ecosystems and humans. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Human influences on evolution, and the ecological and societal consequences’.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Anthropogenic influences, Contemporary evolution, Eco-evolutionary dynamics, Ecosystem services, Evolutionary diversification, Rapid evolution
in
Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences
volume
372
issue
1712
publisher
Royal Society
external identifiers
  • scopus:85006062117
  • wos:000390321500001
ISSN
0962-8436
DOI
10.1098/rstb.2016.0028
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6e875e2c-27f4-4d43-8b13-bdfa9ba77836
date added to LUP
2017-02-15 08:57:09
date last changed
2018-08-12 04:33:42
@article{6e875e2c-27f4-4d43-8b13-bdfa9ba77836,
  abstract     = {<p>Humans have dramatic, diverse and far-reaching influences on the evolution of other organisms. Numerous examples of this human-induced contemporary evolution have been reported in a number of ‘contexts’, including hunting, harvesting, fishing, agriculture, medicine, climate change, pollution, eutrophication, urbanization, habitat fragmentation, biological invasions and emerging/disappearing diseases. Although numerous papers, journal special issues and books have addressed each of these contexts individually, the time has come to consider them together and thereby seek important similarities and differences. The goal of this special issue, and this introductory paper, is to promote and expand this nascent integration. We first develop predictions as to which human contexts might cause the strongest and most consistent directional selection, the greatest changes in evolutionary potential, the greatest genetic (as opposed to plastic) changes and the greatest effects on evolutionary diversification. We then develop predictions as to the contexts where human-induced evolutionary changes might have the strongest effects on the population dynamics of the focal evolving species, the structure of their communities, the functions of their ecosystems and the benefits and costs for human societies. These qualitative predictions are intended as a rallying point for broader and more detailed future discussions of how human influences shape evolution, and how that evolution then influences species traits, biodiversity, ecosystems and humans. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Human influences on evolution, and the ecological and societal consequences’.</p>},
  articleno    = {20160028},
  author       = {Hendry, Andrew P. and Gotanda, Kiyoko M. and Svensson, Erik I.},
  issn         = {0962-8436},
  keyword      = {Anthropogenic influences,Contemporary evolution,Eco-evolutionary dynamics,Ecosystem services,Evolutionary diversification,Rapid evolution},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {1712},
  publisher    = {Royal Society},
  series       = {Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences},
  title        = {Human influences on evolution, and the ecological and societal consequences},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0028},
  volume       = {372},
  year         = {2017},
}